C 3708 - Comeng 1955 Suburban Motor Car | NSW Environment & Heritage

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C 3708 - Comeng 1955 Suburban Motor Car

Item details

Name of item: C 3708 - Comeng 1955 Suburban Motor Car
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: North Eveleigh Heritage Store, Eveleigh, NSW 2015
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
North Eveleigh Heritage StoreEveleighSydney  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Suburban Motor Car C 3708 has heritage significance, as one of two intact control motor-cars, of forty cars built in 1955, representing the final development of the single deck steel car that first operated on the Sydney Suburban system from 1925. This car was one of the first set of suburban cars to be fitted with power-operated doors when built, now a standard design feature. These cars were also the first to be equipped with four motors per car (all previous cars had only two motors per car) and to be of all-welded construction (previous cars were either riveted or part riveted and part welded).
Date significance updated: 17 Dec 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Railways Commonwealth Engineering Co P/L
Builder/Maker: Commonwealth Engineering Co P/L
Physical description: EXTERNAL
This carriage is an all steel wide-bodied car with doors set at the quarter points to allow good ingress and egress into the car. It is clad in steel sheeting, painted Tuscan red. It has a mathoid roof with an elliptical form.

INTERNAL
The doors follow the style of the 1940 and 1950 type cars with a wide centre pillar effectively dividing the entrances into two single doorways. The entrance vestibules are correspondingly wider, increasing the standing room but decreasing the seating capacity. The car is divided into three distinct sections with two short compartments at each end and a longer saloon in the middle. Seating in the long saloon is of the 3 and 2 transverse style with an offset centre aisle. The seating in the small saloons and adjacent to the entrance vestibules in the centre saloon is longitudinal. The short saloon at the no. 2 end is fitted with a guard’s compartment. Enclosed within this latter area is the driver’s cab.

Mass: 52.5 tonnes
Length: 19850mm
Width: 3142mm
Height: 3924mm
Control Voltage: 120V DC
Supply Voltage: 1500V DC
Traction Motors: 4 x MV222 or AEI 149 200hp (150kW) (One per axle)
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Good Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
This car is in good condition outside. There appears to be no rust or damaged areas.

INTERNAL CONDITION
Internally, the car is complete and in good condition. Luggage racks have been removed and fluorescent lights installed.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Lead paint and possible minor asbestos in electrical controls.
Date condition updated:11 Nov 09
Modifications and dates: 1955 - constructed by Commonwealth Engineering Co Ltd, Granville, NSW
19 August 1958 - entered service as one of forty cars constructed for the electrification of the line to Penrith (C3701-C3740).
April 1994 - condemned
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Suburban Motor Car

History

Historical notes: Suburban Motor Car C 3708 was built by Commonwealth Engineering Co Ltd, Granville, NSW, in 1955 and entered service on 19 August 1958 as one of forty cars constructed for the electrification of the line to Penrith (C3701-C3740). The 1955 cars were the final development of the single deck steel car that first operated on the Sydney Suburban system in 1925. This car is one of the first eighty suburban cars to be fitted with power-operated doors as a standard design feature when built. (Some earlier cars had been fitted to test the feature). Since then all new suburban rolling stock has been so fitted with the exception of some double deck trailer cars designed to be operated with older vehicles. These cars were also the first to be equipped with four motors per car (all previous cars had only two motors per car) and to be of all welded construction (previous cars were either riveted or part riveted and part welded).

The control voltage of the 1955 cars was 120volts compared to the earlier cars 36volts. This meant that the 1955 car could not operate in multiple sets with the earlier vehicles, although these motor cars were later used with two double deck trailer cars per four-car set. The single deck car last operated in the late 1980s, and this car was condemned in April 1994. It is one of two 1955 control cars to survive in operable condition.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Impacts of railways on urban form-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Suburban Motor Car C 3708 has low historical significance. The car was built in 1955 and entered service in August 1958 as one of forty cars constructed for the electrification of the line to Penrith. The 1955 cars are significant as the final development of the single deck steel car that first operated on the Sydney Suburban system in 1925, and were the first cars to be fitted with power-operated doors as a standard design feature, the first to be equipped with four motors per car, and the first to be of all-welded construction.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Suburban Motor Car C 3708 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Suburban Motor Car C 3708 has low aesthetic significance. This car retains the appearance first adopted by E.E. Lucy in 1913 when the basic concept was first used on long distance passenger rolling stock.

Suburban Motor Car C 3708 has a high level of technical significance. The 1955 cars were the final development of the single deck steel car that first operated on the Sydney Suburban system in 1925. This car is significant as one of the first set of suburban cars to be fitted with power-operated doors when built, now a standard design feature. These cars were also the first to be equipped with four motors per car (all previous cars had only two motors per car) and to be of all welded construction (previous cars were either riveted or part riveted and part welded). The use of four motors per car was a great advance as it gave the cars better traction characteristics, enabling them to regularly haul two double deck trailer cars from 1964 onwards.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Suburban Motor Car C 3708 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Suburban Motor Car C 3708 has low research significance with the potential to reveal information regarding the final stages of the development of the single deck suburban electric car, including the introduction of power-operated doors, steel carriage construction and the use of four motors per car.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Suburban Motor Car C 3708 has a moderate level of rarity significance. The car is one of two intact 1955 control motor-cars.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Suburban Motor Car C 3708 is an excellent representative example of a 1955 steel motor-car.
Integrity/Intactness: Suburban Motor Car C 3708 retains a high level of integrity and intactness.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage Consultants  Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenGreen Air Services Pty Ltd2007SRA Rolling Stock Condition and Maintenance Assessment , Part 2
WrittenKeenan & Clarke1963First Stop Central
WrittenNSW R Mechanical Branch Monthly Reports
GraphicState Rail Authority Steel Control Car

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807171


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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