Locomotive, Steam 1905 (With Tender T 284) | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Locomotive, Steam 1905 (With Tender T 284)

Item details

Name of item: Locomotive, Steam 1905 (With Tender T 284)
Other name/s: 97
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: Thirlmere Railway Precinct, Thirlmere, NSW 2572
Local govt. area: Wollondilly
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Thirlmere Railway PrecinctThirlmereWollondilly  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Locomotive 1905 has heritage significance as the first member of the A95 class of locomotive to enter service in 1877. The class is associated with the expansion of goods traffic on the developing system and the need for increased power, particularly the Tarana - Oberon branch line. Locomotive 1905 is exceptionally significant for its association with the Sydney Harbour Bridge, both in the construction of the bridge as a ballast train, and as the first locomotive to travel across the bridge on 19 January 1932. Undergoing a number of significant changes c.1900, locomotive 1905 has significance for its ability to demonstrate in the cab the stylistic signature of the Chief Mechanical Engineer, William Thow and his penchant to achieve a ‘family’ likeness for all his locomotives. It is a rare example of the six-coupled goods locomotive from the second generation of motive power on the system. Six-wheel tender 284 is significant as one of 17 tenders built by Dubs & Company, Glasgow in the period 1884-86 and is a rare remaining example of its type.
Date significance updated: 13 Nov 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Beyer, Peacock and Company, Gorton Manchester England
Builder/Maker: Beyer, Peacock and Company, Gorton Manchester England
Physical description: Locomotive 1905 is a two-cylinder, simple, non-condensing, saturated, coal-fired, 0-6-0 steam locomotive, built by Beyer Peacock, Manchester, in 1877.

EXTERNAL
It has small diameter wheels for goods working and is fitted with a six-wheel tender with outside springs of riveted construction. It is built on an inside plate mainframe, with inside cylinders and fitted with inside Stephenson link valve motion. The engine is of typically British outline, though some modifications carried during the its service life, have significantly altered the appearance. The locomotive is fitted with a Belpaire firebox and enclosed cab after the style of NSWGR Chief Mechanical Engineer William Thow. It has been provided with a boiler-mounted turbo-generator powering a headlight and electric marker lights. It is fitted with long buffers and retains the original drawgear with screw.

The locomotive and tender are fitted with hook couplings. The locomotive in finished in red-lined black, the numbers being painted in white on the buffer beam and tender rear side. All wheels are spoked, run in plain journal bearings with lubricators feeding the axleboxes.

Tender 284, is a six-wheel tender, one of 17 tenders built by Dubs & Company, Glasgow, in the period 1884-86. The wheels are of the spoked type and ride in conventional axleboxes. The riveted tank is built on a riveted underframe with a capacity of 2,000 gallons of water and 5 tons of coal. It is painted in unlined black with the numbers being painted in white on the tender rear side.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Good Condition

Locomotive 1905 is currently on display under cover. It has not been operational since it was withdrawn from NSWGR service.

EXTERNAL CONDITION
The frames are in good condition with an intact anti-corrosive paint system. Cylinders are in good condition with intact anti-corrosive paint system in place. Driving wheels are in very worn condition with tyres extruded on the rims. There is minor surface corrosion on all machined surfaces. All items of motion are in good condition, though minor surface corrosion is evident on all items.
The boiler cladding is in very good condition with an intact paint system, though the external boiler condition is unknown.
Brakes are intact. The Westinghouse compressor, steam cylinder cladding and paint is also in very good condition.
The cab roof and structure is in very good condition with paint system intact. The canvas deck is missing from the cab roof. Cab spectacle plates and windows (2) are also intact and in good condition.

INTERNAL CONDITION
Boiler and smokebox internal condition is unknown.
All boiler mountings in the cab appear intact and in good condition.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
There is a risk of asbestos being present on the boiler exterior. It may also be present in jointing materials on pipe flanges, lead is presumed present where any older paint survives.

TENDER T 284:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Poor Condition

Tender T 284 is currently on display under cover. It has not been operational since it was withdrawn from NSWGR service.

EXTERNAL CONDITION
The underframe is in good condition with only minor surface corrosion, some wastage on footplate, paint intact. Wheels are in good condition. Brakes are intact, with light surface corrosion. Tank in good condition, though tank top plate is heavily wasted. The paint system is intact. Fittings are intact, (electrical circuits, conduit, fittings intact, along with left and right-hand marker lamps). Coal space side-plates in the bunker display heavy wastage, with an intact anti-corrosive paint system.

INTERNAL CONDITION
Internal condition of the tank is unknown.
Bottom and side plates of the bunker are heavily wasted.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Asbestos may be present in jointing material on all pipe flanges. Assume lead is present in all original paint systems.
Date condition updated:03 Aug 09
Modifications and dates: 1877 - constructed by Beyer Peacock & Co. of Manchester, England
August 1877 - placed in service , carrying the road number 97 of the then "93" class (and builder's number 1647)
1884-86 - Tender 284 built by Dubs & Company, Glasgow in the period
1888 - the class became the "A93" Class
Late 1880s - modified with new boilers, fitted with Belpaire fireboxes, enclosed cabs, Westinghouse brakes and suspension improvements
1924 - renumbered 1905
1931 - repairs to engine
During WW2 - set aside at Enfield
1943 - returned to active service
November 1962 - withdrawn from service
September 1965 - major overhaul, including electric lights were fitted to the engine
May 1968 - withdrawn from service
17 June 1975 - transferred to the Rail Transport Museum
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Locomotive

History

Historical notes: Locomotive 1905 is one of the original order for six (later increased to 18) 0-6-0 goods locomotives placed with Beyer Peacock & Co. of Manchester, England, in November 1875. The class was built to replace the earlier E17 class to handle the increasing goods traffic on the then rapidly expanding system. The new locomotives shared the long boiler and firebox behind the rear drivers, in common with the Stephenson patented long boiler of the E17 class. Completed early in 1877, the engine was shipped to Sydney on the vessel "Portia", arriving in June of that year.

