C 3218 - Walsh Island 1927 Suburban Motor Car | NSW Environment & Heritage

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C 3218 - Walsh Island 1927 Suburban Motor Car

Item details

Name of item: C 3218 - Walsh Island 1927 Suburban Motor Car
Other name/s: N 3640
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: North Eveleigh Heritage Store, Eveleigh, NSW 2015
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
North Eveleigh Heritage StoreEveleighSydney  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Suburban Motor Car C 3218 has heritage significance as the only extant example of a steel control motor car which was built by the State Government Dockyard at Walsh Island Newcastle, an important State Government owned enterprise. Constructed in 1927, it was an early example of a carriage constructed entirely of steel, and as such represents a great advance in terms of design of passenger rolling stock, illustrating the use of rivets to join the steel sections together. This car was one of 883 single deck steel cars that formed the backbone of the Sydney Suburban fleet from 1926 until the late 1980s and is an excellent representative example of a typical Sydney suburban electric control motor car from the early twentieth century.
Date significance updated: 17 Dec 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Railways, (E.E. Lucy Chief Mechanical Engineer)
Builder/Maker: Walsh Island Dockyard, Newcastle
Construction years: 1927-1927
Physical description: EXTERNAL
The car features a steel body and is of riveted construction. Original windows run the length of the car, with small metal bars fitted to the outside of the window frame at the bottom. Side entrance doors to the car are set at the quarter points of the car to allow good ingress and egress for the passengers. The car is painted Indian red with a silver roof. Thin cream coloured lined run above and below the window. Rubber-set windows have been installed at the ends of the car.

INTERNAL
The doorways divided the car into three distinct sections, with two short compartments at each end and a longer saloon in the middle. The pantograph was situated at the rear of the car, designated the no.1 end, while the driver’s cab was situated at the no.2 end of the car. The motor bogie was fitted with two 360hp motors made by the Metropolitan Vickers Co. of England. This bogie was at the no.1 end. A trailing (non motor) bogie was placed under the no.2 end. When built the inter-car communication doors consisted of two separate leaves but these were later replaced by a single leaf door.
Seating is of the 3 and 2 transverse pattern with an offset centre aisle.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Good Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
Externally the body appears sound. Some minor rust should be rectified.

INTERNAL CONDITION
The interior is complete and in good condition. The transverse seating in the smaller end saloons has been replaced with longitudinal seating. The inside retains the traditional white ceiling. Luggage racks have been removed.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Lead paint and possible minor asbestos in electrical controls.
Date condition updated:11 Nov 09
Modifications and dates: March 1927 - Entered service as a second-class car N 3640, fitted with motors and control gear but no drivers cabin.
October 1928 - Converted to first class car (upgraded seating).
February 1930 - Reverted to second class car.
1930-40 - Drivers control gear fitted.
October 1940 - Seating capacity reduced.
October 1990 - Car condemned.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Suburban Motor Car

History

Historical notes: This car was built in 1927 at the State Government Dockyard at Walsh Island Newcastle, an important State Government owned enterprise. The car was built as a full integral steel-bodied car with two 360 hp traction motors, but with no drivers cabin. It entered service as a second-class car numbered N 3640. In October 1928 it was converted to a first class car (upgraded seating), but by February 1930 it reverted back to a second class car. Some time between 1930 and 1940, the car was converted to a full driving control car. In October 1940 the seating capacity was reduced.

The car was condemned in October 1990, and is now the only surviving example of a Walsh Island built control motor car.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Impacts of railways on urban form-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Railway workshops-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Suburban Motor Car C 3218 has a high level of historical significance. This is the only surviving example of a steel control motor car which was built by the State Government Dockyard at Walsh Island Newcastle, an important State Government owned enterprise. This car is historically significant as an early carriage constructed entirely of steel, with all previous carriage rolling stock being either timber or a combination of timber and steel. This car has historical significance as one of 883 single deck steel cars that formed the backbone of the Sydney Suburban fleet from 1926 until the late 1980s.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Suburban Motor Car C 3218 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Suburban Motor Car C 3218 has aesthetic significance. This car has a pleasing and symmetrical appearance, and derives its outline from the 72’6 locomotive hauled passenger cars first built by E.E. Lucy in 1913.

Suburban Motor Car C 3218 has a high level of technical significance. Being one of the earliest all-steel cars used on the NSW Railways, this car represents a great advance in terms of design of passenger rolling stock. This car shows the use of rivets to join the steel sections together. At the time of the car being designed, welding was still in its infancy and not used extensively. The car is also technically significant as one of the earliest electric suburban carriages.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Suburban Motor Car C 3218 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Suburban Motor Car C 3218 has research significance. The car has the potential to reveal significant information regarding the development of both the use of all-steel construction cars on the NSW Railways, and the introduction of electrification to the Sydney suburban network. This car is an example of steel car construction that contrasts with the timber body and steel underframe used on country passenger rolling stock.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Suburban Motor Car C 3218 has a high level of rarity significance. The car is considered very rare as the only surviving example of 50 steel control motor cars that were built by the State Government Dockyard at Walsh Island, Newcastle, an important State Government owned enterprise. Walsh Island Dockyard was an early proponent for the manufacture of steel railway carriages and this is an example of their work. This carriage is one of 883 single deck steel cars that formed the backbone of the Sydney Suburban fleet from 1926 until the late 1980s.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Suburban Motor Car C 3218 is an excellent representative example of a typical Sydney suburban electric control motor car from the early twentieth century.
Integrity/Intactness: Suburban Motor Car C 3218 retains a high level of integrity and intactness. This car retains all the features that make it a significant suburban electric carriage built by the Walsh Island Dockyard.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage Consultants  Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenGreen Air Services Pty Ltd2007SRA Rolling Stock Condition and Maintenance Assessment , Part 2
WrittenKeenan & Clarke1963First Stop Central
WrittenNSW R Mechanical Branch Monthly Reports
GraphicState Rail Authority Steel Car Control

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807165


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