Goulburn Railway Station, yard group and movable relics | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Goulburn Railway Station, yard group and movable relics

Item details

Name of item: Goulburn Railway Station, yard group and movable relics
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Location: Lat: -34.7570550375 Long: 149.7212851370
Primary address: Main Southern railway, Goulburn, NSW 2580
Local govt. area: Goulburn Mulwaree
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Pejar
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1 DP1187262

Boundary:

Goulburn Railway Precinct: The listing boundary for the station & railway yard precinct commences at the Blackshaw Road railway level crossing to the north, the eastern boundary follows the railway property boundary and the Blackshaw Road boundary, the southern boundary is the Sydney side of the Blackshaw Road underbridge and the western boundary is along Sloane Street. The listing excludes various parcels of privately owned land including the Pacific National depot off Blackshaw Road and the former railway workshops site and the Goulburn Railway Institute Bowling Club site on Sloane Street. The listing boundary for the signal box is the footprint of the building and 5m from the footprint in all directions Goulburn Roundhouse/Locomotive Depot: The listing boundary for the pumphouse near the corner of Sloane Street & Finlay Road is the footprint of the building. The listing boundary for the Roundhouse/Locomotive Depot is the fenced boundary as shown in the lease to the Goulburn Loco Roundhouse Preservation Society.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Main Southern railwayGoulburnGoulburn Mulwaree  Primary Address
Sloane StreetGoulburnGoulburn Mulwaree  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government29 Oct 98

Statement of significance:

Goulburn railway precinct is of state significance as one of the earliest principal rail locations in NSW and has had continuous use as a major railway centre since the 1860s. The main station building (1869) is significant as the earliest 'first class' station building constructed in NSW. The railway station is a prominent public building in Goulburn that, along with other significant railway structures in the adjacent yard, is closely associated with the development of Goulburn in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The major railway buildings and other structures at Goulburn are integral to the history and identity of a town which has relied to a great extent on the railways for its growth and development for a large part of its history, with the railway being the major employer for much of Goulburn's history.

Other significant items within the Goulburn railway precinct include the former Station Master's residence (1869), the former Gatekeeper's residence on Blackshaw Road (c1869), the c1891 barracks, the former carriage and per way workshops (part of which remain in private ownership), and the former administrative headquarters on Sloane Street.

The Goulburn barracks building is an excellent representative example of 1890s railway barracks construction, is one of the oldest extant railway barracks in NSW, and is associated with an important historical phase in the history of NSW: the rapid development of the NSW railway network in the late 19th century. It is important as an example of a standard 19th century railway design, and along with the two residences at Goulburn, is significant as a group that collectively demonstrate the custom of providing accommodation for railway staff.
Date significance updated: 12 Sep 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: William Mason
Builder/Maker: J. Taylor
Construction years: 1868-1915
Physical description: LANDSCAPE
forecourt and plantings to Sloane Street including stone gutters

BUILDINGS
station buildings
- No 1 platform type 5, first class building brick 1869, RNE, LEP, HS
- Nos 2/3 type 11, initial island/side building of thirteen bays,1915, RNE, LEP
refreshment rooms - brick building (part of island building) with clerestorey, plat 2/3, 1915
signal box - brick 2 storey with gable roof, 1970s
residences -
- station master's 7 Sloane St, type 4, 2 storey brick, 1868, RNE, HS
- gatekeeper's 58 Reign St, type 1, brick and stone, 1868, RNE, HS
- gatekeeper's 1 Blackshaw Rd, type 1, brick and stone, 1868, RNE,
- HS railway barracks - brick in three pavilions, c. 1880, RNE, PCO, LEP, HS
- standard barracks, 1891
admin offices for locomotive supervisor (former police barracks), 1912, RNE, PCO, LEP goods shed - through shed 146' x 45' corrugated iron c. 1870s, LEP
locomotive straight shed - "Wellington Shed" built in Wellington 1in 1880 and transferred to Goulburn in 1930
roundhouse - brick and corrugated iron including turntable, 1916, RNE, HS
workshops - perway and carriage workshops, c. 1881

STRUCTURES
footbridge - 1894
footbridge over yard - 1899
water tank - near station
water column - platform 2 south end, RNE, HS
pumphouse
turntable
Mulwaree Ponds dam

ARTEFACTS
Cedar wall panelling, 6.2/2.3, (AW01), refreshment room
Timber door panels, 2.1 high, (AD06), refreshment room
Train controllers desk timber, 2.0/1.1/1.6, (TA06) area managers office
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
All buildings are generally in good condition.
Date condition updated:04 Sep 13
Modifications and dates: c. 1870s goods shed - through shed 146' x 45' corrugated iron
c. 1880 HS railway barracks - brick in three pavilions
c. 1881workshops - perway and carriage workshops

