Rozelle Hospital - Broughton Hall | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Rozelle Hospital - Broughton Hall

Item details

Name of item: Rozelle Hospital - Broughton Hall
Other name/s: Broughton Hall, Rivendell
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Health Services
Category: Psychiatric hospital/Mental institute/Asylum
Location: Lat: 33.869755115706 Long: 151.15824693
Primary address: Balmain Road, Lilyfield, NSW 2040
Parish: Petersham
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Leichhardt
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1 DP1043540
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Balmain RoadLilyfieldLeichhardtPetershamCumberlandPrimary Address
Glover StreetLilyfieldLeichhardt  Alternate Address
Church StreetLilyfieldLeichhardtPetershamCumberlandAlternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
NSW Department of HealthState Government 

Statement of significance:

The house is one of the oldest remaining in the district and has strong associations with the early development and history of the Rozelle area. It is an impressive early Victorian Georgian residence.

The house is set in extensive grounds, which retain much of their original layout, features and plantings, including a dense planting of NSW and other rainforest tree species, some sent and recommended by Charles Moore, then curator of the Botanic Gardens, Sydney. These are planted along a creekline running north-east of the house, and include the rare rose apple, (Syzygium moorei), named after Moore, many species of palms, Bunya pines (Araucaria bidwillii), hoop pines, (A.cunninghamii), and kauri pines, (Agathis spp., most likely A.robusta, Qld. kauri).

Landscape elements include path systems, decorative gateways, greenhouses etc.

Another garden area north of Broughton Hall is a Japanese garden planted c1930s, including a red arched bridge and watercourse, Port Jackson pines/ cypress pines, (Callitris columellaris) and smooth-barked apple trees or Sydney red gums, (Angophora costata) of considerable maturity and beauty.
Date significance updated: 01 Dec 00
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: unknown (house); Charles Moore (plantings); Michael Dysart (Clinic, 1960s)
Construction years: 1842-1842
Physical description: Grounds:
Rozelle Hospital site is 61 hectares of undulating waterfront parkland site, with complexes of buildings clustered across it, and diverse landscape elements and plantings. The site incorporates many layers of archaeological, Aboriginal, historic, cultural, aesthetic and environmental heritage.

It contains many heritage buildings, including two of the original houses (1839 (Garryowen) and 1841-2 (Broughton Hall)) of the three original estates on which it is based: and the magnificent Kirkbride Block, completed in 1885 for the Callan Park Psychiatric Hospital, and now the campus of the Sydney College of the Arts.

Broughton Hall (1841-2)
Even in the 1850s and 1860s a 'trip to Leichhardt was regarded as a 'run into the country' (Burge, 2001, 17).
Broughton Hall's once-private residential grounds were once an elaborate horticultural showpiece of Victorian horticulture with bedding schemes, shrubs and tree plantings in formal and informal variety. Its surviving plantings date from across the late nineteenth and twentieth century, including some rare species (Stuart Read, pers.comm, 12/8/2015).

Expansive grounds comprising rainforest landscaping and other temperate climate trees and shrubs arrayed around a creekline running northeast of the house downhill to the Parramatta River. Terracing and level changes marked in brick and stone retaining walls are immediately north of Broughton Hall's main homestead.

The rainforest gully is beyond that. Its grounds include rainforest species planting following the creek line north east of the house. Plantings date from across the late nineteenth and twentieth century, including some rare species.

Mature trees in this part of the grounds include some rare and endangered species, such as the rose apple / durobby / coolamon / watermelon tree (Syzygium moorei) , growing uphill southeast of Broughton Hall's rainforest gully. This species hails from Northern NSW rainforests (other specimens of this tree occur only in the Sydney Botanic Garden and in Overthorpe, Double Bay), the Jamaican juniper (Juniperus bermudiana, which is critically endangered on Jamaica due to logging), the Pacific Island kauri pine (Agathis moorei, or possibly A.lanceolata) and the Queensland kauri (A.robusta). These are most likely there due to the influence of then Director of the Sydney Botanic Garden, Charles Moore, who was particularly fond of rainforest and South Pacific tree species (Stuart Read, pers.comm., 12/8/2015).

