Locomotive, Steam 3085 | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage


Locomotive, Steam 3085

Item details

Name of item: Locomotive, Steam 3085
Other name/s: 1006
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: Goulburn Locomotive Roundhouse Museum, Goulburn, NSW 2580
Local govt. area: Goulburn Mulwaree
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Goulburn Locomotive Roundhouse MuseumGoulburnGoulburn Mulwaree  Primary Address


Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Steam Locomotive 3085 has heritage significance as a member of a type of locomotive that was engaged in branch line work from 1928 until the end of steam traction in 1972, and is associated with the development of the Sydney suburban network as an urban transit system. Locomotive 3085 is an example of the most successful class of tank locomotives built for the Sydney suburban system. It also represents the last of three classes of standard locomotives, closely associated with the Chief Mechanical Engineer of the NSWGR, William Thow, together with Beyer Peacock, that brought the NSWGR into the 20th century and Federation. Their introduction promoted the development of Sydney as a modern city based upon an expanding and intensively worked suburban transit system. It is rare as one of only a handful of suburban tank locomotives surviving from a once very large class, and remains essentially in ex-service condition.
Date significance updated: 13 Nov 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: William Thow and Beyer Peacock, Manchester
Builder/Maker: NSWGR, Eveleigh Workshops
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Locomotive 3085 is a two-cylinder, simple, non-condensing, saturated, coal-fired ‘Baltic’ type, 4-6-4 steam tank locomotive. It has large diameter spoked wheels for speed, low running board with slightly inclined cylinders and a four wheel trailing truck. It has inside plate frames, with inside Allan straight link valve motion, an alligator crosshead and fluted coupling and connecting rods. It is fitted with a Belpaire firebox, four side tanks of riveted construction, an enclosed cab with an extended coal bunker. It is fitted with hook drawgear. All wheels are spoked, run in plain journal bearings with drip-feed oil axle boxes. The engine is painted in unlined black with road numbers painted in white on the front buffer beam, yellow on the bunker rear, and with white-painted brass numbers on the tank sides.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Poor Condition
External Condition: Poor Condition
Internal Condition: Poor Condition

Many fittings have been removed, most boiler mountings in the cab are missing and the locomotive is in very poor overall condition. The locomotive is in ex-service condition, thus has high research potential.

The timber cab roof is severely rotted and there is extensive corrosion on the cab floor.

Asbestos disturbance potential. Lead paint may have been used owing to age of vehicle.
Date condition updated:23 Oct 09
Modifications and dates: 1912 - Built by Eveleigh Workshops, works No. 52. Allocated road number 1006 (part of the S class).
1924 - Renumbered 3085 (as part of the C30 class).
February 1973 - Withdrawn from service.
1975 - Arrived at Thirlmere.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Passenger Locomotive


Historical notes: Locomotive 3085 was constructed by NSWGR, Eveleigh Workshops, as works number 52 in 1912. It entered service on the NSWR, being allocated road number 1006. Along with the other 144 members of the S class, it was built to haul the increasingly heavier trains on the expanding Sydney suburban network. As a member of the S class, 1006 replaced a number of smaller engines of various classes and allowed for improved timetable running in Sydney as well as passenger services in the Newcastle and Wollongong areas. The class performed particularly well on the steeply graded North Shore, Main North and Illawarra lines. The class was renumbered in 1924 as the C30 class with 1006 being allocated the new road number 3085.

The monopoly of the class on suburban workings came to an end with the advent of electrification in 1926, which saw most of the class made redundant in that service. Seventy-seven of the class were rebuilt into 4-6-0 tender engines for branch line work while the remainder were redeployed on outer suburban workings on non-electrified lines. The engines were long lived in this service and were only finally removed with the arrival of the 48 class diesel-electric locomotives in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Some members of the class survived until the late 1960s with 3085 surviving until the very end of steam, being officially withdrawn from service in February 1973.

Following withdrawal the engine was transferred to the custodianship of the New South Wales Rail Transport Museum, finally arriving at Thirlmere in 1975 where it is on display.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Shaping inland settlements-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Transporting troops and equipment-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Steam Locomotive 3085 has a high level of historical significance as it demonstrates the type of locomotives engaged in branch line work from 1928 until the end of steam traction in 1972, and is associated with the development of the Sydney suburban network as an urban transit system. It was the last tank locomotive and the second last steam locomotive to be withdrawn from service on the NSWGR and demonstrates the resourcefulness of the NSWGR in converting obsolete engines for further service.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Steam Locomotive 3085 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Steam Locomotive 3085 has a moderate level of aesthetic significance. The locomotive demonstrates the strong influence of British design in its well-balanced appearance, and the way in which locomotives were adapted to meet the changing requirements of the NSW railway system.

Steam Locomotive 3085 has a moderate level of technical significance demonstrating the technical capabilities of the NSWGR workshops at Eveleigh in the early twentieth century, manufacturing a locomotive that had previously been imported from Beyer Peacock & Co. It demonstrates state-of-the-art tank locomotive design of the early 20th century and an ideal combination of parameters to suit the demands of the Sydney region.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Steam Locomotive 3085 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Steam Locomotive 3085 has a low level of research significance with some potential to reveal information regarding the way in which the NSW railways constructed their own motive power specific to their own requirements at the beginning of the twentieth century. Although numerous fittings are missing, it demonstrates a locomotive in ex-service condition thus having research value.
SHR Criteria f)
Steam Locomotive 3085 is rare as one of a handful of suburban tank locomotives surviving from a once very large class, and is rare as the only surviving C30 class locomotive constructed by the NSWGR to survive (3075 and 3090 are both C30T class, with attached tender).
SHR Criteria g)
Steam Locomotive 3085 is a representative example of a C30 class locomotive, a highly successful suburban tank locomotive design from the early 20th century. The class was also the most numerous tank type with 145 members.
Integrity/Intactness: Steam Locomotive 3085 retains a moderate level of integrity and intactness. The locomotive is in very poor condition overall, including cab fittings. It is reasonably intact and in ex-service condition.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage ConsultantsSteven Adams Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenGrunbach, A1989A Compendium of New South Wales Steam Locomotives
WrittenOberg, L1975Locomotives of Australia

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807221

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.