Cf 5015 - Comeng 1955 Inter-urban Motor Car | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Cf 5015 - Comeng 1955 Inter-urban Motor Car

Item details

Name of item: Cf 5015 - Comeng 1955 Inter-urban Motor Car
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: North Eveleigh Heritage Store, Eveleigh, NSW 2015
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
North Eveleigh Heritage StoreEveleighSydney  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Inter-Urban Motor Car CF 5015 has heritage significance, as an example of early attempts by the Railways to provide high speed, frequent and comfortable transport to the near country areas surrounding Sydney during the mid 20th century. They were specifically designed for the electrified section of railway over the Blue Mountains to Lithgow and later to Gosford, Newcastle and Wollongong, replacing old timber bodied stock that had been used for many years behind steam locomotives. These cars were also significant for the first use of stainless steel on passenger rolling stock on the NSW Railways. Previous steel cars had been riveted or welded using conventional techniques. With their polished unpainted fluted stainless steel sheathing, standard NSW Railways tapered shape at the driver’s end and large headlamp mounted above the centre inter-car connection door, these cars presented a distinctive appearance that reflected the standard of modern carriage design at the time. This distinctive appearance has however been affected somewhat by the installation of Beclawat windows to this carriage in the 1970s. The car is rare as one of three relatively intact examples, capable of being operated in a four- or six- car set.
Date significance updated: 17 Dec 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Commonwealth Engineering P/L
Builder/Maker: Commonwealth Engineering P/L
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Single deck stainless steel control motor car. This car has polished unpainted fluted stainless steel sheathing, standard NSW Railways tapered shape at the driver’s end and large headlamp mounted above the centre inter-car connection door. In contrast to earlier electric stock, the 1955 cars were fitted with two motor bogies, each equipped with two motors, giving four 180 hp traction motors in all. This contributed to the better acceleration and speed characteristics of the car.

INTERNAL
The car has entrance doors set at each end of the passenger compartment creating a long saloon. The driver’s compartment is incorporated into the guard’s area at the front of the vehicle. Toilets are located at the non driving end of the car, one toilet being nominated for each sex. Seating is two and two transverse style. Beclawat windows have been installed. The car is fitted with electric heating.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Good Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
This car is in reasonable condition. The body has been strengthened at some stage, with additional Huckbolts fitted to secure body to subframe. Later style Beclawat windows have also been fitted and are in good condition. Wheels are in poor condition.

INTERNAL CONDITION
The interior is intact although some lampshades are missing. The original 3-roll back seating fitted to the car has been replaced with a modified style and is in good condition.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Lead paint in the interior, possible small amounts of asbestos in electrical control gear.
Date condition updated:09 Sep 09
Modifications and dates: 1958 - constructed by Commonwealth Engineering Co Ltd, Granville, NSW
November 1959 - entered service
mid 1970s - Beclawat windows installed
April 1997 - condemned
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Inter-Urban Motor Car

History

Historical notes: Inter-Urban Motor Car CF 5015 was built by Commonwealth Engineering in 1958 and entered service in November 1959. The car was a full integral stainless steel car with four 180 hp traction motors, and represented the first use of stainless steel on passenger rolling stock on the NSW Railways. The cars were specifically designed for the electrified section of railway over the Blue Mountains to Lithgow and later to Gosford, Newcastle and Wollongong, replacing the old timber bodied stock that had been used for many years behind steam locomotives. Their rapid acceleration and high average speed allowed journeys to the near country areas to be shorter, thus popularising the Blue Mountains and Central Coast as dormitory areas for the Sydney metropolitan area.

The only significant change to the car has been the installation of Beclawat windows during the mid 1970s. It was condemned in April 1997.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Creation of railway towns-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Impacts of railways on urban form-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Railway workshops-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Railway tourism-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Inter-Urban Motor Car CF 5015 has historical significance. This type of car is significant as the first attempt by the Railways to provide high speed, frequent and comfortable transport to the near country areas surrounding Sydney. Electric trains replaced the slow and dirty steam trains which previously performed the task. This car is also historically significant as it is amongst the first carriages to be constructed using the spot-welded method of construction.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Inter-Urban Motor Car CF 5015 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Inter-Urban Motor Car CF 5015 has a high level of aesthetic significance. With their polished unpainted fluted stainless steel sheathing, standard NSW Railways tapered shape at the driver’s end and large headlamp mounted above the centre inter-car connection door, these cars presented a distinctive appearance to the passenger and rail enthusiast alike that reflected the standard of modern carriage design at the time.

Inter-Urban Motor Car CF 5015 has a high level of technical significance. The construction of these carriages marked another important step in the development of alternative materials for carriage construction. Previous steel cars had been riveted or welded using conventional techniques. The welding of these cars was of the Spot type, developed by E. Budd in the USA. This method of construction was to have a great impact on future development of rolling stock design and construction in NSW.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Inter-Urban Motor Car CF 5015 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Inter-Urban Motor Car CF 5015 has a high level of research significance. The carriage has the potential to reveal information regarding the development of alternative materials for carriage construction, particularly the use of Spot type welding. This method of construction was to have a great impact on future development of rolling stock design and construction in NSW.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Inter-Urban Motor Car CF 5015 has a high level of rarity significance. This car is one of three still intact and capable of being operated in a four- or six- car set.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Inter-Urban Motor Car CF 5015 is a good representative example of an early inter-urban car. This carriage is also representative of the attempts by the Railways to reduce maintenance costs with the substitution of the original windows by the Beclawat style. Although these destroyed the streamlined appearance of the car they were successful in reducing maintenance costs. These windows also increased passenger comfort as they did not open of their own accord when the train was in motion.
Integrity/Intactness: Inter-Urban Motor Car CF 5015 has a moderate level of integrity and intactness. This carriage has all the characteristics that make it a good example of mid 20th century carriage design and construction, although the integrity of the design has been adversely affected by the later installation of Beclawat windows.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage Consultants  Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenGreen Air Services Pty Ltd2007SRA Rolling Stock Condition and Maintenance Assessment , Part 2
WrittenKeenan & Clarke1963First Stop Central
WrittenNSW R Mechanical Branch Monthly Reports
GraphicState Rail Authority Steel Control Car

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807181


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