C 3045 - 'Bradfield' Suburban Car | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

C 3045 - 'Bradfield' Suburban Car

Item details

Name of item: C 3045 - 'Bradfield' Suburban Car
Other name/s: Bradfield Car, Lucy Car, 1921 Timber Bodied Motor Car
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: Thirlmere Railway Precinct, Thirlmere, NSW 2572
Local govt. area: Wollondilly
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Thirlmere Railway PrecinctThirlmereWollondilly  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

The 'Bradfield' Suburban Car (C 3045) has heritage significance as one of the first cars built between 1920-23 for the electric service in Sydney, and was the only one of its type constructed by Carriage Works Eveleigh. It was also one of the first stock in NSW built to the 1912 wide loading gauge, a gauge that was subsequently used for all suburban electric rolling stock until the advent of the 1972 series of stainless steel double deck rolling stock. Although restored, it is the only one of its type with evidence of its original condition and configuration. This item is an excellent representative example of an early suburban electric car and its design reflects world-wide trends to produce a vehicle that had both high capacity, reasonable comfort, sufficient seating for most occasions and ease of passenger movement within the vehicle. C3045 is rare of one of two Bradfield Power Cars to survive, and represents the first type of carriage specifically designed for Sydney Suburban Electric Train operation.
Date significance updated: 13 Nov 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: E.E. Lucy, Chief Mechanical Engineer, NSW Railways
Builder/Maker: Carriage Works Eveleigh
Construction years: 1923-1927
Physical description: A steel-sheathed, timber-bodied suburban car built by NSWGR, Eveleigh in 1923. Seating 73 2nd class passengers.

EXTERNAL
This vehicle is a 61’6" long, 10’6" wide timber framed, steel clad control motor car. It is mounted on two four-wheel bogies. The bodies have four single sliding doors per side for passenger movement. The roof ends followed the traditional Lucy half canopy with the three piece body end.

INTERNAL
The interior has transverse seating arranged on a three-two pattern, divided into three main sections by timber divisions. Windows have sliding timber louvres. The curved ceiling is timber panelled, with pendant light fittings. At one end a driver’s compartment and guard’s area is provided. Access to this area is by doorways which are separate to the passenger entrances. A roof mounted pantograph and associated electrical equipment is provided at the non driving end.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Very Good Condition
External Condition: Very Good Condition
Internal Condition: Very Good Condition

This car was restored by SRA apprentices prior to placement in the Rail Transport Museum. The car is generally a faithful representation of these vehicles from the 1930s onwards. From a visual point of view it would not take much to return this car to a trafficable state, but before that is done a complete mechanical analysis of the major structural components will need to be done.

EXTERNAL CONDITION
Some minor body damage was evident, but this can be easily repaired. The door at the No.1 end however is a later style and is not typical (this minor item could simply be replaced). Roof is in good condition, with the paint system intact. Doors and windows in very good condition with glazing, fittings and paint intact. Sheet steel sheathing over timber body frame is in good condition. The condition of the timber under the steel is unknown but is assumed to be sound and dry. The letterboards are good with paint intact. All paint is in good condition.

Steel underframe is in good condition but dirty with build-up of debris on webs of transverse structural members. There is light surface corrosion. Bogies are in fair condition, with intact paint. Brakes appear to be intact but are generally corroded especially links, pin and rods.

INTERNAL CONDITION
Ceiling is in good condition with paint intact. Light fittings and lenses are generally intact and in very good condition. Bulkheads are intact, and in good condition. All doors are intact and appear in good ex-service condition with fittings. All windows are intact and remain in good condition, complete with louvres. All seats are intact and in good condition with dark green monogrammed upholstery. All fittings are intact, including luggage racks. Flooring is in good condition, although the linoleum is split in way of the door sills.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Asbestos may be present in jointing materials in flanged connections, as insulation on body and electrical panels and in brake system components. Lead is assumed to be present in all remaining paint systems.
Date condition updated:11 Nov 09
Modifications and dates: June 1923 - entered service as a steam hauled car (No.2212)
December 1927 - converted to first class electric car CB 3045
c.1931 - original Lysaghts interlocking iron panelling fitted below the window line replaced by steel sheeting
1940 - converted again to second class electric car C 3045.
January 1973 - taken out of service in January 1973
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Suburban Car

History

Historical notes: Following construction at the Eveleigh Carriage Works, the car entered service as a steam hauled car (No.2212) in June 1923. It was converted to first class electric car CB 3045 December 1927. The original Lysaghts interlocking iron panelling fitted below the window line replaced by steel sheeting circa 1931. In 1940 the car was converted again to second class electric car C 3045. It was taken out of service in January 1973. It was subsequently restored by Railway Apprentices and placed on display at Rail Transport Museum, Thirlmere.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Creation of railway towns-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Railway workshops-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Suburban Car C 3045 has historical significance. The car was one of the first cars built between 1920-23 for the Sydney electric service, and was the only one of its type constructed by Carriage Works Eveleigh. It is commonly believed that this car was used as a test bed for various features because of the lengthy construction period which was spread over three and a half years.

The car has historical significance as 1919 wooden motor cars were the first NSW stock built to the 1912 wide loading gauge. This loading gauge was subsequently used for all suburban electric rolling stock until the advent of the 1972 series of stainless steel double deck rolling stock. Although this carriage entered service as steam hauled carriage, it was designed for conversion to electric operation, an event which took place between 1926 and 1928, and one of the most significant changes ever to be made on the NSW railways.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, the carriage is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Suburban Car C 3045 has a high level of aesthetic significance. The carriage has significance as one of the first carriages built specifically for an electrified rail network and, with its steel clad, timber framed body, is illustrative of the changing methods of carriage construction in the early twentieth century.

Suburban Car C 3045 has a high level of technical significance. The carriage has significance as one of the first cars built for the Sydney electric service, the single largest technological change to have occurred in the NSW railway system.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The C 3045 'Bradfield' Suburban Car is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Suburban Car C 3045 has a high level of research significance. The car was one of the first cars to be built for the Sydney electric service and has the potential to reveal information regarding this major change in rolling stock design and construction.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Suburban Car C 3045 has rarity significance at a State level. The car was one of the first cars built for the Sydney Electric service, and the only one built at Eveleigh. Although restored, it is the only one of its type still in original condition.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Suburban Car C 3045 is considered to be an excellent representative example of an early suburban electric car. Its design reflects world-wide trends to produce a vehicle that had both high capacity, reasonable comfort, sufficient seating for most occasions and ease of passenger movement within the vehicle.
Integrity/Intactness: Suburban Car C 3045 is highly intact and displays a high level of integrity. This vehicle exhibits all aspects which make it a significant suburban electric carriage and which should be preserved.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage Consultants  Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenDavid Cook et al1999Coaching Stock of the NSW Railways
WrittenGreen Air Services Pty Ltd2007SRA Rolling Stock Condition and Maintenance Assessment , Part 2
WrittenNSW Railways Mechanical Branch Monthly Reports
GraphicState Rail Authority Wooden Motor Car

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807159


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.