T 4527 - Walsh Island 1927 Suburban Trailer Car | NSW Environment & Heritage

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T 4527 - Walsh Island 1927 Suburban Trailer Car

Item details

Name of item: T 4527 - Walsh Island 1927 Suburban Trailer Car
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: North Eveleigh Heritage Store, Eveleigh, NSW 2015
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
North Eveleigh Heritage StoreEveleighSydney  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Suburban Trailer Car T 4527 has heritage significance as it is an early carriage constructed entirely of steel and built by the State Government Dockyard at Walsh Island Newcastle, an important State Government owned enterprise. This car has historical significance as one of 883 single deck steel cars that formed the backbone of the Sydney Suburban fleet from 1926 until the late 1980s. The carriage is considered rare as one of two standard trailer cars to remain intact, and is the only standard trailer car to remain in the NSW Government Railway Collection.
Date significance updated: 17 Dec 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Railways, (E.E. Lucy Chief Mechanical Engineer)
Builder/Maker: Walsh Island Dockyard, Newcastle
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Suburban Trailer Car T 4527 is a full integral steel wide-bodied car with doors set at the quarter points to allow good ingress and egress into the car. The car is in original external condition with the exception of new rubber sealed end windows at the carriage ends.

INTERNAL
The doorways divide the car into three distinct sections with two short compartments at each end and a longer saloon in the middle. Seating was originally 3 and 2 transverse style with a offset centre aisle. The seating in the small saloons was later replaced with longitudinal seating. A small open guards compartment is fitted at one end. Because of their exposed nature, these compartments were known as "Freezeboxes". The freezebox compartment was later enlarged as more comfortable conditions for the guard were provided.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Good Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
This car is in good condition externally. It is fitted with modern bogies which will enable it to continue in operation as a trafficable exhibit suitable for use on tours. Wheels are in good condition. Paint is intact and in good condition.

INTERNAL CONDITION
The interior is in good condition with the exception of the floor covering which needs to be replaced.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Lead paint and possible minor asbestos in electrical controls.
Date condition updated:24 Sep 09
Modifications and dates: 1927 - Built by State Government Dockyard at Walsh Island Newcastle.
October 1928 - Entered service as a standard trailer.
Early 1960s - Guard’s compartment enlarged.
c.1970 - Rubber sealed windows fitted to car ends. Luggage racks removed, transverse seating replaced with longitudinal seating in end saloons.
February 1991 - Condemned.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Suburban Trailer Car

History

Historical notes: This car was built in 1927 at the State Government Dockyard at Walsh Island Newcastle, an important State Government owned enterprise. The car was built as a full integral steel-bodied car and was one of 248 trailer cars built by Walsh Island Dockyard. It entered service as a standard trailer in October 1928. In the early 1960s the guard’s compartment was enlarged.

The car was condemned in February 1991, and is now the only standard trailer car to remain in the NSW Government Railway Collection.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Impacts of railways on urban form-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Suburban Trailer Car T 4527 has a high level of historical significance. This car is historically significant as an early carriage constructed entirely of steel, with all previous carriage rolling stock being either timber or a combination of timber and steel. This car has historical significance as one of 883 single deck steel cars that formed the backbone of the Sydney Suburban fleet from 1926 until the late 1980s. All 1927 type standard trailer cars were built by Walsh Island Dockyard at Newcastle in three contracts, two of 100 each and one of 48 cars.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Suburban Trailer Car T 4527 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Suburban Trailer Car T 4527 has aesthetic significance. This car has a pleasing and symmetrical appearance, and derives its outline from the 72’6 locomotive hauled passenger cars first used on long distance passenger rolling stock and designed by E.E. Lucy in 1913.

Suburban Trailer Car T 4527 has a high level of technical significance. Being one of the earliest all-steel cars used on the NSW Railways, this car represents a great advance in terms of design of passenger rolling stock and contrasts with the timber body and steel underframe used on country passenger rolling stock. This car shows the use of rivets to join the steel sections together. At the time of the car being designed, welding was still in its infancy and not used extensively. The car is also technically significant as one of the earliest electric suburban trailer cars.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Suburban Trailer Car T 4527 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Suburban Trailer Car T 4527 has a moderate level of research significance. The car has the potential to reveal information regarding the development of both the use of all-steel construction cars on the NSW Railways, and the introduction of electrification to the Sydney suburban network. This car is an example of steel car construction that contrasts with the timber body and steel underframe used on country passenger rolling stock.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Suburban Trailer Car T 4527 has a high level of rarity significance. This carriage is one of 883 single deck steel cars that formed the backbone of the Sydney Suburban fleet from 1926 until the late 1980s. It is considered rare as one of two standard trailer cars to remain intact, and is the only standard trailer car to remain in the NSW Government Railway Collection.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Suburban Trailer Car T 4527 is a good representative example of a 1927 steel trailer car. It represents a typical trailer car from an eight-car set, and is one of 883 single deck steel cars that formed the backbone of the Sydney Suburban fleet from 1926 until the late 1980s.
Integrity/Intactness: suburban Trailer Car T 4527 retains a high level of integrity and intactness. This car exhibits all the features that make it a significant suburban electric carriage.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage Consultants  Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenKeenan & Clarke1963First Stop Central
WrittenNSW R Mechanical Branch Monthly Reports
GraphicState Rail Authority Steel Control Car

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807175


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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