Ben Lomond Railway Station | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Ben Lomond Railway Station

Item details

Name of item: Ben Lomond Railway Station
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Location: Lat: -30.0198711173 Long: 151.6596217400
Primary address: Main Northern railway, Ben Lomond, NSW 2365
Local govt. area: Guyra
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Guyra

Boundary:

The listing boundary incorporates the level crossing to the north, the property boundary running along Ben Lomond Road to the west, a line crossing the tracks approximately 10metres south of the southern end of the platform and the existing property boundary to the east.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Main Northern railwayBen LomondGuyra  Primary Address
Ben Lomond RoadBen LomondGuyra  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government20 Oct 98

Statement of significance:

The railway station at Ben Lomond is significant as one of the smallest of the brick passenger stations constructed during a period of major expansion of the NSW railways in the 1880s. The railway station is also significant as the highest railway station in NSW (1,363m) and for its important historical role in the economic development and community life of Ben Lomond and surrounding districts (for many years it was the town’s post office and was a place where the local community did their banking).
Ben Lomond Railway Station is a significant location on the former Great Northern railway line which, although now closed to rail traffic, was the only rail link between Queensland and the southern states in the late 19th century and early 20th century, and which was directly or indirectly associated with major historical events and themes, including for example the transportation of troops during wartime and the transportation of rural produce and livestock.

(Note: This statement is based on content from the Ben Lomond Railway Station Conservation Management Plan prepared by Donald Ellsmore Pty. Ltd. in 2002. Information from the 2002 CMP has been abridged, reworded, updated and otherwise altered).
Date significance updated: 19 Jul 13
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Builder/Maker: Nathan Cohen & Co
Construction years: 1884-1884
Physical description: The 2002 Conservation Management Plan for Ben Lomond Railway Station describes the arrangement of the station building as follows:

The passenger station comprises a central brick pavilion enclosing two waiting rooms and a ticket office for the Station Master, flanked by freestanding brick pavilions for the lamp room at the north end and toilets at the south end. The small yards between the pavilions were enclosed with corrugated iron screen walls and roofs. Each of the rooms was accessible from the 264 feet (88 m) long platform on the eastern side. A platform awning over the central portion across the width of the central pavilion provided shelter for passengers and platform equipment. (Ellsmore, 2002).

Other extant items within the railway precinct include the platform, weighbridge, fences and station signs.
Former use: Passenger station and goods yard

History

Historical notes: Settlement in the Ben Lomond area began in the 1840s and intensified in the 1860s and 1870s but it wasn’t until the 1880s that a school opened (1881) and the railway arrived (1884). Construction of the railways in NSW commenced in the 1850s and by 1878 the Great Northern line had reached West Tamworth. The line continued north to the Queensland border via Uralla, Armidale, Glen Innes and Tenterfield. The Great Northern line reached Tamworth in 1880, Uralla (1881), Armidale (1883), Glen Innes (1884), Tenterfield (1886) and the border town of Wallangarra (originally ‘Jennings’) in 1888 (Ellsmore, 2001; Ellsmore, 2002; SRA, 1993).

By 1881 construction of the Great Northern line had reached the Ben Lomond area and by 1883 construction reached its peak with hundreds of people employed on the project. The station building at Ben Lomond opened on 19 August 1884 and in the same year a twenty thousand gallon tank was installed. By 1885 a ‘receiving office’ opened at the railway station and it was upgraded to a post office in 1886. During the late 19th century Ben Lomond station also provided additional community services including a telegraph service and banking facilities. During the mid-1880s the station is said to have been used for Anglican Church services before the erection of a chapel in 1897. The goods shed was used as a community hall until 1905. Other additions to the railway yard included a dam and an additional water tank installed between 1903 and 1905 (Ellsmore, 2001; Ellsmore, 2002; SRA, 1993).

The mid 1920s were probably the heyday of railway activities at Ben Lomond when passenger journeys, freight tonnage and revenues all peaked. During both world wars, stations along the Great Northern line, including Ben Lomond, were closely associated with the movement of troops. Like many other locations, Ben Lomond and other stations on the northern line experienced a decline in the second half of the 20th century due primarily to the growth of road transportation (for both passengers and goods) but also as a result of competition from the coastal railway line between Sydney and Brisbane which had been in existence since the 1930s. In 1983 the goods shed was sold and removed and in 1984, 100 years after its official opening, the station closed. Rail operations ceased along the Great Northern line in 1988 and in 1991 the Station Master’s residence at Ben Lomond was sold (Ellsmore, 2001; Ellsmore, 2002; SRA, 1993).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Engineering the public railway system-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building and maintaining the public railway system-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The impact of the Great Northern Railway on the New England region of NSW was substantial. It influenced the growth of towns and villages and it facilitated the establishment of new industries.

The construction of Ben Lomond Railway Station and the Great Northern Railway had an impact on the local community in many ways, including the loss of life in the construction of the railway and the opening of economic and social opportunities. For the local community the station was for some time an important centre for commercial activities including banking and postal services.

(This is an abridged, reworded, updated and otherwise altered statement based on information obtained from the 2002 Conservation Management Plan for Ben Lomond railway station, prepared by Donald Ellsmore Pty. Ltd.)
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Ben Lomond railway station is a good intact example of a modest late-Victorian passenger station at a minor country location on the former Great Northern line. The station building demonstrates some minor architectural pretensions and while similar in design to other comparable railway stations it also demonstrates subtle variations in design and construction.

(This is an abridged, reworded, updated and otherwise altered statement based on information obtained from the 2002 Conservation Management Plan for Ben Lomond railway station, prepared by Donald Ellsmore Pty. Ltd.)
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Ben Lomond railway station was the principal meeting place and an important site for business transactions during the early development of the local community at Ben Lomond. Although railway services have ceased and the town has declined, the station building still remains a significant landmark in the local community.

(This is an abridged, reworded, updated and otherwise altered statement based on information obtained from the 2002 Conservation Management Plan for Ben Lomond railway station, prepared by Donald Ellsmore Pty. Ltd.)
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The station does provide the potential to yield information about the early development of the local area, the operation of a small regional railway station and the decline of railway services in the New England region.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The earth toilets and open urinals may be the only remaining examples of their type at a railway station in NSW.

(This is an abridged, reworded, updated and otherwise altered statement based on information obtained from the 2002 Conservation Management Plan for Ben Lomond railway station, prepared by Donald Ellsmore Pty. Ltd.)
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The Ben Lomond railway precinct includes a good representative example of a late nineteenth-century station building.

(This is an abridged, reworded, updated and otherwise altered statement based on information obtained from the 2002 Conservation Management Plan for Ben Lomond railway station, prepared by Donald Ellsmore Pty. Ltd.)
Integrity/Intactness: The station building remains mostly intact but many items in the yard were removed in the late 20th century.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsement Ben Lomond Railway Station CMP (Donald Ellsmore Pty Ltd Heritage and Conservation Services, Jan 2002) CMP conditionally endorsed by Heritage Council 25 July 2002. Jul 25 2002
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0108302 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     
Local Environmental Plan  04 May 88   

References, internet links & images

None

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5001136


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