Bulli Railway Station group and Movable Objects | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Bulli Railway Station group and Movable Objects

Item details

Name of item: Bulli Railway Station group and Movable Objects
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Location: Lat: -34.33443574 Long: 150.91475530
Primary address: Railway Street, Bulli, NSW 2516
Local govt. area: Wollongong City
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Illawarra

Boundary:

North: south side of the Park Road overbridge (excluding overbridge and lifts); East: boundary of RailCorp property fronting Franklin Avenue; South: 5m south of the platform ends; West: boundary of RailCorp property fronting Railway Street, Bulli.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Railway StreetBulliWollongong City  Primary Address
Franklin AvenueBulliWollongong City  Alternate Address
Park RoadBulliWollongong City  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government21 Oct 98

Statement of significance:

Bulli Railway Station is significant for its rare 1887 station building surviving from the first period of construction of the Illawarra line. The 1887 station building is one of the most intact of only four remaining examples of an 1880s third-class weatherboard station building along the Illawarra line, and remains as a tangible reminder of the role of Bulli Station as a transport hub for the village of Bulli since 1887. The 1923 station building and lamp room demonstrate the expansion of railway activity at Bulli into the early 20th century associated with duplication of the line during the 1920s. The juxtaposition of the 1887 and 1923 platform buildings demonstrate the evolution of railway station architecture during this period, and are both excellent examples of their periods and style. The site has special associations with the staff and volunteers of the Black Diamond District Heritage Centre, located in the central section of the 1887 station building, who continue to be instrumental in the on-going preservation and interpretation of the site.
Date significance updated: 17 Oct 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1887-1923
Physical description: CONTEXT
Bulli Railway Station is located between Railway Street on the west and Franklin Avenue on the east, with the Park Road overbridge at the northern end of the station being a major access point to the platforms via modern lifts attached to the southern side of the overbridge.

The station has two perimeter platforms, each with asphalt surfaces and brick edges. Cream coloured powder coated aluminium fencing defines the station perimeters. There is a car park on the western side of the station (adjacent to the 1923 Platform 1 building), and a curved driveway off Franklin Avenue on the eastern side to access the 1887 Platform 2 building.

LANDSCAPE/NATURAL FEATURES
There is a tree-planted island park along Franklin Street east of the Platform 2 building, which enhances its setting. There is a circular drive around the island park to access the Platform 2 building, which appears to be an early feature of the station's landscape setting.

PRECINCT ELEMENTS
Platform 1 building (1923) (Type 11)
Out of room (1923)
Platform 2 building (1887) (Type 4, third class)
Platform 1 (1923) Platform 2 (1887)

PLATFORMS (1923, 1887)
Two perimeter platforms, each with asphalt surfaces and brick edges.

PLATFORM 1 BUILDING (1923)
Exterior: A large freestanding face brick platform building with a gabled corrugated steel roof. The building features timber tongue and grooved boarding and simple timber bargeboards to gable ends at north and south ends. There are two brick chimneys to the roof. The building has a skillion corrugated steel roof to a cantilevered awning on the platform (east) elevation, the awning being cantilevered on steel brackets mounted on decorative stucco wall brackets. Windows are timber framed double hung, with 9-pane top sashes with multicoloured glass panes. Window and door openings are defined with decorative stucco surrounds. There are some timber flush doors and steel security doors, some 6-pane fanlights with multicoloured glass panes. There is a weatherboard gabled shelter extension at the northern end of the building to shelter the ticket office area.

Interior (Partially accessed 2009): This building was originally planned with a men's toilet, ladies toilet, ladies waiting room, general waiting room, booking office and open booking lobby. The general waiting room has modern floor tiling and a modern security screen door, however retains an original ripple iron ceiling with a metal ceiling rose, and a chimney breast, though the fireplace has been blocked up, and original high moulded timber skirting boards.

OUT OF ROOM (1923)
Exterior: A small freestanding single storey brick lamp room located at the southern end of Platform 1. The building is face brick, with a gabled Colorbond roof, exposed timber rafter ends to eaves, and simple timber barge boards to the north and south gable ends. The gable ends each have rectangular timber louvred vents. The building has timber tongue and grooved boarded double doors opening on to the platform, with a fanlight above. There is a concrete lintel above the doorway. Interior: Not accessed 2009.

PLATFORM 2 BUILDING (1887)
Exterior: This is a single storey gabled weatherboard platform building with weatherboard extensions at both north and south ends. The building has a corrugated steel gabled roof with 2 painted brick chimneys. The gable ends feature decorative timber bargeboards, pendants and finials, and pairs of rectangular timber louvred vents. On the west (platform) elevation, there is a skillion corrugated steel roofed awning supported on timber stop chamfered posts setback from the platform edge. This awning extends along the southern half of the original gabled section of the platform building.

