Lady Denman (M.V.) | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Lady Denman (M.V.)

Item details

Name of item: Lady Denman (M.V.)
Other name/s: Sydney ferry, M.V. "Lady Denman"
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Water
Category: Vessel - harbour & river
Location: Lat: -35.0340081561 Long: 150.6674485140
Primary address: Dent Street, Huskisson, NSW 2540
Parish: Currambene
County: St Vincent
Local govt. area: Shoalhaven
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Jerrinja
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT138 DP720912

Boundary:

The SHR curtilage boundary is limited to the item itself and does not include the land it is located on or the structure it is housed within.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Dent StreetHuskissonShoalhavenCurrambeneSt VincentPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Lady Denman Heritage Complex Huskisson Inc.Community Group 

Statement of significance:

A rare surviving example of the characteristic type of ferryboat which served Sydney Harbour over more than a century, having a long (67 year) association with Sydney Harbour. Strongly associated in the minds of Sydneysiders and past Sydney visitors with the image of Sydney as a harbour city. One of only two surviving traditional wooden Inner Harbour Ferries. A rare surviving example of the design work of Walter Reeks, an innovative and pioneering Australian naval architect. The last remaining ferry built in Huskisson, strongly associated with Huskisson as a place of manufacture and a fine example of the timber ship-building industry at Huskisson. Significant relic of South Coast family timber ship building industry.
Date significance updated: 04 May 01
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Walter Reeks
Builder/Maker: Joseph Dent
Construction years: 1911-1912
Physical description: Double ended wooden ferry, 33.6m long, 7.6m wide (110.4 x 25.0 x 9.0 feet), displacing 96 gross tons. 2 decks, engine room in hull. Hull built by Joseph Dent at Huskisson, NSW for the Balmain New Ferry Co. Ltd. Originally a steam ship. Current configuration with1962 Crossley diesel engine driving a single "push-pull" screw. Main deck orginally featured men's and woman's saloons. Fitted with lavatories & wooden batten seats. Wheel houses at either end. Spotted gum used extensively. Ferry is now out of the water, mounted in a display well at the Lady Denman Heritage Complex, Huskisson to which it was donated by the NSW Government in 1979. (Prescott 1984; Oliver 1998)
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Physical Condition is good as a result of recent conservation work, arresting a long period of deterioration. Machinery removed for separate display.
Date condition updated:02 Jun 98
Modifications and dates: Originally fitted with 2 cylinder 38 hp compound steam engine built by Chapman and Co. Ltd. and tall funnel.
1936 - Fitted with 228 bhp 6 cylinder diesel engine built by L. Gardner and Sons Ltd. and short funnel.
1962 - Fitted with 300 bhp 4 cylinder diesel engine built by Crossley Brothers.
Sundry modifications to seating, upper deck exits etc, dates unknown - during working life of ferry
1990s - part of engine removed to facilitate relocation. Parts held at LDHC near ferry. (Prescott 1984)
Current use: Museum exhibit
Former use: Ferry

History

Historical notes: The Lady Denman was built in Huskisson in 1911 for the Balmain New Ferry Co. Ltd. (subsequently taken over by Sydney Ferries Ltd.) by Joseph Dent, and named after the wife of the then Governor General. The hull was built in Huskisson from local timber, launched then floated to Sydney where machinery was installed and upperworks completed.

1912 - 1936 Lane Cove River run
War years - Cockatoo Island run
End of war to 1979 - Inner Harbour runs, including Taronga Park Zoo, Milsons Point, Cremorne, Hunter's Hill
1979 - Given by Ministry of Transport to Huskisson citizens
1981 - Transported to Jervis Bay
1983 - Moved to Lady Denman Park, Huskisson
1988 - Lady Denman Heritage Complex opened around the Ferry.

The ferry was designed by Walter Reeks, an innovative Sydney naval architect known for his pioneering designs in double-ended propulsion.
(Oliver 1998; Prescott 1984)

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements administering the public ferry system-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
A rare surviving example of the characteristic type of ferryboat which served Sydney Harbour over more than a century. A rare surviving example of the design work of Walter Reeks, an innovative and pioneering Australian naval architect.

The last remaining ferry built in Huskisson, in service for 67 years and one of two surviving traditional wooden Inner Harbour Ferries. Significant relic of South Coast family ship building industry.

The only Sydney Harbour ferry or Australian commercial vessel to be returned to its place of construction.
(Prescott 1984; Oliver 1998)
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Traditional style of ferry, now virtually unrepresented. Current location amongst spotted gums from which it was built. "From Trees to Seas" theme. (Oliver 1998)
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
One of the longest running Sydney Harbour Ferries, which carried tens of millions of passengers over 67 years, representing era of wooden ferries. Strongly associated in the minds of Sydneysiders and past Sydney visitors with the image of Sydney as a harbour city.

Central exhibit of LDHC, which places wooden ship building in its environment, historical and social context.
(Prescott 1984; Oliver 1998)
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Rare evidence of the pioneering design innovations in double ended propulsion undertaken by naval architect Walter Reeks. Preserves construction techniques described by traditional boat builder, Alf Settree in National Trust 1997 Award winning documentary video, 'From Trees to Seas' (Prescott 1984; Oliver 1998)
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
(1) Last remaining ferry built in Huskisson (2) One of three surviving traditional wooden larger Sydney Harbour Ferries (3) One of the last two original Lady Class Ferries (4) only such vessel returned to its place of construction. (Oliver 1998)
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Represents (1) Jervis Bay wooden ship building industry (2) Lady class ferries (3) Sydney Harbour wooden ferries. (Oliver 1998)
Integrity/Intactness: Apart from the removal of the engine (on site with ferry), ferry remains as it was when decomissioned. Relatively minor changes during working life, apart from change from steam to diesel. This reflects the quality of its design and construction which gave it a working life far beyond its anticipated design life. (Prescott 1984; Oliver 1998)
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Continuing conservation work under cover of museum building.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0151809 Nov 01 1739165

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenA.M. Prescott1988'Reeks, Walter 1861-1925' in Serle, Geoffrey (ed) Australian Dictionary of Biography v2 (1891-1934)
WrittenDan Price1991Response to Questions concerning Ferry conservation
WrittenGraeme Andrews1997Untitled letter of support for Ferry Conservation project
WrittenGraeme Andrews1994Ferries of Sydney
TourismJervis Bay Maritime Museum and Gallery2007Lady Denman (M.V.) View detail
WrittenMichael Staples, Conservation Shipwight National Maritime Museum1991Response to Questions concerning Ferry conservation
WrittenRobyn Oliver1998NSW State Heritage Inventory Form
WrittenRobyn Oliver and John Hatton2000Lady Denman Conservation Management Plan
WrittenRoss Saunders1988No Way To Treat a Lady
WrittenWalter Reeks1911General arrangement drawing of a double ended ferry steamer

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5001284
File number: H00/00063


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