X 101 - Shunting Vehicle - Rail Tractor | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

X 101 - Shunting Vehicle - Rail Tractor

Item details

Name of item: X 101 - Shunting Vehicle - Rail Tractor
Other name/s: X 212
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: North Eveleigh Heritage Store, Eveleigh, NSW 2015
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
North Eveleigh Heritage StoreEveleighSydney  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Rail Tractor X 101 has heritage significance as it represents a change in approach by the NSW railways to develop a cost-effective class of locomotive that was adequate for regional rail yards and workshops. Part of the rationale to develop this small locomotive was that they could be crewed by just a driver rather then a driver and fireman, thus reducing crew costs at smaller yards. The rail tractor is technically significant as possibly the smallest internal combustion class of locomotive constructed for use on the NSW Railways. The tractor was built on the bogie of the AD 60 class garratt steam locomotive. It is rare as one of only two locomotives ever constructed in the X 100 class.
Date significance updated: 17 Dec 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Railways
Builder/Maker: Department of Railways at the Water Supply Workshops, Chullora
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Rail Tractor X 101 is a 150HP diesel shunter with chain drive and is of steel construction. The shunter has an 0-4-0 wheel arrangement and a confined shunters step, which allows for riding the foot plate while in motion. It has a central cabin and is painted in red and cream livery. Steam locomotive components were used for its construction, including the bogie from a 60 class Garratt and the cabs from 57 & 58 class steam locomotives. The cab is fitted with plastic windows. Original timber steps are fitted at one end of the footplate and newer steel steps fitted the other end.

INTERNAL
Internally, the car has a central control panel and an operating chair. The interior is currently (Sept 2009) undergoing restoration. An inter-urban air brake controller is fitted into the cab.

Length 6.82 m
Power 150 HP
Weight 17 t
Tractive effort 54 / 17 kN
Speed 24 / 8 km/h
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Undergoing Restoration

EXTERNAL CONDITION
Externally the tractor is in a good condition. New paint has been applied to all external surfaces and is in good condition. Bogie appears to be complete and in working order. The motor is not original and is an unknown make diesel.

INTERNAL CONDITION
Internally the tractor is complete although it was inspected during restoration where some components had been removed for overhaul.
Date condition updated:16 Sep 09
Modifications and dates: May 1962 - Designed by the NSW Railways and entered service.
c.2008 - Restored.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Yard Shunting

History

Historical notes: The X 100 class was designed by the NSW Railways based on the reuse of the AD 600 Class Garratt bogie and the cabs were recycled from 57 & 58 class steam locomotives. It first entered service in May 1962 and was used until the early 1990s, mostly in country yards including Coffs Harbour and Wauchope. It was renumbered X212 for a time possibly because it had a train brake installed.

Two classes were developed this one being the first which did not have a train brake so was limited to yard limits. There were only 2 rail tractors built in the X100 class the others built in the X200 class.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods Making railway journeys-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Shaping inland settlements-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway operations workers-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Rail Tractor X 101 has historical significance. The rail tractor is significant as a demonstrated move by the NSW railways to develop a class of locomotive that was adequate for regional rail yards while reducing costs. It is historically significant as the bogie has been adapted from the 60 class steam locomotive.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Rail Tractor X 101 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Rail Tractor X 101 has a moderate level of aesthetic significance. Its external design was developed to give an all round vision to the driver so the cab was positioned centrally in the locomotive.

Rail Tractor X 101 has a high level of technical significance. The rail tractor is possibly the smallest internal combustion class of locomotive constructed for use on NSW Railways. Part of the rationale to develop this small locomotive was that they could be crewed by just a driver rather then a driver and fireman, thus reducing crew costs at smaller yards.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Rail Tractor X 101 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Rail Tractor X 101 has a high level of research significance. The rail tractor has research value as it demonstrates the practices used at regional rail yards, including the re-use of components from other locomotives as a standard practice in NSW railways and design innovation to meet the needs of regional services.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Rail Tractor X 101 has a high level of rarity significance. The rail tractor is considered rare as only two of this class were ever constructed.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Rail Tractor X 101 is an excellent representative example of an X 100 class locomotive used in regional rail yards.
Integrity/Intactness: Rail Tractor X 101 retains a high level of integrity and intactness.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807300


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