The awning has decorative timber valances to both north and south ends. There are some 2 panel double doors with glazing panels to top, 8-paned fanlights, and timber framed double hung windows. The extension at the southern end is a simple skillion roofed weatherboard room. The extensions at the northern end are a gabled weatherboard room with the gable end transverse to the main ridge of the building's roof. The gable ends to this extension feature timber bargeboards, pendants and finials matching those of the original section of the building. To the north of this extension is a further simple weatherboard skillion roofed room, which is the men's toilets.

The main public entrance to the building was formerly from the street through a central passage with large timber panelled double doors at either side. This doorway is covered by a porch on the eastern elevation with bull nose corrugated iron roofs and cast iron lace frieze. The matching door to the platform is sheltered by the platform awning. Interior: Not accessed 2009. 1916 plans for alterations show the interior plan as an office; a combined parcels & Out-of-room; a signal box (converted from a parcels room), a central booking office, a general waiting room, with porch and verandas; gents and ladies toilets. The building still had a central booking office with staff and passenger facilities on either side in 2004.

MOVEABLE ITEMS
1923 waiting room and ticket office signs attached to Platform 1 building; timber luggage
trolley.
There are also a number of timber station signs on timber posts and station seats on the
platform. The following items were confirmed to be extant in 2012 by the Black Diamond Heritage Centre:
20 lever signal frame.
Interlocking signal frame
Electrical repeaters
Eye ball instrument
4 x block instruments
Next train/platform indicator
Bulli Lamp (Kerosene)
Ptc small lamp
Wooden ticket sales box
Safe
2 wheeled trolley
2 x 4 wheeled luggage trolleys
Timber ambulance box no.420/D
Miscellaneous records of Bulli Railway Station
Timber boxes relating to telecommunications
Standard clip for T rails
Fog signal flags and containers
Ticket / dated punch
Collection of fettlers tools
Flat top fettlers trolley and wheels
Tall writing desk
3 x Timber tables
2 x Small timber cupboards
Timber Service Counter
Stretcher
Bulli Sidings Diagram
Enamelled Small Bulli platform sign
Timber Pigeon hole storage
Set of 4 kerosene drums made into draws
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Platform 1 building (1923): good
Out of room (1923): good
Platform 2 Building (1887) : Moderate
Platforms: good
Lifts: very good
Moveable items: moderate: timber station signs are damaged.
Date condition updated:17 Oct 12
Modifications and dates: 1902: platform lengthened.
1916: signal box built, repairs and upgrading to weatherboard 1887 Platform 2 building.
1919: platform rebuilt in brick.
1923: Platform 1 building and Out-of-room erected (plans dated 1917), Park Road overbridge erected (plans dated 1922).
Post 1920s (date unknown): removal of goods shed, crane and cattle yard from west side of station; removal of lamp room (originally south of 1887 Platform 2 building) and district supers office (north of 1887 platform building) from east side of station.
1985: automatic signalling installed.
1986: line electrified.
2009: Station building (down side) re-roofed, re-painted, damaged timber replaced.
Current use: Railway Station; Museum (Platform 2 building)
Former use: Aboriginal land, farm, former Post Office on the down platform

History

Historical notes: The name Bulli appears to have been first recorded in the Sydney Gazette of 22 April 1815. In 1823 reference was made to a small land holding at "Bull Eye". A 300 acre grant was promised to Cornelius O'Brien on 31 March 1821, whose house was the only one in this part of the district for some years. In 1841 the estate of Bulli, consisting of 900 acres, was offered for private sale and later was subdivided into farms of from 25 to 165 acres. For many years the name Bulli was used for all the country from Wollongong north to Coal Cliff.

The Illawarra line through Bulli opened in June 1887 as part of the then isolated section of the Illawarra Line from Scarborough (Clifton) to Wollongong. The line was duplicated in 1915-1917. Bulli Railway Station was planned as a typical small but complete country station having a standard 3rd class timber station building, unusually also having a detached post office. A Station Master's residence and a goods shed were also constructed in 1887. The 1887 Station Master's cottage (no longer owned by RailCorp) is a good example of the standard structure built during the 1880's. A 5 tonne derrick crane was installed in 1890.

When the line was finally connected to Sydney in October 1888, the station's intended potential was realised which was further extended in 1916 with duplication reaching the station and construction of the Park Road overbridge with its steel beams brick abutments and balustrading. The line was then duplicated in 1923 to Woonona resulting in the construction of the present standard brick platform building on the Up platform, and an out-of-room to the south of the new Platform 1 building. The 1917 plans show an extant "inspectors office" (no longer extant) to the north of the 1887 Platform 2 building. In later years the goods shed and cattle yard at the station were closed and the structure demolished.

In 1984 the Black Diamond Heritage Centre was formed by the Bulli community and they now have a large collection of local history and memorabilia on display in the central section of the 1887 Platform 2 building.

