Ivanhoe Railway Precinct | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Ivanhoe Railway Precinct

Item details

Name of item: Ivanhoe Railway Precinct
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: , Ivanhoe, NSW 2878
Local govt. area: Central Darling

Boundary:

The listing boundary is formed by the property boundary on each side of the tracks and a line crossing the tracks to east and west of the group at a distance of 20 metres past the end of the last items in each direction.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
 IvanhoeCentral Darling  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Ivanhoe Railway Precinct is of local significance as a relatively intact 1920s station which includes a collection of railway structures dating from the opening of the station and yard at Ivanhoe in 1925. The small remote country railway precinct including the small 1925 station building, signal box, water tank and other related structures demonstrate widespread early 20th century railway customs, activities and design in NSW. The station building is representative of the standard 1920s precast concrete station buildings introduced for country lines during the Interwar period, and is now only one of a few that remains in NSW.
Date significance updated: 01 Dec 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1925-1925
Physical description: MAJOR STRUCTURES - Managed by RailCorp
Station Building - type 12, concrete drop panel standard AC3 (1925)
Platform - concrete (2012)
Signal Box - type K, concrete drop panel on platform (1926)

OTHER ITEMS - Managed by ARTC
Water Tank (1925)

STATION BUILDING (1925)
The small single storey station building is constructed of concrete drop panels with a hipped roof clad in asbestos tiles and decorative ridge capping. The platform awning is clad in corrugated sheet metal and is supported on simple timber brackets. Fenestration comprises timber framed double hung sash windows.

PLATFORM (2012)
Elevated concrete slab. Original precast concrete post and panel platform has been replaced with modern precast concrete units


SIGNAL BOX (1925)
The small single storey signal box is constructed of concrete drop panels with a gabled roof clad in corrugated sheet metal. Fenestration comprises timber framed multi-pane casement windows.

WATER TANK
Elevated steel water tank.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Generally in good condition.
Date condition updated:01 Dec 09

History

Historical notes: Ivanhoe Railway Precinct is one of the most remote railway locations in NSW and is located on the Broken Hill line which extends from Orange westward to Broken Hill covering vast arid country and continuing on into South Australia.

The Great Western Railway reached Nevertire in October 1882, Nyngan in 1883, and Bourke in 1885. The section of the Western line between Parkes and Bogan Gate was completed in December 1896, and by March 1898 the line reached Condobolin, but it wasn’t until after World War I before Ivanhoe, Broken Hill and other areas in the far west of New South Wales were connected to Sydney by rail (Cottee, 2004; Glover, 1989).

The Great Western line reached Trida in February 1919 and by 15 July 1919 the Broken Hill to Menindee section was completed (this section was completed before the line reached Menindee from the east in November 1927). However, it wasn’t until August 1925 before the line to Ivanhoe was serviceable and on 7 November 1927 the Sydney to Broken Hill line was completed, which at the time of completion was the longest branch line in the state.

Ivanhoe was officially opened on 19 August 1925 with a standard concrete drop panel (Pc3) Station Building typical for freight stations. Approximately 140 precast drop-panel concrete station buildings were constructed in Regional NSW during 1919 - 1932. There were five standard designs that ranged from the Ac1 which was a simple waiting room, through to larger station buildings such as the Ac5 which featured five rooms in a U-shape form with front verandah. The standard designs were later reissued as Pc1 – Pc3 in c.1925.

The first steam passenger service to Ivanhoe and Broken Hill commenced in late 1927 with the first station master at Ivanhoe, Mr John. A. Hargreaves, appointed in June 1927. The Broken Hill Express departed from Sydney twice a week (Cottee, 2004; Glover, 1989).

The opening of the Locomotive Depot at Ivanhoe in 1925 also included construction of Department Residences, a Resthouse, Water Tank, Coal Stage, Pump House and an Engine Shed (Forsyth, 2008).

An additional siding (the Vacuum Oil siding) was completed in November 1930, and later removed in 1968.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Communication-Activities relating to the creation and conveyance of information Signalling and safe working-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Utilities-Activities associated with the provision of services, especially on a communal basis Provision of railway water supplies-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway engineering and architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The place has historic significance to demonstrate the development of the western line to Broken Hill and beyond in the 1920 and 1930s, and includes a collection of railway structures dating from the opening of the station and yard at Ivanhoe in 1925.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The small station building has aesthetic significance as a standard concrete drop slab station building of the 1920s.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The site is of social significance to the local community on account of its lengthy association for providing an important source of employment, trade and social interaction for the local area. The site is significant for its ability to contribute to the local community’s sense of place, is a distinctive feature of the daily life of many community members, and provides a connection to the local community’s past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The station building is one of only a few 1920s precast concrete station buildings that remain in NSW, other examples include Broken Hill and Leeton.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The site has representative significance for its collection of railway structures including the small 1925 station building, signal box, jib crane and water tank that collectively demonstrate widespread early 20th century railway customs, activities and design in NSW, and are representative of similar items that are found in other railway sites across the state.

The station building is representative of the 1920s standard precast concrete drop slab station buildings introduced for country lines.
Integrity/Intactness: Moderate level of integrity/ intactness.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999 State Rail Authority  No
S170 Register Update Project2009 ARTC/ ORH  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenCottee, J.M.2004Stations on the track: selected New South Wales country railway stations: an historical overview
WrittenGlover, H.M.1989A town called Ivanhoe: A history
WrittenJohn H Forsyth2009NSW Railway Stations - An Alphabetical Arrangement of Railway Station and Place Names
MapRailCorp RailCorp Historic Plans, various

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4806794


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