10 Class Steam Locomotives | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

10 Class Steam Locomotives

Item details

Name of item: 10 Class Steam Locomotives
Other name/s: South Maitland Railway Steam Locomotives
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Location: Lat: -32.7396937359 Long: 151.5372171530
Primary address: 2 Tallowood Street, Dorrigo, NSW 2454
Local govt. area: Bellingen
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1 DP855445

Boundary:

The SHR curtilage boundary is limited to the item itself and does not include the land it is located on or the structure it is housed within.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
2 Tallowood StreetDorrigoBellingen  Primary Address
Junction StreetTelarahMaitlandMaitlandNorthumberlandAlternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Dorrigo Steam Railway and Museum LimitedCommunity Group 
Hunter Valley Training Company Pty LtdCommunity Group29 Mar 99
Port Waratah Coal ServicesPrivate 
Richmond Main MuseumPrivate29 Mar 99

Statement of significance:

The locomotives were the last commercial steam operation in Australia and there were only 14 locomotives ever built which still survive today, making them the only steam locomotive class in the world to survive in its entirety. The design of the fourteen locomotives is technologically significant and there are no other identical locomotives of this design in the world. The locomotives formed the backbone of communications and transport in an isolated coal mining region of NSW. The locomotives are internationally rare and a good representative example of this type of coalfields steam locomotive. They are generally complete but some are in poor condition. (National Trust of Australia NSW 2013)
Date significance updated: 13 Jun 13
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: East Greta Coal Mining Co and South Maitland Railways
Builder/Maker: Bayer Peacock, Manchester, England
Construction years: 1911-1927
Physical description: The Class 10 Steam Locomotives numbers include 10,17,18,19,20,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,30 and 31. Class of 14 2-8-2 steam tank locomotives built for the South Maitland Railway. (Richards 1998)

There were fourteen Class 10 (2-8-2) steam locomotives built for the East Greta Coal Mining Co. and the South Maitland Railways and their numbers were 10, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30 and 31. Their physical condition ranges from excellent to poor. The locomotives were designed and built by Beyer Peacock and Co. of Manchester, England between 1911 and 1925. The recommended management is that locomotives should be thoroughly stripped, rust removed, repainted and placed in dry, undercover storage.

Ownership as at 2012:

Hunter Valley Railway Trust - Rothbury Colliery

Locomotive No Builder's No Service commenced/ended

Locomotive No 17 Builder's Number 5790 1914 - December 1983
Locomotive No 20 Builder's Number 5998 1920 - February 1985
Locomotive No 23 Builder's Number 6056 1921 - August 1982
Locomotive No 26 Builder's Number 6127 1923 - July 1983
Locomotive No 27 Builder's Number 6137 1923 - March 1987
Locomotive No 28 Builder's Number 6138 1923 - December 1983
Locomotive No 31 Builder's Number 5295 1926 - June 1984

Richmond Vale Railway Museum

Locomotive No 19 Builder's Number 5910 1915 - November1982
Locomotive No 22 Builder's Number 6055 1921 - September1987
Locomotive No 24 Builder's Number 6125 1922 - September1987
Locomotive No 25 Builder's Number 6126 1923 - September1987
Locomotive No 30 Builder's Number 6294 1926 - September1987

Hunter Valley Training Company - East Greta Junction

Locomotive No 10 Builder's Number 5520 1912 - January1987
Locomotive No 18 Builder's Number 5909 1915 - December1984
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The physical condition is from excellent to poor condition. (Richards 1998)
Date condition updated:13 Jun 13
Current use: Static display or working museum items
Former use: Coal haulage

History

Historical notes: The locomotives were built between 1911 and 1927. They were specifically designed by the East Greta Coal Mining Co to perform certain tasks on their private railway system located in the Hunter Valley NSW. During the period between 1911 and 1927 the East Greta Coal Mining Co and then the South Maitland Railways, who bought out the east total of 14 identical locomotives from the most famous locomotive construction company in the world at that time, Bayer Peacock, Gorton foundry, Manchester, England. They were the most powerful tank steam locomotive to be used in Australia. They had a wheel arrangement of 2-8-2 and were a saturated steam locomotive. They had a copper fire box and were coal fired. They were used exclusively on the private railway system in the Hunter Valley owned by the East Greta Coal Mining Co to haul coal, goods and passengers from 1911 to 1983 when steam ceased operations. They were then transferred to the parent company, Coal & Allied's private line on the Richmond Vale Railway System which was constructed in 1853 and ceased steam operations in 1987. These locomotives are recognised world wide and they are the only complete class of steam locomotive in the world to survive intact today. (Richards 1998)

History of the Class 10 locomotives after they came out of operations

10 June 1983: Commercial steam operations cease on South Maitland Railways Pty. Ltd. (a division of Coal and Allied Industries). Locomotives (ex No.19) retained for further service on Richmond Vale Railway.