Also prominent are giant bamboo groves (Bambusa balcooa) and prominent mature decorative eucalypt species such as lemon-scented gums (Corymbia citriodora)(ibid, 2016).

Further north and on the western side is a Japanese/Chinese-style bridge (timber, curved red-painted) over a small drainage line feeding pools between large sandstone slabs of natural rock. A grove of mature native white cypress pine trees (Callitris glaucophylla (syn.C.columellaris, C. rhomboidea) is a notable feature in this area (ibid, 2015). Other white cypress pines are scattered through Callan Park's grounds (ibid, 2015). Other notable trees include hybrid kurrajong/flame trees (Brachychiton x roseus), cadagi/cadaghi (Corymbia torelliana) from North Queensland, rare pink siris (Pararchidendron pruinosum), hybrid or London plane trees (Platanus x hybrida)(ibid, 2016).

Shrubs and ground cover plantings display similar diversity of palette, reflecting popular choices of both the 19th and 20th centuries, often uncommon or rarely seen today. An example is the Chinese fringe flower, Loropetalum chinense (Stuart Read, via Roslyn Burge, pers.comm., 9/9/2015).

Kirkbride complex's grounds include a number of landscape plantings and elements dating from the site's long involvement with the Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, Charles Moore. Moore's legacy can be seen at Callan Park/Broughton House in the mature Moreton Bay fig, (Ficus macrophylla), Port Jackson fig, (F.rubiginosa), Bunya pines, (Araucaria bidwillii), hoop pines, (A.cunninghamiana), kauri pines, (Agathis spp., e.g. Queensland kauri, Agathis robusta) and South Pacific kauri, A.moorei), palms such as the very tall Californian desert and cotton palms/ Washingtonias, (W.robusta and W.filifera), Canary Island date palms, (Phoenix canariensis) and pygmy date palms, (P. roebellinii), Bangalow palms (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana), Lord Howe Island palms (Howea fosteriana) and other rainforest trees (Stuart Read, pers.comm., 7/12/2016).

Built elements:
Residence (1841-2)
'Once fine two storied early Georgian simplified classical house with a circular driveway and water frontage 'in the midst of bush and ferns and wild flowers (Burge, 2001, 17).
Early Victorian Georgian Revival style residence with additions in the 1880s.
Painted render. Former slate roof has been replaced with concrete tiles.

Outbuilding:
Stables block to rear (Church Street, west end of house).
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The 2002 Tanner & Associates CMP (section 3.3 Historical Archaeological Assessment by Casey & Lowe) identifies (in figure 3.10) buildings considered to have potential. These all belong to the initial years of the hospital period (pre 1900) covering the original hospital buildings, initial additions and changes. Zone 4 is the Kirkbride Block & Garry Owen House precinct. Underground tanks occur in both areas. Garry Owen was known to have more outbuildings. The primary archaeological resource is seen as the standing buildings and sites of demolished buildings and outbuildings and their capacity to provide information about their original configuration and associated archaeological deposits such as underfloor and yard area deposits. Changing building configuration is particularly relevant to the changing nature of care for the mentally ill.

The site is unique in Sydney. The original house is now a shell but remains on its original acreage. It is possible to recongise in the structure of the garden today the same layout in photographs taken at Federation (Burge, 2001, 17).
Date condition updated:09 Sep 15
Modifications and dates: 1839-40 Garry Owen House built.
1841/2 Broughton Hall built
1880
1885 Kirkbride Complex built.
1988 Major changes from the "Barclay Report" of 1988. Upgrading works at Rozelle Hospital, including restoration, refurbishment and selling of some land to fund the works.
1991+ Construction of a new psychiatric complex located off the south-western corner of the Kirkbride block, and the use of the Kirkbride block for psychiatric care was subsequently phased out (Wayne McPhee & Associates, 2006).

