Tam 504 - 'Main-line' Sleeping Car | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Tam 504 - 'Main-line' Sleeping Car

Item details

Name of item: Tam 504 - 'Main-line' Sleeping Car
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: Thirlmere Railway Precinct, Thirlmere, NSW 2572
Local govt. area: Wollondilly
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Thirlmere Railway PrecinctThirlmereWollondilly  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Sleeping Car TAM 504 has heritage significance as a good representative example of a Main-Line sleeper carriage which was a major carriage design in the early twentieth century and was the standard accommodation for overnight travel in NSW for over fifty years. It is an example of E E Lucy’s designs for passenger carriages which were the locally designed standard vehicle of the NSW Railways for most of the twentieth century, and its interior fitout is representative of the decorative styles and materials in vogue at the time of construction. This carriage was the penultimate TAM carriage to be constructed and is considered rare as one of the last surviving examples of its type in good overall condition with its interior remaining intact. It is associated with the provision and operation of important inter-capital travel services in NSW and illustrates a period of the history of NSW, when rail travel was the primary means of long-distance travel.
Date significance updated: 13 Nov 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railways (E.E. Lucy)
Builder/Maker: Ritchie Bros, Auburn, NSW
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Sleeping Car TAM 504 was built by Ritchie Bros as a first-class sleeping car and entered service in 1937. The carriage has a timber body with a steel four-truss underframe. It has a high elliptical roof with modified canopy ends constructed with timber. Its body is sheathed with vertical tongue and groove slats and has pairs of wooden framed single pane lift windows positioned regularly down the sides, one window half the width of the other. It has bowed ends with Pullman connections and screw couplings with buffers. The car can be entered through an off central doorway, a doorway on diagonally opposite ends of the sides, or through the vestibuled connections. It is fitted with screw couplings & buffers, and plain journal bearings and oil axleboxes in two 6-wheel 3AF bogies (3284/3283).

INTERNAL
The interior is divided into two sleeping compartment sections which are accessed through a staggered corridor. The carriage contains ten sleeping compartments, toilets at diagonally opposite ends, and a central conductor's cabin. All sleeping compartments are Mann-type, double-berth and include a pull-down handbasin with decorative brass metal face plate, a mirror and clothing and luggage storage space. The attendants compartment contains a small kitchenette. The interior is lined with panelled cedar and the ceilings are lined with painted ply and Wunderlich panels. The floors are constructed with timber. The carriage is lit with pendant lighting.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Moderate Condition
Internal Condition: Good Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
Externally this car is in moderate condition. The vertical tongue-and-groove boards have shrunk over time and would no longer be waterproof. There is some evidence of rot in the vertical timber panelling and sides and in the horizontal lintel panels. Underfloor equipment is virtually complete.

INTERNAL CONDITION
The interior is complete and generally in good condition.
Date condition updated:29 Oct 09
Modifications and dates: August 1937 - Built by Ritchie Brothers and entered service as TAM 504. Varnished exterior.
c.1950s - Steam heating fitted.
1955-65 - All TAM carriages had their crownlights removed between 1955 and 1965. Painted red with buff stripes.
August 1978 - Withdrawn from service and condemned.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Sleeping Car

History

Historical notes: During 1911, the railways administration realised that in order to meet growing traffic demand, new carriages would be required. Various proposals were evaluated until the design that was to become the standard for the next 25 years was established. This design came to be known as the 72'6" Cars.
The design was by the Chief Mechanical Engineer E.E. Lucy. These new carriages were coded TAM for the sleeper, CAM for the composite sleeper, TBC for the first-class sitting car, and TFX for the second-class sitting car. Of these, the Tam would be the only car that was produced in any numbers with 51 being placed in service over a period of 24 years.

Two TAM were placed in service in 1913 on each Melbourne Limited Express. The three trains for the Brisbane Express each included one sleeping carriage and they entered service in September 1914. To enable the Melbourne Limited to be built up to four sleeping cars, in 1923 another three TAM were built at Eveleigh. In 1926-27 Eveleigh built a further twelve, allowing two to be placed on the Brisbane Limited, one on the Brisbane Mail and one on the Melbourne Express.