Sept.1983: No.19 donated to Port Waratah Coal Services, and placed on static display at Port Waratah. Deteriorates rapidly in marine environment.

22 Sept.1987: Commercial steam operations cease on Richmond Vale Railway (also a division of C&A).Locomotive Nos.22,24,25, and 30 placed in storage at Hexham, and Nos.10,17,18,20,23,26,27,28, and 31 put in storage at East Greta Junction.

1989: Nos. 22,24,25, and 30 given to and transferred from Hexham to Richmond Main Railway Museum. Nos.10 and 18 given to Hunter Valley Training Company to be held in trust, on the understanding that they were not to be sold, and that they reside permanently at East Greta Junction.

Nos.17,20,23,26,27,28, and 31 transferred to Hunter Valley Training Company as part of its purchase of the land and buildings comprising the South Maitlands Railway locomotive complex. Hunter Valley Training Company to use these locomotives as it saw fit for apprentice training purposes, and in the event of their sale, the proceeds to be divided equally between South Maitlands Railway and Hunter Valley Training Company.

Early 1990: News emerges that Nos.17,20,23,26,27,28,and 31 have been sold to Chris Richards for $160,000. Hunter Valley Training Company removes engines from their shed and stores them in open, pending their removal by Chris Richards who at that stage has no place to store them.

11.12.92: After standing 3 years in the open at East Greta Junction (but reasonably well protected from the elements), Nos.17 and 20 are transferred dead by rail from East Greta Junction to Rothbury colliery, which had been acquired by Chris Richards in the interim. They are soon followed by the remaining 5 engines which are transported by road.

1995: No.19 moved from Port Waratah to Kooragang Island for cosmetic restoration using trainees funded by the Commonwealth Department of Employment and Training. Placed on display at location which was out of bounds to the public.

12 May 2009: No.19 moved from Kooragang to Richmond Main Railway Museum to join Nos.22,24,25, and 30. (National Trust of Australia NSW 2013)

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Mining-Activities associated with the identification, extraction, processing and distribution of mineral ores, precious stones and other such inorganic substances. (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The locomotives were the last commercial steam operation in Australia and there were 14 locomotives only ever built which still survive today making them the only steam locomotive class in the world to survive in its entirety. (Richards 1998)
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
There were only 14 ever built to this design and are technologically significant. There are no other identical locomotives of this design in the world. (Richards 1998)
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
They formed the backbone of communications and transport in an isolated coal mining region of NSW. (Richards 1998)
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Internationally rare. (Richards 1998)
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Typical type of coalfields steam locomotives. (Richards 1998)
Integrity/Intactness: Generally complete but some in poor condition. (Richards 1998)
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The items should be thoroughly stripped, rust removed, repainted and placed in dry, undercover storage. (Richards 1998)

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act * The maintenance of any locomotive where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing material and includes painting provided that the final coat colour and any signwriting is to a standard formerly used by South Maitland Railways Pty. Ltd.;
* The minor repair of any locomotive where minor repair means the repair of materials by patching, piercing-in, splicing and consolidating existing materials and including replacement components where these have been damaged beyond reasonable repair or are missing and including exchange of identical components between the locomotives. The replacement should be of the same material, colour, texture, form and design as the original it replaces and the number of components replaced should be substantially less than the total existing.
* operation of any locomotive on the South Maitland Railway between East Greta Junction and Pelton Colliery and on the Richmond Vale Railway between Hexham and Richmond Main Colliery and Pelaw Main Colliery and on the Great Northern Railway between Hexham and East Greta Junction.
Oct 20 1989
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
* The maintenance of any building or item on the site where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing material andincludes painting provided that the final colour coat and any signwriting is to a standard formerly used by South Maitland Railways Pty Ltd;
* The minor repair of any locomotive where minor repair means the repair of materials by patching, piercing-in, splicing and consolidating existing materials and including replacement of components where these have been damaged beyond reasonable repair or are missing and including exchange of identical components between the locomotives;
* temporary operation or movement of any locomotives to any location in New South Wales.
Oct 19 1990
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0074502 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0074519 Oct 90 1319417
National Trust of Australia register   24 Apr 13   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenChristopher A Richards1998NSW State Heritage Inventory Form
WrittenNational Trust of Australia (NSW)2013National Trust of Australia (NSW) - Classification Card

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5001055
File number: S90/05378, 10/20034


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