Cowra Railway Station and yard group | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Cowra Railway Station and yard group

Item details

Name of item: Cowra Railway Station and yard group
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Location: Lat: 33.834588074 Long: 148.7001505552
Primary address: Blayney-Harden railway, Cowra, NSW 2794
Local govt. area: Cowra
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Cowra
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1 DP1028751
LOT1 DP1159507
LOT1 DP1186765
LOT2 DP1186765
LOT3 DP1186765
LOT1 DP1187000
LOT2 DP1187000
LOT1 DP575470
LOT1 DP909348
LOT1 DP961451

Boundary:

The listing boundary is in 4 parts. Firstly, the Examiners hut is bounded by a line approximately 5 m away from the structure on all sides. Secondly, the station complex is bounded by a line running along the railway boundary on the eastern side turning west on the north side incorporating the water stand and tank, then turning south and incorporating the carpark and park area following the property boundary to a point where it turns south east to include the railway institute. The boundary then turns north behind the Institute until the entry road which it follows until the southern end of the platform. The boundary around the locomotive roundhouse includes all buildings and structures in the area presently leased by the Lachlan Valley Railway Co-op Society Ltd. The residence is bounded by its yard boundary to three sides and by the tracks to the east.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Blayney-Harden railwayCowraCowra  Primary Address
Campbell StreetCowraCowra  Alternate Address
Lynch StreetCowraCowra  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government22 Oct 98

Statement of significance:

Cowra was reached by rail in 1886 from Young and linked to Blayney in 1888, forming the first cross country line. The station complex forms an interesting and complete group of buildings that illustrate the importance of the location through the development of the site, particularly the station building. Many periods of construction in varying styles are evident within the group and in the station buildings making the present structures unique. The complex forms an important civic group on one of the major approaches to Cowra having a strong relationship to the town and the nearby locomotive facilities. The station building is a significant civic structure within the town. The Institute building is one of the few remaining in the state and is of high significance for its social value in illustrating the importance of the railways to not only the work but the social, education and entertainment life of employees and their families. The examiners hut is a rare early example of such a building and is of high significance. The forecourt parking area (although the surface treatment has altered from the original) and grounds are of significance due to their connecting the streetscape and to the station complex. The site is in close proximity to the Cowra Locomotive Depot which is one of the few active remaining locomotive depots in the state. This association enhances the significance of both groups of structures.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1886-
Physical description: Curtilage includes all infrastructure, vegetation and archaeological relics in Cowra yard between up and down distant signals. All infrastructure and vegetation included in the former Cowra locomotive depot.

BUILDINGS
Station building (1886) - standard roadside HS
Signal Box (1937) - non-standard platform level timber box with gable roof
Former Station Masters Residence (1886) - type 3, 32 Brougham St
Railways Institute Building (c1886)
Examiners Hut (c.1886)
Roundhouse and Environs, HS

STRUCTURES
Water Column
Water Tanks with brick base
Footbridge - timber
Turntable

PLANT + EQUIPMENT
drop pit jack in locomotive depot

LANDSCAPE
Forecourt and grounds.
Locomotive depot, roundhouse, gardens, buildings, war memorial, turntable, footpaths and approaches - an almost complete country locomotive depot.
Yard layout, c. 1930`s

More detailed information is available for the following buildings:

RAILWAY STATION BUILDING:
Complex and substantially modified form. Painted terracotta asymmetrical brick building with corrugated iron clad hipped roof with three transverse gables and gablet details. Decorative timber bargeboards, gablet vents, finials and pendants, and vents under eaves at gable ends. Four painted brick chimneys. Concrete detailing (lintels, sills and plinth) Projecting central portico entrance with corrugated iron hipped verandah either side, extended to the south with simple timber posts and decorative cast iron lacework brackets (south only). Pebblecrete floor of verandah with painted dark brown square profile timber posts and cream cast iron lacework. Combination of hipped, skillion and flat roof extensions to north. Originally separate south pavilion (joined to main building) has a corrugated iron gable roof with lantern. Timber and corrugated iron roof platform awning with steel arched supports and cast iron Corinthian posts with decorative lacework brackets. Corrugated iron awnings over windows. No platform furniture. Metal bars on windows. Brick platform face with asphalt surface (GML, 2016).