Carrying the road number 97 of the then "93" class (and builder's number 1647), the engine was placed in service on the Great Southern and Western Railway, radiating from Sydney, in August 1877. In the 1888 reclassification the class became the "A93" Class. By the late 1880s the A93 class had been supplanted from mainline freight workings by larger motive power, and the new Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Railways, William Thow, had them modified with new boilers, fitted with Belpaire fireboxes, enclosed cabs, Westinghouse brakes and suspension improvements. In this form they were to survive on rural branch lines and in shunting service until the demise of steam in the early 1970s.

Number 97 was renumbered 1905 in 1924, and the engine went into workshop in 1931 after a period at Temora. After emerging from the workshops in mid-1931 the loco was sent to Enfield and then shortly afterward to Eveleigh, along with seven other class members.

Locomotive 1905 was hired to the Public Works Department to work ballast trains on the Sydney Harbour Bridge construction. On 19 January 1932, it became the first locomotive to cross the Harbour Bridge when it hauled a train consisting of two vans from the north side to the south, testing expansion joints, and then propelled back to North Sydney. A photo stop was held in the middle of the centre span.

During WW2, locomotive 1905 was set aside at Enfield, only to be restored to active service again in early 1943. Apart from a spell at Broadmeadow from 1943 to 1946, locomotive 1905 remained in the Eveleigh-Enfield area until it was withdrawn from service in November 1962, after which it was stored at Eveleigh.

An increasing need for shunting locomotives resulted in 1905 being given a major overhaul at Eveleigh between August and September 1965. Electric lights were fitted to the engine at this time. The loco was then allocated to Eveleigh and was seen working in the Darling Harbour and Rozelle areas before it was eventually withdrawn from service at Enfield in May 1968.

Condemned on the 21 October 1968, it was transferred to the Rail Transport Museum and finally arrived at Thirlmere on 17 June 1975.

Tender 284, is a six-wheel tender, one of 17 tenders built by Dubs & Company, Glasgow in the period 1884-86. When on branch line duties a 'Baldwin' type bogie tender was fitted to several members of the class, but there is no evidence that 1905 was so fitted. Following restoration c.2004, Locomotive 1905 has been interpreted as a branch line engine with Baldwin tender.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Shaping inland settlements-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Locomotive 1905 has historical significance as the first locomotive to cross the Sydney Harbour Bridge, hauling a work train. The class is associated with the expansion of goods traffic on the developing system and the need for increased power. It is also associated with a number of significant branch lines such as Tarana - Oberon. The locomotive is able to demonstrate the asset management practices of the former NSWGR as a locomotive that survived in service for 91 years.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Locomotive 1905 has associational significance due to its association with the Sydney Harbour Bridge, both in the construction of the bridge as a ballast train, and as the first locomotive to travel across the bridge on 19 January 1932.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Locomotive 1905 has a high level of aesthetic significance. The locomotive demonstrates the British heritage of the NSWGR with tall chimney, large dome, low wheels, low running plate and small splashers. It has significance for its ability to demonstrates in the cab the stylistic signature of the Chief Mechanical Engineer, William Thow and his penchant to achieve a ‘family’ likeness for all his locomotives.

Locomotive 1905 has a high level of technical significance. The locomotive demonstrates, through technical modification during its service life, the ultimate development of the six coupled goods locomotive and by this it demonstrates the continuous development of existing classes. Locomotive 1905 is technically significant as is demonstrated the high quality of its initial design, technology and construction and its subsequent longevity.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The 1905 Steam Locomotive (with Tender T 284) is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values, particularly as this locomotive was the first locomotive to cross the Sydney Harbour Bridge, a major social and engineering landmark in the history of NSW.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Locomotive 1905 has a moderate level of research significance. The locomotive is an important early imported locomotive design and demonstrates later changes made by Chief Mechanical Engineer William Thow to make the engine more suited to Australian conditions.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Locomotive 1905 is a rare example of the six-coupled goods locomotive from the second generation of motive power on the system. Six-wheel tender 284 is significant as one of 17 tenders built by Dubs & Company, Glasgow in the period 1884-86 and is a rare remaining example of its type.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Locomotive 1905 is a good representative example of an A95 class goods locomotive of 1877 with modifications, which became the standard format for motive power in that era.
Integrity/Intactness: Locomotive 1905 has a high level of integrity and intactness. The locomotive was dismantled and restored c.2004, with tender T 284 being coupled to it for display purposes. The modifications that the engine has undergone c.1900 were carried out to all members of the class, and 1905 is an excellent example of this widely used steam locomotive.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage ConsultantsSteven Adams Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenDavid Sheedy Architects Pty Ltd2007NSW RTM Rolling Stock Condition Reports - Part 2: Vehicles for Retention
WrittenGrunbach, A1989A Compendium of New South Wales Steam Locomotives
WrittenRTM2004Locomotive, steam 1905 CMP

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807215


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