Nds 2268 - Coaching Stock - Sitting Carriage | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage


Nds 2268 - Coaching Stock - Sitting Carriage

Item details

Name of item: Nds 2268 - Coaching Stock - Sitting Carriage
Other name/s: Sfs 2268, Sfr 2268, Tds 2268
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: North Eveleigh Heritage Store, Eveleigh, NSW 2015
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
North Eveleigh Heritage StoreEveleighSydney  Primary Address


Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Sitting Carriage NDS 2268 has heritage significance as a good intact example of a mid 20th century 2nd class sitting car. It was designed and constructed as one of the last generation of 2nd class carriages prior to the development of the stainless steel cars from the mid-late 1950s. The carriage was one of the last set to be used by locomotive hauled trains on regular passenger services to Broken Hill, Goulburn and Griffith. These carriages were highly regarded as they were considered very comfortable for long distance journeys. Even though no longer extant, this carriage was unusual in that they were designed with a judges’ compartment at one end. Also, this carriage is important for its late use of riveted steel exterior cladding and other features typical of mid 20th century carriage construction. The seating was renewed in 1985 demonstrating the reuse of the car in its final days of regular running.
Date significance updated: 16 Nov 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Builder/Maker: Commonwealth Engineering
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Sitting Carriage NDS 2268 was built by Commonwealth Engineering in 1950 as an integral bodied, steel, second class open saloon. The car is painted Indian Red with a single chrome yellow band (this colour scheme was applied to the four remaining NDS cars in 1994). As with the H-type cars, some of the windows are fitted with an opening top light that was installed during the late 1970s, in case of a failure of the air-conditioning system. New air conditioners have been fitted (slip in type), and electrical breakers removed.

Internally the car consists of a single compartment with two small entrance vestibules at each end. Seating is for 48 in "Aircraft" Type D cloth covered seats in a 2+2 combination with a central corridor. Luggage racks and curtains have been installed.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Moderate Condition
External Condition: Moderate Condition
Internal Condition: Good Condition

This car remains in almost original condition externally. There is some corrosion along the roof edges for the full length of the car, while the top row of rivets on each external wall has signs of corrosion.

The interior is generally in good condition. Lights in the end compartment have been modified, and the water cooler is missing.

Lead paints, possible small amounts of asbestos in electrical controls.
Date condition updated:28 Oct 09
Modifications and dates: April 1951 - Entered Service as SFS 2268, with men's toilet at one end and seating compartment and ladies toilet at other end. Seating for 49 in saloon, and eight in compartment.
July 1956 - One compartment stripped and rebuilt for beverage storage. Recoded SFR 2268.
July 1960 - Storage compartment removed, saloon lengthened to seat 57. Recoded SFS 2268.
March 1985 - Converted to daynighter and recoded TDS 2268.
November 1988 - Interior stripped and saloon extended. Two lavatories provided at one end only. Recoded NDS 2268.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Sitting Carriage


Historical notes: Twenty-five second-class cars, coded SFS, were built for the RUB sets. Their layout followed a similar pattern to the SBS first-class cars, with a men's toilet at one end. At the other, a seating compartment and ladies’ toilet was provided. Seating was fitted for 49 in the saloon, with a further eight in the compartment. The saloon seats were pitched at 371/2" (955mm).

In 1956, SFS 2268 was recoded SFR when the compartment was stripped and rebuilt for beverage storage. This storage compartment was removed and the car recoded SFS in 1960, the saloon being lengthened and seating provided for 57.

In 1985, SFS 2268 was converted to daynighter and recoded TDS 2268. The interior was stripped and the saloon extended in November 1988, with two lavatories provided at one end only. Recoded NDS 2268. This car had no compartment as an SFS and was similar to the BDS cars until conversion to NDS.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Creation of railway towns-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Railway workshops-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Sitting Carriage NDS 2268 has a moderate level of historical significance. The carriages of this class represent the last 2nd class carriages designed for locomotive hauled trains between major destinations (including interstate services) prior to the development of the stainless steel carriages. The carriages were designed with a judges’ compartment at one end, and ran on most routes in NSW, including the Inter-capital "Daylight Express".
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Sitting Carriage NDS 2268 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Sitting Carriage NDS 2268 has a low level of aesthetic significance as the last style of carriage built for NSW country services as well as interstate services before the introduction of stainless steel carriages. The car retains the riveted steel body, timer lined interiors and a judge's compartment.

Sitting Carriage NDS 2268 has moderate technical significance. This carriage is significant as one of the final steel-bodied carriages designed for locomotive hauled use prior to the development of the stainless steel carriages.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Sitting Carriage NDS 2268 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Sitting Carriage NDS 2268 has a low level of research significance. The carriage has the potential to reveal information regarding the way in which rolling stock was adapted to cater for the changing requirements and demands of the NSW Railways. This carriage also has research potential as the final development of the steel-bodied carriage, the major mode of passenger transport in NSW in the twentieth century.
SHR Criteria f)
Sitting Carriage NDS 2268 is an example of a mid 20th century 2nd class sitting car and as such is relatively rare.
SHR Criteria g)
Sitting Carriage NDS 2268 is a good intact representative example of a mid 20th century 2nd class sitting car.
Integrity/Intactness: Sitting Carriage NDS 2268 retains a moderate level of integrity and intactness. Although the exterior remains in almost original condition, the interior has been modified on several occasions.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenDavid Cooke, Don Estall, Keith Seckold, John Beckhous and Dennis Toohey2003Coaching Sock of the NSW Railways
WrittenGreen Air Services Pty Ltd2007SRA Rolling Stock Condition and Maintenance Assessment, Part 2

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807294

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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