The first TAM built by outside contractors appeared in 1927 when Meadowbank built five. A further ten TAM were constructed at Meadowbank under contract 10/28.

The final TAM came in 1937, when Ritchie Brothers were awarded contract 2/36 for ten vehicles. Sleeping Car TAM 504 formed part of this order and was the penultimate TAM built, entering service in August 1937. These cars were mounted on the older-style, four-truss-rod underframe in lieu of the cantilever type. Prior to the completion of the order, the contract was varied and the last three were delivered with a different window arrangement.

The 1937 order allowed a TAM to be included in the South West Mail six days per week on the journey to Narrandera. The introduction of the Silver City Comet in 1937 meant that a TAM was required for the Forbes Mail. The TAM sleeping cars provided the bulk of all sleeping car operations from the late 1940s until the 1980s when sleeping services were withdrawn. Steam heating was fitted to a number of cars, including TAM 504, in the early 1950s and these cars were made available for the Melbourne expresses. With the replacement of TAM by MAL on the Brisbane Limited in 1954, TAM were then rostered to the Albury and Temora Mails. All TAM carriages had their crownlights removed between 1955 and 1965. The majority were also re-sheathed in plywood at this time, but TAM 504 has retained the original tongue and groove cedar strip cladding. As with most of its class, TAM 504 would have been used on all or most of the main intercity services throughout its life. This carriage was withdrawn from service and condemned in August 1978. It was then placed in the collection of the NSW Rail Transport Museum.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Creation of railway towns-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Sleeping Car TAM 504 has a high level of historical significance. The carriage is an important design of the Chief Railway Engineer, E E Lucy, an important person in the development of the NSW Railways, and is associated with the provision and operation of important intercapital travel services in NSW for over fifty years. It is one of a major class of railway carriages of its time, which are now no longer in use. It illustrates an aspect of the history of NSW, when rail travel was the primary means of long-distance travel. It demonstrates the standard of sleeping accommodation considered appropriate for first-class passengers in the early twentieth century.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Sleeping Car TAM 504 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Sleeping Car TAM 504 has a high level of aesthetic significance. This carriage is an example of the stylistic approaches in vogue at the time of its construction, and the decorative style utilised in the carriage provides a physical record of this style. The carriage is a good example of the 72'6" cars that were the design of E.E. Lucy and which were became the standard for carriage design for over 25 years. It demonstrates high-quality joinery and craftsmanship in its features and fittings.

Sleeping Car TAM 504 has technical significance. The carriage is a good example of a timber-bodied car riding on a steel frame, a design and technology of railway carriages which has been superseded in NSW. The fittings and facilities in the carriage are examples of technologies and practices which are no longer practised.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Sleeping Car TAM 504 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Sleeping Car TAM 504 has a high level of research significance. The carriage has the potential to reveal information regarding the design and construction of the standard TAM car, the only type of 72'6" carriage to be built in any numbers and a standard carriage produced for the railways for over 25 years. The carriage has the potential to reveal information regarding the standard of accommodation provided for passengers in the mid-twentieth century, and to illustrate the ways in which carriages were often adapted to suit the changing demands and requirements of the railways.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Sleeping Car TAM 504 has a high level of rarity significance. It is considered rare as one of the last surviving examples of its type of carriage with its interior remaining intact.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Sleeping Car TAM 504 is a good representative example of a Main-Line sleeper carriage which was a major carriage design in the early twentieth century and was the standard accommodation for overnight travel in NSW for over fifty years. It is an example of E E Lucy’s designs for passenger carriages which were the locally designed standard vehicle of the NSW Railways for most of the twentieth century, and its interior fitout is representative of the decorative styles and materials in vogue at the time of construction.
Integrity/Intactness: Sleeping Car TAM 504 retains a moderate level of integrity and intactness. Whilst the exterior of the carriage has almost completely lost its original design, the interior retains its original form.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Assessment2000    No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenCooke, D; Estell. D; Seckold, D; Beckhaus. J.1999Coaching Stock of the NSW Railways, Volume 1

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807026


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