Goulburn Correctional Centre complex | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Goulburn Correctional Centre complex

Item details

Name of item: Goulburn Correctional Centre complex
Other name/s: Goulburn Gaol; Goulburn Training Centre
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Law Enforcement
Category: Gaol/Lock-up
Location: Lat: -34.7414910318 Long: 149.7404997320
Primary address: Maud Street (off), Goulburn, NSW 2580
Local govt. area: Goulburn Mulwaree
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Pejar
Hectares (approx): 32.58
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT22 DP1177534
LOT2 DP727649
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Maud Street (off)GoulburnGoulburn Mulwaree  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Corrective Services NSWState Government25 Nov 98

Description

Designer/Maker: W Coles and J Barnett; Colonial Architects Office
Builder/Maker: Frederick Lemm
Construction years: 1881-1884
Physical description: The old gaol complex was built to a radiating plan, symmetrical about the axis of the main gateway in a Victorian Classical style. The stone and brick facade is of vermiculated ashlar stone pilasters which taper slightly towards the top on either side of the arched gateway. Above the arched gate and brick bays is a machicolation motif and a parapet with the colonial coat of arms mounted on a pediment. The gaol complex is substantially sandstone and brick with slate roofing. (Heritage Group 1995)
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Physical condition is excellent.
Modifications and dates: 1893 - new wing added
1894 - new female prison cells constructed
1897-99 - 13 acres of land used for agriculture
1916 - new bakery built
1957-1961 - cell block built outside the gaol walls to accommodate prisoners employed in the agricultural area.
1966-1967 - new education block and auditorium constructed.
Current use: Correctional Centre
Former use: Gaol

History

Historical notes: A gaol has existed in Goulburn since 1841(now the site of the Goulburn Courthouse), although the current correctional centre was built in 1881. For eighty years up to the 1970s, Goulburn was the establishment within the NSW penal system with a particular role in the reformation of first time and young offenders. It had a long history of agricutural and industrial training and education and built up a strong economic and social association with the town of Goulburn (Kerr 1994: iv).

The plan for the complex was developed in 1879, in J. Barnet's office under the supervision of William Coles (State Projects 1995; Kerr 1994). It was built by Frederick Lemm of Sydney between 1881 and 1884 at a cost of sixty-one thousand pounds. The new gaol was part of the public works boom in the town during the 1869 - 86 period and boosted employment as well as local industry (State Projects 1995). In 1893 a new wing was added and in 1894, a range of cells were constructed for female prisoners. Areas for agricultural cultivation were introduced in 1897-1899 and a bakery was constructed in 1916. In 1957 work commenced on a new cell block outside the walls of the gaol to accommodate prisoners employed at the agricultural area. This wing opened in 1961. During 1966-1967 a new education block and auditorium were completed (State Projects 1995). In 1986-1988 the first major redevelopment project was undertaken. It involved the extension of the perimeter walls to include a new industrial and sports area and the construction of a high security segregation unit (Kerr 1994: 20-21).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Convict-Activities relating to incarceration, transport, reform, accommodation and working during the convict period in NSW (1788-1850) - does not include activities associated with the conviction of persons in NSW that are unrelated to the imperial 'convict system': use the theme of Law & Order for such activities Administering the convict system-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Significant Places How are significant places marked in the landscape by, or for, different groups-Monuments and Sites
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Townships-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Changing land uses - from rural to suburban-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. 19th century government - a regional centre-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. State government-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Developing roles for government - building and operating public infrastructure-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Developing roles for government - administering the justice system-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Developing roles for government - managing the convict system-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Public works-
7. Governing-Governing Law and order-Activities associated with maintaining, promoting and implementing criminal and civil law and legal processes (none)-
7. Governing-Governing Law and order-Activities associated with maintaining, promoting and implementing criminal and civil law and legal processes Incarcerating prisoners-
7. Governing-Governing Law and order-Activities associated with maintaining, promoting and implementing criminal and civil law and legal processes Detaining young offenders-
7. Governing-Governing Law and order-Activities associated with maintaining, promoting and implementing criminal and civil law and legal processes Jail-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The Goulburn Correctional Centre has a recorded association with a number of famous and infamous characters, both staff and inmates, including a Victoria Cross winner, bushrangers, larrikins, labour leaders and murderers (Kerr 1994: 22).
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The Goulburn Correctional Centre is significant for the strength of its original radial plan centred on the chapel, and the strength of the spatial relationships created by the plan. It is significant for the quality, inventiveness and durability of its original masonry, the unusually fine and sturdy roof structures in the chapel and radial wings and the harmonious textures and colours of its original brick, stone, render, slate and iron work. It has a pleasant location above the junction of the Wollondilly and Mulwarree Ponds with views to the north and east (Kerr 1994: 22).
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Goulburn Correctional Centre has a close relationship with Goulburn township. Both town and institution have grown together and are economically and socially interdependent. Goulburn has become the major judicial and penal centre of the Southern Highlands (Kerr 1994: 22).
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The Goulburn Correctional Centre is significant because of the way its continous 110 year history of penal use is embodied in its physical fabric and documentary history (Kerr 1994: 22).
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Goulburn was one of the two Maclean inspired gaols in NSW which best incorporated all that had been learned of penal design in the nineteenth century. The other, Bathurst, has lost its chapel and been substantially remodelled (Kerr 1994: 22).
Integrity/Intactness: Most of the original structures remain in good condition. Subsequent additions have not compromised their integrity.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0080802 Apr 99 271549
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register 00713 Feb 95   
National Trust of Australia register      
Register of the National Estate  01 Jan 77   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Department of Corrective Services: Interim Heritage and Conservation Register1995007State Projects Heritage Group  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJames Semple Kerr1994Goulburn Correctional Centre: A Plan for the Conservation of the Precinct and its Buildings

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5000652
File number: S94/00024/01


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