DISTRICT LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER'S OFFICE (DLE):
Single-storey building with square floor plan, central fireplace and four main areas including offices, conference room, meal room and kitchen. Building measures approximately 12 x 12m. Fabric consists of corrugated iron roof, timber floors covered with linoleum, external weatherboard walls. Interior walls are also weatherboard and ceiling is timber. Chimney and fireplace surrounds are of brick construction (GML, 2016).

AMENITIES BUILDING:
Single-storey rectangular building measuring 17 x 5m. Layout consists of five main spaces including meal room, wash room, toilets, showers and laundry. Corrugated asbestos roof sheeting, hardwood flooring in the large meal room, and concrete slab flooring elsewhere. Exterior walls consist of weatherboard from ground to waist-level and fibrous cement sheets to the roof eaves. Ceiling and interior walls are fibrous cement sheeting. Building in very poor condition (GML, 2016).

SIGNAL BOX:
Terracotta painted single room structure with corrugated iron skillion roof.

WATER TANK AND COLUMN AT STATION:
One type 3 Tank on a rare Type O brick stand with internal cavity. The tank sits on I beams. (Extent, 2016).

WATER TANKS AT DEPOT:
Two Type 3 Tanks on Type D Stands (stands no longer extant). One tank features a manufacturers plate, "Albion Engine Works, 1887, Davy and Sands Founders, Pyrmont Sydney".

FORMER STATION MASTERS RESIDENCE:
Located at the Brougham Street level crossing, the residence is described as a Type 3. However, it appears to have been heavily modified and no longer exhibits the square footprint and pyramidal roof form. It was constructed in 1886 concurrent with the railway station building almost 1km north. The property is currently tenanted by a resident with historical connections with Cowra Railway Station (2016).
Current use: Railway Station; community groups: Historical Society; Dramatic Soc.; Ballet
Former use: Railway Station

History

Historical notes: Parts of the station (ticket office,waiting room) are currently used for rail services for the Lachlan Valley railway. Community groups lease parts of the station complex. The Cowra Musical and Dramatic Society have leased part since 1989 and their current rooms since 1993. Other groups leasing space are the Cowra Eisteddfod, Cowra Historical Society and Cowra Ballet School (Artspeak, 2009, 4).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Other open space-
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Changing the environment-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes of institutions - productive and ornamental-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and parklands of distinctive styles-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway Station-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Public tramline system-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Adapted heritage building or structure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on rural development-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Railway work culture-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. State government-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Developing roles for government - conserving cultural and natural heritage-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Developing roles for government - building and administering rail networks-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Federation Arts and Crafts-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Landscaping - Federation period-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Interior design styles and periods - Edwardian-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Gathering at landmark places to socialise-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Going to talks and lectures-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Visiting heritage places-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Going to the theatre-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Activities associated with relaxation and recreation-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Community volunteering-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Belonging to an historical society or heritage organisation-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Fund-raising activities for community charities-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Commemorating war losses-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Developing clubs for social improvement-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Places of informal community gatherings-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Joining together to study and appreciate local history-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Developing and maintaining a local museum-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Developing local clubs and meeting places-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Developing local clubs and meeting places-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
This item is assessed as historically rare. This item is assessed as scientifically rare. This item is assessed as arch. rare. This item is assessed as socially rare.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 
Recommended ManagementCarry out interpretation, promotion and/or education 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0112202 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Tourism 2007Heritage Express Rail Journeys View detail
WrittenArts out West2009Groups negotiating to stay at Cowra Railway Station, in "Local Arts News", in 'Artspeak' March 2009, issue 80
TourismAttraction Homepage2007Heritage Express Rail Journeys View detail
WrittenGML Heritage2016Typological Study of Railway Amenities Buildings and Related Ancillary Buildings
WrittenOffice of Railway Heritage2012Railway garden and landscape conservation guide

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5011979
File number: EF14/4584


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