Locomotive, Steam 2510 | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Locomotive, Steam 2510

Item details

Name of item: Locomotive, Steam 2510
Other name/s: 2510 (From 1924) B(214) (From 1891)
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: Thirlmere Railway Precinct, Thirlmere, NSW 2572
Local govt. area: Wollondilly
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Thirlmere Railway PrecinctThirlmereWollondilly  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Steam Locomotive 2510 has heritage significance as it demonstrates the continuing attempts to develop mainline engines to cope with the increasing goods traffic and expansion of the rail system in the 1880s, and also the continuing trend to construct engines in large number overseas. Locomotive 2510 is a good and attractive example of typically British design with a low running plate with splashers, cast iron chimney and steel dome cover, constructed in 1882. The locomotive demonstrates the progressive development of the mainline goods engine with increasingly powerful boilers, and was a member of the first class of ‘Moguls’ to be introduced onto the system. This locomotive also shows the increasing use of steel (as opposed to wrought iron) for frames and boiler plating for locomotives. Locomotive 2510 is rare as one of a small number of mainline goods engines surviving from the late 19th century. It is also a good representative example, although slightly modified, of a goods engine from the 1880s prior to the arrival of the standard goods classes.
Date significance updated: 13 Nov 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Beyer Peacock and Company, Gorton Manchester
Builder/Maker: Beyer Peacock and Company, Gorton Manchester
Physical description: Locomotive 2510 is a two cylinder, non-condensing, coal-fired, saturated 2-6-0 ‘ Mogul‘ type steam engine.

EXTERNAL
It has small diameter wheels for goods working, a low running plate and small splashers over the driving wheels. All wheels are spoked, run in plain journal bearings with lubricators feeding the axleboxes. The locomotive and tender are fitted with hook couplings. The outside cylinders are fitted with tail rods, the valves being operated by Stephenson link motion. The side and connecting rods are plain section. The boiler has a Belpaire firebox and cast iron chimney. The locomotive is provided with electric power driven from a boiler-mounted turbo-generator, driving a headlight and marker lamps. The locomotive has an enclosed cab of timber construction and is finished in un-lined black with red buffer beams and running plate edges. It is fitted with a six-wheel tender of riveted construction.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Good Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
The frames and cylinders are in good condition with intact anti-corrosive paint system in place. Driving and pony truck wheels are in good condition. There is minor surface corrosion on all machined surfaces. All items of motion are in good condition, though minor surface corrosion is evident on all items: valve gear, slides, and rods. Connecting rods and big end caps are missing and would require manufacture.
Underside of footplate is demonstrating light surface corrosion with little protective paint system remaining.
Boiler (from 2553) cladding is in very good condition, though the external boiler condition is unknown. The paint system is intact, though oxidation and fading is generally evident, especially on the dome and chimney.
Brakes are intact. The Westinghouse compressor, steam cylinder cladding and paint is also in very good condition.
The timber cab roof and structure is in very good condition with paint system intact.

INTERNAL CONDITION
Boiler and smokebox internal condition is unknown. All boiler mountings appear intact and in very good condition.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
There is a risk of asbestos being present on the boiler exterior. It may also be present in jointing materials on pipe flanges. Lead is presumed present where any original paint survives.
Date condition updated:11 Nov 09
Modifications and dates: 1882 - built by Beyer Peacock and Company, Gorton Manchester as works number 2082
mid-1891 - entered service, having been allocated the road number 214
c1911 - new boilers fitted with Belpaire fireboxes, installation of a new enclosed timber cab, piston tailrods and increased coal capacity. A turbo generator and headlamp has also been fitted. Renumbered 2510
1975 - withdrawn and transferred to the Rail Transport Museum
Subsequently - restored
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Steam goods locomotive

History

Historical notes: Locomotive 2510 was built by Beyer Peacock and Company, Gorton Manchester as works number 2082 in 1882. It entered service in mid-1891 having been allocated the road number 214. The class was ordered to provide urgently required motive power, and the design was a development of the earlier A(93) class of 1877 with the addition of a Bissell pony truck. The class had a major share of mainline goods traffic and were only displaced by the first of the T class standard goods engines before they were placed in secondary service and were outshopped with new boilers fitted with Belpaire fireboxes from 1911.

Renumbered 2510, the locomotive continued to work on branch lines and in Newcastle coal traffic. The majority of the class were scrapped prior to the second world war, others were sold for further industrial use. The last of the class on the state system were engaged in branch traffic and shunting operations until the early 1960s. 2510 was set aside and transferred to the Rail Transport Museum, arriving at Thirlmere in 1975. The engine has since been the subject of a restoration project, now complete.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Shaping inland settlements-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Locomotive 2510 has a high level of historical significance. The locomotive demonstrates the continuing attempts to develop mainline engines to cope with the increasing goods traffic and expansion of the system in the 1880s, and also the continuing trend to construct engines in large number overseas.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Locomotive 2510 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Locomotive 2510 has aesthetic significance, as an attractive example of typically British locomotive design with a low running plate with splashers, cast iron chimney and steel dome cover. The timber cabs fitted to most members of the class when new boilers were installed in the early in the 20th century are most unusual for the NSWGR, being more representative of American practice. These modifications gave the locomotive a unique appearance among the goods locomotives in operation on the NSW railways.

Locomotive 2510 has a high level of technical significance. The locomotive demonstrates the progressive development of the mainline goods engine with increasingly powerful boiler, and was a member of the first class of ‘Moguls’ to be introduced onto the system. Locomotive 2510 demonstrates the modifications made to improve performance over the service life of this class of engine, and demonstrates increasing use of steel (as opposed to wrought iron) for frames and boiler plating.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Locomotive, Steam 2510 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Locomotive 2510 has a moderate level of research significance for its potential to illustrate the various changes that were often made to goods steam locomotives in order to prolong their working life and to meet the changing requirements of the NSW railway system.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Locomotive 2510 is rare as one of a small number of mainline goods engines surviving from this period.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Locomotive 2510 is a good representative example of a goods engine from the 1880s prior to the arrival of the standard goods classes. It is also representative of the modifications that were often carried out in NSW railway workshops to meet the changing motive power requirements of the NSWGR.
Integrity/Intactness: The engine retains a high level of integrity and intactness: it remains in ex-service configuration. It is intact with the exception of connecting rods, and has been restored in preservation.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage ConsultantsSteven Adams Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenGrunbach, A1989A Compendium of New South Wales Steam Locomotives
WrittenHills, RI & Patrick, D1992Beyer, Peacock - Locomotive Builders to the World
WrittenOberg, L1975Locomotives of Australia
WrittenRTM2002Steam Locomotive 2510 CMP

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807218


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