In 1986 the line was electrified as far as Wollongong.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Changing the environment-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Clearing land for farming-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway Station-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Townships-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Changing land uses - from rural to suburban-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Resuming private lands for public purposes-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Subdivision of rural estates-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th Century Infrastructure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Utilities-Activities associated with the provision of services, especially on a communal basis Public Transport - suburban railway lines-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Utilities-Activities associated with the provision of services, especially on a communal basis Railways connecting coastal settlements-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Railway work culture-
6. Educating-Educating Education-Activities associated with teaching and learning by children and adults, formally and informally. Adult Education-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. State government-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Developing roles for government - building and administering rail networks-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Developing cultural institutions and ways of life-National Theme 8
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Victorian (late)-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Landscaping - Victorian period-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Landscaping - 20th century interwar-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Interior design styles and periods - Victorian-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Living in suburbia-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Visiting heritage places-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Developing and maintaining a local museum-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Places of informal community gatherings-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Belonging to a trade union-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Bulli Railway Station is of historical significance for its 1887 Platform 2 building surviving from the first period of construction of the Illawarra line, and for its 1923 Platform 1 building and out of room, which demonstrate the duplication of the line at this time. Bulli Railway Station is also of historical significance for its role as a transport hub for the village of Bulli since 1887, and demonstrates expansion of the railway station into the early 20th century.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Bulli Railway Station is of aesthetic significance for its 1887 and 1923 platform buildings, which demonstrate changing railway station architecture over this period. The 1887 Platform 2 building at Bulli is one of the best examples of an 1880s weatherboard third class station building surviving on the Illawarra line (other examples at Albion Park, Dapto and Thirroul). The 1923 brick platform building is a good representative example of a Federation period railway station building, of a type and construction material which is common on the Illawarra line.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The presense of the Black Diamond District Heritage Centre occupying the central section of the 1887 Platform 2 building indicates that the place has a specific social significance for the local community.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The 1887 Platform 2 building at Bulli is one of the best examples of an 1887 weatherboard third class platform building surviving on the Illawarra line, and one of the few buildings extant from the 1887 period of the lines' construction, with most others being replaced in 1915 for the duplication of the line. The Bulli Platform 2 building is one of only four extant 1887 weatherboard 3rd class platform buildings remaining on the Illawarra line, the others being at Albion Park Rail, Dapto and Thirroul. With the platform building at Albion Park Rail, the Bulli Platform 2 building is one of the two most intact extant platform buildings of this type.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The 1887 and 1923 platform buildings and Out-of-room represent standard design railway station architecture of their respective periods of construction. Bulli, with its 1887 weatherboard third class platform building, is one of only 4 stations on the Illawarra line with examples of weatherboard versions of this type of platform building (other examples at Albion Park, Dapto and Thirroul).
Integrity/Intactness: High level of integrity.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 
Recommended ManagementCarry out interpretation, promotion and/or education 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act - Site Specific Exemptions HERITAGE ACT 1977

ORDER UNDER SECTION 57(2)
TO GRANT SITE SPECIFIC EXEMPTIONS FROM APPROVAL

Bulli Railway Station Group and Movable Objects

SHR No. 1829

I, the Minister for Heritage, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, in pursuance of section 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, do, by this my order, grant an exemption from section 57(1) of that Act in respect of the engaging in or carrying out of any activities described in Schedule "C" on the land described in Schedule "B" on the item described in Schedule "A".




The Hon Robyn Parker, MP.
Minister for Heritage


Sydney, 8th Day of April 2013


SCHEDULE "A"

The item known as Bulli Railway Station Group and Movable Objects, situated on the land described in Schedule "B".


SCHEDULE "B"

All those pieces or parcels of land known shown on the plan catalogued HC 2557 in the office of the Heritage Council of New South Wales.

SCHEDULE "C"
EXEMPTIONS UNDER SECTION 57(2)
-----------------------------------------------------------

Exemptions
------------------ -
All Standard Exemptions

Reason/ comments
------------------------------
These cover a full range of activities that do not require Heritage Council approval, including Standard Exemption 7 which allows consideration of additional unspecified types of minor works for exemption.


Exemptions
---------------
1.Upgrade, or minor alterations to the existing passenger lifts connecting the road bridge to the platforms, providing there is no adverse impact on the heritage significance of the place
2.Alterations for office fit-out including the replacement, relocation or addition of non structural internal partitions, workstations or other furnishing that do not alter or add openings, walls, or structural fabric that has been identified as being significant; and have no adverse or irreversible impact on significant furnishings, layouts, fabric or spaces.
3.Upgrade or minor alterations to the existing carpark, providing there are no new buildings erected or no adverse impact on the heritage significance of the place.
4.The removal of existing security grills and replacement with a more sympathetic design, providing there is no adverse impact on the heritage significance of the place.
5.Internal activities to alter the display and presentation of museum artefacts and signage, providing there is no adverse impact on the heritage significance of the place.
6.All work to heritage fabric shall be undertaken by qualified tradesmen with practical experience in the conservation of similar items.


Reason/ comments
------------------------------
To provide for the continued operation and day-to-day maintenance of the site without the need to obtain Heritage Council approval where those activities do not impact on the heritage significance of the site.
Aug 30 2013
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Aug 30 2013

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0182930 Aug 13 1073933
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez rez rez
rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5011957


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.