1891 standard barracks
1894 footbridge
1899 footbridge over yard

1912 admin offices for locomotive supervisor (former police barracks)
1915 added Nos 2/3 type 11, initial island/side building of thirteen bays, refreshment rooms - brick building (part of island building) with clerestorey, plat 2/3
1916 roundhouse - brick and corrugated iron including turntable

1930 locomotive straight shed - "Wellington Shed" built in Wellington 1in 1880 and transferred to Goulburn in 1930

1970s
signal box - brick 2 storey with gable roof
Further information: revise 1993 CMP (Jyoti Somerville architectural conservation consultant and Rod Howard Heritage Conservation P/L)
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Railway Station

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Goulburn was one of the earliest major railway centres in NSW and is therefore associated with the earliest development of railway infrastructure in regional NSW in the 1860s. The construction of the line to Goulburn was a major milestone in the development of the railways during the 19th Century and opened up the pastoral industry in this region to new markets. The 1860s station building is significant as one of the earliest first class buildings constructed in NSW, indicating the importance of Goulburn as a major railway centre in the state. The barracks building is one of the earliest extant buildings of its type constructed in NSW, and along with the two railway residences at Goulburn, is significant as a group that collectively demonstrate the custom of providing designated accommodation for railway staff. The site is significant for its collection of buildings form various periods, demonstrating continuous railway activity on the site for almost 150 years
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The site is associated with John Whitton (‘Father of the NSW Railways’), through his achievement in completing the trunk lines to Goulburn. The line from Picton to Goulburn via Thirlmere is one of Whitton’s greatest triumphs throughout his career.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The 1860s station building is a significant and imposing landmark in Goulburn which demonstrates a high level of aesthetic significance. The building is a fine example of a first-class Victorian Italianate railway building, demonstrating the importance of railway development during the earliest period of railway construction. Aspects of the main buildings of special note are the original interiors including the interior of the refreshment room.

The 1915 station building and railway refreshment rooms are significant for demonstrating a variation on a standard building type employed throughout NSW, adapted to accommodate the high level of traffic at Goulburn railway station.

Several other items within the precinct are excellent examples of their type and demonstrate technical and/or aesthetic significance, particularly the Station Master's and Gatekeeper’s residences which are good examples of Victorian Gothic style domestic buildings. The roundhouse is of significance as a good example of a large scale industrial railway structure retaining much of its original fabric and form. The railway barracks building at Goulburn is aesthetically significant as an example of late 19th century standard railway architecture.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The major railway buildings at Goulburn are integral to the history and identity of the town which has relied on the railways to a large extent for its growth and prosperity, particularly in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The depot, in particular, employed a large number of people, many of whom still live in or near Goulburn.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The site has research significance as Goulburn once contained the most comprehensive group or railway buildings outside Sydney, representing most stages of railway development and technology. Much of this infrastructure remains. The roundhouse and associated structures are maintained and interpreted by a local rail heritage group, allowing public access to the roundhouse and surrounds. The collection of residential buildings within close proximity are of research potential by providing an insight into the variety of residences used to accommodate railway staff; providing a contrast between the simple, utilitarian barracks and the grand Station Master’s residence.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The site is rare as a large scale railway precinct, retaining the majority of its significant features. The Goulburn locomotive depot is rare as an excellent example of a largely intact locomotive depot in NSW, with the roundhouse being one of only seven remaining roundhouse buildings in NSW. The 1869 Gatekeeper's residence is a rare example of its type still in railway ownership and one of the earliest extant examples of its type in NSW. The footbridge is one of only a few surviving old rail truss footbridges, and is a good example of the effects of the economic constraints of the 1890s.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The site has representative significance for its collection of railway structures that collectively demonstrate widespread 19th and early 20th century railway customs, activities and design in NSW, and are representative of similar items that are found in many other railway precincts across the state.

The c1890 barracks building is a good representative example of late 19th century barracks (rest house) design, displaying full length verandahs on two sides and other features typical of barracks design in the late 19th century.

The 1860s station building is a fine example of the first class station buildings constructed throughout major NSW towns during the 19th Century.

The 1915 station building is a good example of a standard (A8 - A10) early twentieth century station design with fabric, form and details typical of many other island platform buildings of the period.
Integrity/Intactness: The station buildings, roundhouse, barracks building and several other significant buildings at Goulburn remain largely intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0115202 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJyoti Sommerville1993Gouldburn Railway Station conservation plan
TourismTourism NSW2007Goulburn Rail Heritage Centre View detail

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5012022
File number: 11/05477


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