Mudgee Railway Station, yard and locomotive yard | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Mudgee Railway Station, yard and locomotive yard

Item details

Name of item: Mudgee Railway Station, yard and locomotive yard
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Location: Lat: -32.6012418411 Long: 149.5877326310
Primary address: Wallerawang-Gwabegar railway, Mudgee, NSW 2850
Local govt. area: Mid-Western Regional
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Mudgee
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Wallerawang-Gwabegar railwayMudgeeMid-Western Regional  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government05 Nov 98

Statement of significance:

Mudgee station and yard group is one of the best surviving Victorian station and yard groups in which most of the components are intact with major structures surviving from the time of opening and from early in the 1900's. It exhibits the confidence in railway construction in the 1880's and the continuation of that confidence by the quality of the extensions to the station building in 1913 when most railway buildings were standardised and of cheaper construction. It is one of the very few similar buildings to survive without exterior masonry being painted. The station building, although added to, retains its early form and is a major civic building in Mudgee. It marks an important phase in railway construction at the end of the boom period, following the goldrushes to western NSW.
Date significance updated: 27 Nov 00
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: John Whitton
Construction years: 1883-1884
Physical description: Yard
The yard runs east-west in an elongated form matching the railway line. It terminates at the eastern end with a concrete overbridge. To the west of the station building is the foot warming furnace and coal bins, which have been roofed. The Station is surrounded by a gravelled parking area and nature strip to the north, by the goods yard to the east, which includes the dock, crane, weighbridge and office. Further east is the Engine Running Shed and associated buildings. A range of residences and the Barracks line Inglis Street. To the south of the Station, and across the tracks, is a park-like area leased to the Mudgee Base Hospital.

Station Building
The Station is a break fronted building of red brick with sandstone foundations and quoins. A massing of roof structure in the centre of the building provides a focus, being decorated with cast iron finials and crestings. A date plaque sits underneath this central moulded pediment. The roof is hipped corrugated iron with ridge vents and is also broken by elaborately moulded chimneys. A band of painted renderwork decorates the exterior at cornice level. Wings at either end of the building form the termination of the cast iron verandah on the Inglis Street face, while facing the tracks an elaborate awning runs the length of the building. Pavilions at either end of the Station were once free standing, but have been linked by later infill.

Internally, a sense of space is created by the use of high ceilings. The walls are plastered and many rooms retain their hardwood floors. Externally the windows and fanlights have arched heads, but internally are finished horizontally with squared architraves. One room appears to have retained its original chimney piece, but all other fixtures have been removed.

List of associated buildings and structures:

Western Area
Foot warmer furnace and coal bins
Church Street overbridge
Former Church Street Gatehouse (1883), 162 Church Street (not in SHR curtilage?)


Eastern Area
Underground brick tanks, one near goods yard entrance and the other near barracks building
Barracks building (1987)
Weighbridge (stamped H. Pooley & Son Ltd., Birmingham and London No.524) and Weighbridge Office
Goods Shed and platform (1883)
Jib Crane (10 ton steel crane stamped H.P. Gregory & Co., San Francisco Cal.)
Group of small timber framed buildings used by staff
Engine Shed (1891) Loco Store (1891), tanks (1883) and associated pits, water columns and coal stages.
Railway staff (former Guards, Engine Driver's and Porter's Cottages - 1883), Cottages 9-15 Inglis Street
Former Barracks and Staff Residence (1883), 5-7 Inglis Street
60 foot turntable (1903)
Modifications and dates: 1883-4 Construction according to original plans
1911 Addition of Refreshment Room and Parcel office in adjoining yard.
1917 Old 'Out Of' room converted into a bar
1920 Telegraph Office inserted in enclosed verandah. Further enclosures were undertaken to augment staff facilities. Main facade altered through the creation of doors from windows and rendering and painting the brickwork.
1944 Present Parcels Office and 'Out Of' room constructed.
Current use: Restaurant, Bar, Lounge
Former use: Railway Station

History

Historical notes: Mudgee residents made representations during the planning of the Great Western Railway to have the line built from Newcastle to Singleton and on to Mudgee. Bathurst, however, was successful in having the line extended from Penrith, which was completed in 1876.

The residents of Mudgee continued to lobby for their own line and formed a committee in 1870 to advance their cause. In 1873 the Government proposed a line between Kelso and Mudgee, but when nothing happened, residents formed the Mudgee Railway league in 1875. Small progress was made in 1876, when a survey was undertaken, but work did not progress until 1879 when Parliament voted for the construction of a line between Wallerwang and Mudgee. This bill was mainly due to the efforts of Sir John Robertson, member for Mudgee and Chairman of the Mudgee Railway League. Sir John was honoured for his efforts, turning the first sod for the line on 23 September 1880.

The line, however, was not officially opened until 11 September 1884. Extravagant celebrations marked the opening of the line, beginning with the arrival of the decorated mail train on the morning of the 10 September. This was followed by a picnic at Market Square, now Robertson Park. The official opening followed on the 11th with a procession of bands through the streets to the station where the ministerial train broke the ribbon. Celebrations continued at Market Square with an outdoor feast and a banquet and ball in the evening. Sheedy (1988:15) states that the opening of the railway "was the climax of one of the greatest days in the history of Mudgee and saw the realization of nearly 25 years hard and persistent representation by the citizens for 'their' railway."

The station building was designed by John Whitton, Engineer and built according to his plan. Whitton seems to have realised the importance of the railway to people of Mudgee and created a building in scale and grandeur that was only surpassed by the Devonshire Street Terminus and the station buildings in Newcastle, Albury and Hay.

The yard layout has not altered greatly since 1883, although the Station Master's Residence, Railway Institute, Signal's and Examiner's Cabins and Garages have been demolished.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Public tramline system-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The Mudgee Railway Station is of State significance as a fine example of a Victorian boom style railway station.

The Railway Station is of local significance as a town landmark.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The Mudgee Railway Station and yard are of State significance as a rare surviving example of original railway line and siding arrangements. The Railway Station is rare in the degree and extent to which it retains its original fabric and character.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The Mudgee Railway Station and yard are of State significance as being representative of large country railway stations erected in the late Victorian period. It is a fine example of its type due to its integrity and the retention of original fabric, particularly in relation to the layout of the rails and sidings.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0120402 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     
Potential Heritage ItemH    

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Tourism 2007Mudgee Railway Station, yard and locomotive yard View detail
TourismAttraction Homepage2007Mudgee Railway Station, yard and locomotive yard View detail
WrittenDavid Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects1988Mudgee Station Conservation & Management Plan

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5012115
File number: S90/02845/004


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