Goulburn Viaduct (Mulwaree Ponds) | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Goulburn Viaduct (Mulwaree Ponds)

Item details

Name of item: Goulburn Viaduct (Mulwaree Ponds)
Other name/s: Mulwaree River Railway Viaduct
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Bridge/ Viaduct
Location: Lat: -34.7495194679 Long: 149.7339023690
Primary address: Main Southern railway, Goulburn, NSW 2580
Local govt. area: Goulburn Mulwaree
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Pejar
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT233 DP1113974
LOT2 DP1117744
LOT1 DP999920

Boundary:

The listing boundary is formed by the area on which the viaduct and its approaches are located and an area around defined by a line approximately 20 metres from the viaduct in all directions. The listing includes embankments, supports, remains of earlier viaduct and track formation.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Main Southern railwayGoulburnGoulburn Mulwaree  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government29 Oct 98

Statement of significance:

The bridge has significance because it is part of the major duplication of the Main South Railway, the use of brick construction compliments the natural environment, the duplication work contributed significantly to the continued development of South Western New South Wales, commercially through freight trains and socially through faster, better passenger trains and in the ‘era of brick arch construction’, 1910-23, there were around 90 railway sites where brick arches singly and in multiples, for clear spans from 6.1 m (20 feet) to 13.1 m (43 feet) were built. This viaduct is the longest on the Main South with 13 x 13.1 m (43 feet) clear span brick arches. The bridge retains its original fabric and structure. On the Up (north) side there are the skw brick piers of the 1869 bridge for the original single track to Goulburn, built during the Whitton era.
Date significance updated: 28 Apr 06
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Engineering staff of NSWGR
Builder/Maker: Day Labour
Construction years: 1915-1915
Physical description: A large brick arch viaduct consisting of 13 x 13.1 m (43 feet) spans over the Mulwaree River, in Goulburn and is accessible from Mulwaree Street.

The skew brick piers of the 1869 single track railway are on the Up (north) side of the brick viaduct.

viaduct over Mulwaree Ponds 1914, including abandoned piers, 1868
Modifications and dates: Physical condition is good.
Current use: Railway Viaduct (Bridge)
Former use: Railway Viaduct (Bridge)

History

Historical notes: By the early 1900s much of the original single track railways in New South Wales had become inadequate for railway operations, particularly the busy Main Lines (South, West and North) through the Great Dividing Range. Plans were made to duplicate the tracks and at the same time ease the original steep grades and sharp curves, usually all achieved by deviation works.

It was a major programme beginning in 1910 and continuing to 1923. The dominant bridge building material was bricks, mostly from the 1912 State Brickworks at Homebush and mostly in the form of brick arches. This was due to (a) a general lack of expensive imported steel and (b) a long standing government policy to see local materials used as much as possible. Even for short spans, 6.1 m (20 feet) and 9.14 m (30 feet), where a simple steel plate web girder would have been the norm, brick arches were built.

The quantity of bricks used in the programme was enormous so the period 1910-23 could be aptly described as the ‘era of brick arch construction’. Thereafter, locally produced steel, from Newcastle and Port Kembla, displaced the use of bricks for superstructures, but large quantities of bricks continued to be used for piers, abutments and wings walls.

In the duplication programme, that of the Main South was the largest. It had been duplicated to Picton by 1892, then from 1913 to 1922 duplication was extended to Cootamundra, a distance of 343 kms (213 miles), in sections but not always sequentially. For example the 52 km first section from Picton to Bowral was one of the last completed in 1919 whereas the 89 kms section, Bowral to Goulburn, had been completed in 1915.

The section of the Main South from Moss Vale to Goulburn has some of the largest brick arch viaducts, all associated with the Wollondilly River and its tributaries. Four of these have the brick piers of their 1869 bridges on their Up (north) sides.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The bridge is part of the major duplication of the Main South Railway, particularly the section from Moss Vale to Goulburn. From the first crossing of the Wollondilly River to the Mulwaree River at Goulburn, the duplication is next to the original 1869 single line.
At both crossings of the Wollondilly River and at Boxers Creek and the Mulwaree River, the brick piers of the original bridges are still in place.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The bridge is readily accessible from Mulwaree Street, Goulburn and is set in a natural environment.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The duplication work contributed significantly to the continued development of South Western New South Wales, commercially through freight trains and socially through faster, better passenger trains.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
In the ‘era of brick arch construction’, 1910-23, there were around 90 railway sites where brick arches singly and in multiples, for clear spans from 6.1 m (20 feet) to 13.1 m (43 feet) were built. This viaduct is the longest on the Main South Railway with 13 brick arches of 13.1 m (43 feet) clear spans.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
A good representative example of brick arch construction.
Integrity/Intactness: The bridge retains its original fabric and structure.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0103502 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rail Infrastructure Corporation s.170 Register2003 Rail Infrastructure Corporation  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenDon Fraser1995Bridges Down Under
TourismTourism NSW2007Wollondilly Walking Trails View detail

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5012023


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