C 3102 - Leeds 1927 Suburban Motor Car | NSW Environment & Heritage

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C 3102 - Leeds 1927 Suburban Motor Car

Item details

Name of item: C 3102 - Leeds 1927 Suburban Motor Car
Other name/s: Ebb 2258
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: North Eveleigh Heritage Store, Eveleigh, NSW 2015
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
North Eveleigh Heritage StoreEveleighSydney  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Suburban Motor Car C 3102 has heritage significance as it formed part of the first electric train service in Sydney between Oatley and Central in 1926, and was one of 883 single deck steel cars that formed the backbone of the Sydney Suburban fleet from 1926 until the late 1980s. The car is part of the first group of all steel cars used on the NSW Railways, and represents a great advance in terms of design of passenger rolling stock. This car shows the use of rivets to join the steel sections together, for at the time of the car being designed welding was still in its infancy and not used extensively. This car is rare as one of two examples of this type that have survived from a group of fifty.
Date significance updated: 17 Dec 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: New South Wales Railways, Leeds Forge Co. England
Builder/Maker: Leeds Forge Co. England
Construction years: 1925-1925
Physical description: EXTERNAL
The car features a steel body and is of riveted construction. Original windows run the length of the car, with small metal bars fitted to the outside of the window frame at the bottom. Original windows also remain at both ends of the car (most other cars have rubber-set windows at the ends). Side entrance doors to the car are set at the quarter points of the car to allow good ingress and egress for the passengers. The car is painted Indian red with a silver roof. Thin cream coloured lined run above and below the window.

INTERNAL
The doorways divided the car into three distinct sections, with two short compartments at each end and a longer saloon in the middle. The pantograph was situated at the rear of the car, designated the no.1 end, while the driver’s cab was situated at the no.2 end of the car. The motor bogie was fitted with two 360hp motors made by the Metropolitan Vickers Co. of England. This bogie was at the no.1 end. A trailing (non motor) bogie was placed under the no.2 end. When built the inter-car communication doors consisted of two separate leaves but these were later replaced by a single leaf door.
Seating is of the 3 and 2 transverse pattern with an offset centre aisle.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Good Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
This car is in excellent condition outside and retains most of the features that it was built with. The car has been repainted in the 1950s external colour scheme. 8 wheel bearings noisy. 1&2 traction motors flashed over-motor to test. Generator missing.

INTERNAL CONDITION
Windows adjacent to doorways have been removed (replaced with steel panels) and the transverse seating in the smaller end saloons has been replaced with longitudinal seating. The inside retains the traditional white ceiling, buff window surrounds and dark brown below windows. Luggage racks have been removed.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Lead paint and possible minor asbestos in electrical controls.
Date condition updated:07 Sep 09
Modifications and dates: August 1925 - Numbered EBB 2258 in the steam locomotive hauled stock series.
February 1926 - Renumbered CB 3102 (first class car) when converted for electric service.
1940 - Renumbered C 3102 when altered to second class car.
February 1955 - Seating altered from all transverse to transverse and longitudinal.
Unknown date - Door pocket windows replaced with steel sheeting.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Suburban motor Car

History

Historical notes: Steel single deck power car C 3102 was built by Leeds Forge (UK) in 1925 and was one of 883 single deck steel cars that formed the backbone of the Sydney Suburban fleet from 1926 until the late 1980s. The car belongs to a sub group consisting of 50 vehicles that were built by Leeds Forge Co., England.

These 50 were assembled in England and then dismantled prior to shipment before being re-erected by Clyde Engineering and the NSW Railways. Forty nine of the cars were used in steam hauled service before conversion to electric stock. The car was numbered EBB 2258 in August 1925 as part of the steam locomotive hauled stock series. In February 1926 it was renumbered CB 3102 (first class car) when converted for electric service. This car was part of the first electric train to enter service, and ran on the inaugural Oatley-Central electric service on 1 March 1926. The car was recoded C 3102 in 1940 when it was altered to a second-class car. C3102 was the last Single Deck Suburban Carriage to be given a full overhaul at Elcar, this occurring some time after official policy dictated cessation of top overhauls for single deck carriages.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Impacts of railways on urban form-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Railway workshops-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Moving people to events and leisure activities-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Suburban Motor Car C 3102 has a high level of historical significance. This car is historically significant as it is one of the first group of carriages that was constructed entirely of steel. All previous carriage rolling stock was either timber or a combination of timber and steel. This car has historical significance as it formed part of the first electric train service in Sydney between Oatley and Central in 1926, and was one of 883 single deck steel cars that formed the backbone of the Sydney Suburban fleet from 1926 until the late 1980s.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Suburban Motor Car C 3102 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Suburban Motor Car C 3102 has aesthetic significance. This car has a pleasing and symmetrical appearance, and derives its outline from the 72’6 locomotive hauled passenger cars first built by E.E. Lucy in 1913.

Suburban Motor Car C 3102 has a high level of technical significance. Being a part of the first group of all steel cars used on the NSW Railways, this car represents a great advance in terms of design of passenger rolling stock. This car shows the use of rivets to join the steel sections together. At the time of the car being designed, welding was still in its infancy and not used extensively. The car is also technically significant as one of the earliest electric suburban carriages.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Suburban Motor Car C 3102 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Suburban Motor Car C 3102 has research significance. The car has the potential to reveal significant information regarding the development of both the use of all-steel construction cars on the NSW Railways, and the introduction of electrification to the Sydney suburban network.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Suburban Motor Car C 3102 has a high level of rarity significance. The car belongs to a group of 50 vehicles that were built by Leeds Forge Co., England in 1925 and assembled in England before being dismantled prior to shipment before being re-erected by Clyde Engineering and the NSW Railways. These carriages were the first of 883 single deck steel cars that formed the backbone of the Sydney Suburban fleet from 1926 until the late 1980s. This car is one of two of the first fifty that have survived.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Suburban Motor Car C 3102 is an excellent representative example of a typical Sydney suburban electric control motor car from the early twentieth century.
Integrity/Intactness: Suburban Motor Car C 3102 retains a high level of integrity and intactness. This car has been modified electrically, mechanically and bodily, and no longer fully represents the style of car as built. In this respect it does not differ significantly from C 3104.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage Consultants  Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenDavid Cooke et al1999Coaching Stock of the NSW Railways
WrittenGreen Air Services Pty Ltd2007SRA Rolling Stock Condition and Maintenance Assessment , Part 2
WrittenKeenan & Clarke1963First Stop Central
Management PlanNSW R Mechical Branch Monthly Reports
GraphicState Rail Authority Steel Control Car

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807163


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