Locomotive, Steam 3001 | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Locomotive, Steam 3001

Item details

Name of item: Locomotive, Steam 3001
Other name/s: 636
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: Thirlmere Railway Precinct, Thirlmere, NSW 2572
Local govt. area: Wollondilly
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Thirlmere Railway PrecinctThirlmereWollondilly  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Steam Locomotive 3001 has heritage significance as the class leader of an important type of locomotive that was engaged in branch line work from 1928 until the end of steam traction in 1972. This locomotive has important associations with the large-scale development of the Sydney suburban network as an urban transit system. Locomotive 3001 represents the last of three classes of standard locomotives, closely associated with the Chief Mechanical Engineer of the NSWGR, William Thow, together with Beyer Peacock, that brought the NSWGR into the 20th century and Federation. Their introduction promoted the development of Sydney as a modern city based upon an expanding and intensively worked suburban transit system. Arguably in advance of any contemporary motive power in the UK, the S class has high technical significance, demonstrating world’s best practice in steam locomotive engineering, and is probably the first successful 4-6-4 tank locomotive. Locomotive 3001 was one of the last steam locomotives to be withdrawn from service on the NSWGR and demonstrates the resourcefulness of the NSWGR in converting obsolete engines for further service. It is rare as one of only four superheated 30T Class 9 tender engines of this type survive.
Date significance updated: 13 Nov 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Beyer Peacock and Company, Gorton Foundry, Manchester and NSWGR
Builder/Maker: Beyer Peacock and Company, Gorton Foundry, Manchester
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Locomotive 3001, is a two-cylinder, simple, non-condensing, coal-fired, superheated, ‘Ten-wheel’ 4-6-0 mixed-traffic steam locomotive. The locomotive is built around a fabricated inside frame, supporting a superheated boiler of riveted construction. It has a low running plate with splashers covering the driving wheels, the front pair of which has a sandbox fitted above. The cylinders are fitted with an ‘alligator’ crosshead, inside Allan’s straight link valve motion, all rods being of a fluted design with strapped big ends, running in conventional bearings. The driving wheels are spoked, fitted with counter weights and displaced apart between the centre and trailing pair, to allow for the firebox. The leading bogie wheels are of a spoked pattern. It has Westinghouse brakes. The boiler is fitted with a Belpaire firebox, tall cast iron chimney and dome and has been clad in conventional metal sheeting. An enclosed steel cab with a timber roof and canvas awning has been fitted with cutaway sides provided in each side. The locomotive is painted in lined black (with red and white trim) with a red buffer board with white number. On the side of the cab is a brass number. The locomotive has a head lamp at the front.

The tender rides on two four-wheel bogies, is of riveted construction and is finished in lined black.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Good Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
The locomotive is in very good overall display condition. All fittings are intact. Paint is in good condition.

INTERNAL CONDITION
The locomotive is not operational due to the condition of the boiler.
Date condition updated:29 Oct 09
Modifications and dates: 1903 - Built by Beyer Peacock and Company, Gorton Foundry, Manchester, as works number 4444. Entered service on the NSWR with road number 636 (part of the S class).
1924 - Renumbered 3001 (part of the C30 class).
1933 - Converted from tank engine configuration to tender locomotive.
Mid-1950s - Superheated boiler fitted, together with piston valves. Cylinders bored to 19''.
September 1967 - Withdrawn from service.
1975 - Arrived at Thirlmere.
1997 - Withdrawn from service at NSWRTM due to deteriorating mechanical condition.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Passenger Locomotive

History

Historical notes: Locomotive 3001 was constructed by Beyer Peacock and Company, Gorton Foundry, Manchester, as works number 4444 in 1903. It entered service on the NSWR, being allocated road number 636. Along with the other 144 members of the S class, it was built to haul the increasingly heavier trains on the expanding Sydney suburban network. As a member of the S class, 636 replaced a number of smaller engines of various classes and allowed for improved timetable running in Sydney as well as passenger services in the Newcastle and Wollongong areas. The class performed particularly well on the steeply graded North Shore, Main North and Illawarra lines. The class was renumbered in 1924 as the C30 class with 636 being allocated the new road number 3001.

The monopoly of the class on suburban workings came to an end with the advent of electrification in 1926, which saw most of the class made redundant in that service. Seventy-seven of the class were rebuilt into 4-6-0 tender engines for branch line work while the remainder were redeployed on outer suburban workings on non-electrified lines. The engines were long lived in this service, with a further 29 being improved by the addition of superheaters, and were only finally ousted with the arrival of the 48 class diesel-electric locomotives in the late 1960s. The final few were withdrawn in 1972 from the Merriwa branch. Locomotive 3001 was withdrawn in September 1967 and transferred to the New South Wales Rail Transport Museum, eventually arriving at Thirlmere in 1975.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Shaping inland settlements-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Steam Locomotive 3001 has historical significance, demonstrating the type of locomotives engaged in branch line work from 1928 until the end of steam traction in 1972, and is associated with the development of the Sydney suburban network as an urban transit system. It was one of the last steam locomotives to be withdrawn from service on the NSWGR and demonstrates the resourcefulness of the NSWGR in converting obsolete engines for further service. Locomotive 3001 is significant as the class leader of this important group of locomotives.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Steam Locomotive 3001 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Steam Locomotive 3001 has aesthetic significance. The locomotive demonstrates the strong influence of British design in its well-balanced appearance, and the way in which locomotives were adapted to meet the changing requirements of the NSW railway system.

Steam Locomotive 3001 has technical significance. Arguably in advance of any contemporary motive power in the UK, the S class has high technical significance, demonstrating world’s best practice in steam locomotive engineering, and is probably the first successful 4-6-4 tank locomotive and Locomotive 3001 is an excellent representative example of this impressive class. It also demonstrates the conversion of a locomotive from a tank to tender engine using redundant and scrapped equipment to produce a superb performing locomotive..
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Steam Locomotive 3001 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Steam Locomotive 3001 has a high level of research significance. The locomotive has the potential to reveal information regarding the way in which the NSW railways performed major conversions on locomotives to meet the changing demands and requirements of the railway system. It has research potential as a locomotive converted from a tank to tender engine using redundant and scrapped equipment to produce a superb performing locomotive.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Steam Locomotive 3001 is a rare survivor of a once numerous class of light branch mixed traffic locomotives. It is considered to have rarity value as only four superheated 30T Class 9 tender engines of this type survive.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Steam Locomotive 3001 is a good representative example of a C30T class locomotive, a common branch line locomotive from the early 20th century.
Integrity/Intactness: Steam Locomotive 3001 retains a high level of integrity and intactness. The locomotive is intact and in good condition, with no major modifications carried out since the date of its rebuilding to a tender type locomotive.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage ConsultantsSteven Adams Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenGrunbach, A1989A Compendium of New South Wales Steam Locomotives
WrittenMcNicol, S1985Preserved N.S.W.G.R. Steam

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807223


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