1992 feasibility study to accomodate the Sydney College of the Arts (University of Sydney) in the Kirkbride block and subsequent rezoning and development of the facility. At the end of 1992 it was proposed to lease the Kirkbride block to the University for occupation by the College of the Arts. The University undertook extensive conservation and adaptive reuse works to accomodate the College within the Kirkbride buildings.

Garry Owen House has been restored for use by the NSW Writers' Centre. In May 1990 the Special Projects Section of the Public Works Department prepared a report on Garry Owen House for the Ministry for the Arts. This examined the cultural signficance and existing condition of the building and estimated cost of repairs. This was the basis for the restoration now complete. (Tanner & Associates, 2002).
Current use: Pyschiatric health-related services, office uses, part (the main house) is vacant
Former use: Aboriginal land, gentleman's estate, convalescent hospital, voluntary psychiatric clinic

History

Historical notes: Before European settlement the Wangal clan or band lived at the site and their territory extended along the Parramatta River from about Petersham westward. The Wangal were part of the Eora or Dharug tribes. Due to a small pox epidemic between 1789 and 1790 and European land development, only about 50 people from Dharug families were living in the Sydney area by 1900.

Rozelle Hospital site forms part of Leichhardt Municipality, a district formed by 15 land grants between 1789 and 1821. The areas west of the peninsular were slow to develop, however the later land grants were instrumental in developing Rozelle Hospital (Wayne McPhee, 2006).

There were 2 small grants to Francis Lloyd who received 50 acres in 1819 (Portion 112, Parish of Petersham) and Luke Ralph who received 50 acres in 1821 (Portion 113). These adjoining grants stretched from Long or Iron Cove to Rozelle Bay. To their west, Lawrence Butler received 100 acres in 1819 (Portion 114). These grants by the 1840s were in common ownership and became Garry Owen estate, later to become known as Callan Park.

To the west of Butler's grant was John Austen's 100 acre grant which he received in 1819 (Portion 115, Parish of Petersham). This estate was initially called 'Spring Cove Estate', but by the 1840s was known as Austenham. The two relevant houses on this estate were called Austenham or Kalouan and Broughton House. The Garry Owen estate was separated from the Broughton House/Austenham estate by a line formed by the extension northward of Wharf Road. (Tanner & Associates, 2002).

Callan Park estate was originally owned by Crown Solicitor and Police Magistrate (elsewhere described as Coroner) John Ryan Brenan. Brenan's residence, Garry Owen House, was built about 1839 and possibly was designed by Colonial Architect Mortimer Lewis. Brenan, a man of keen horticultural interests, developed a large garden and lived at Garry Owen until 1865 (Tanner & Associates, 2001, 36).

For many years, Garry Owen was a focus for social life in the area.
In 1841 Brenan bought an additional three acres west of his estate and built Broughton House c1841 (on the opposite side of Wharf Road from his own large estate, Garry Owen: Burge, 2001, 17), which he then sold with its extensive grounds in 1845. When Brenan advertised for lease in December 1842 the advertisement mentioned: "A house near Garry Owen, consisting of four sitting rooms, six bedrooms, housekeeper's room, house closet and store, wine cellar, butler's pantry, kitchen and back hall, coach house and stables...abundance of water on the land. The house is completed, and posession can be given immediately...stands in a position which commands a beautiful view of the Parramatta River and Lane Cove (sic)(Burge, 2001, 17)" and in 1856 "...never-failing water hole and pump..." (Craig Burton, pers.comm., in Popple, 2009). It is believed that water for Broughton House's fountains and ponds was originally fed from a natural spring, from between the clay and sandstone stratum (Popple, 2009).

The construction of Pyrmont Bridge in 1857 and Glebe Island Bridge in 1862 and the Iron Cove Bridge in 1880 opened up land to the west of Rozelle and generated speculative subdivision. Although large estates were rapidly subdivided, the houses and original curtilage of Broughton House and Garry Owen House remained rare survivors within the grounds of Rozelle Hospital. (Wayne McPhee, 2006). In 1871 there were just 112 houses in the municipality and 614 residents. By 1885 there were 2100 houses and 10,550 residents in what were solidly working-class suburbs (Burge, 2001, 17).

Brenan's bankruptcy in 1864 forced him to sell Garry Owen estate to Sydney businessman John Gordon. Gordon renamed the property Callan Park, and in 1873 subdivided the land for auction as a new waterfront suburb. The Callan Estate (but not Broughton House estate to its west) was purchased by the Colonial Government of New South Wales in 1874 (Tanner & Associates, 2001, 36), led by Henry Parkes, and Charles Moore, then Director of the Botanic Gardens, was entrusted with designing the grounds.

From 1864 to 1905, Broughton House and nearby Kalouan (demolished in 1932) were the family homes of Sydney businessman John Keep (Dictionary of Sydney entry, 'Broughton Hall Psychiatric Clinic'). Keep lived there, extending it and purchasing adjoining land. After his death on 2 July 1905, his family sold the estate (the combined properties of Broughton Hall and Kalouan) to Annandale timber merchants William and Frederick Langdon in 1912. The Langdons offered the site as a convalescent hospital for shell-shocked soldiers.

The house and its expansive gardens were the perfect setting as a restorative home for shellshocked soldiers during World War 1 (Burge, 2001, 17). During the First World War changes to mental health care were instigated and in 1914 patients could only be treated if they were committed into one of the major institutions. Broughton Hall was resumed by the Government for repatriation care and this function became one of the main functions of Callan Park with additional facilities built in the grounds (Wayne McPhee & Associates, 2006).

Broughton Hall functioned as No. 13 Australian Army Hospital with the house and grounds used as a convalescent home for returned soldiers til 1921. A photograph of soldiers, nurses in the grounds was in 'The Mirror of Australia' 10/2/1918 (Leichhardt Council, 2015). During the early years of the 20th century health professionals pushed for early intervention in mental illness.

It was resumed by the government and on 4 April 1921 formally became the Broughton Hall Psychiatric Clinic (Burge, 2001, 17). It opened as a voluntary admission clinic, NSW's first such. Through later years under Sydney Evan Jones, became the largest such facility in Australia. The use of gardens was an integral part of the patients' treatment and paths, ponds and bridges were built throughout the grounds. Evan Jones redesigned Broughton Hall's gardens in the 1920s as a therapeutic environment for patients.

Also known as Rivendell.

Broughton Hall remained a discrete clinic until the NSW Department of Health amalgamated Broughton Hall and the neighbouring Callan Park Mental Asylum to form Rozelle Hospital in 1976 (Burge, 2001, 17).

Rozelle Hospital site was created by the NSW Health Department's 1976 amalgamation of two psychiatric institutions: Callan Park Mental Asylum and the adjoining Broughton Hall Psychiatric Clinic (Burge, 2001, 17).

A fire lit by local boys damaged Broughton Hall (House) in 1986, at which time it was boarded up. It remains unoccupied.

Major changes to the Rozelle Hospital site were an outcome of the "Barclay Report" of 1988, which emphasised the need for a balance of services between community and hospital-based services. Upgrading works at Rozelle Hospital, including restoration, refurbishment and selling of some land to fund the works, were a direct result. Construction of a new psychiatric complex located off the south-western corner of the Kirkbride block was commenced in 1991, and the use of the Kirkbride block for psychiatric care was subsequently phased out. The Central Sydney Area Health Service began to investigate alternative uses for buildings with heritage significance, in addition to assessing the future use of under used facilities throughout the hospital. (Wayne McPhee & Associates, 2006).

In 1990 the Historic Buildings Group of the NSW Dept. of Public Works prepared detailed conservation guidelines for the Kirkbride block to assist in assessing the feasibility of its use by the University of Sydney for the College of the Arts. In 1992 the Property Services Group undertook a feasibility study to accommodate the Sydney College of the Arts (University of Sydney) in the Kirkbride block and subsequent rezoning and development of the facility. At the end of 1992 it was proposed to lease the Kirkbride block to the University for occupation by the College of the Arts. The University undertook extensive conservation and adaptive reuse works to accommodate the College within the Kirkbride buildings.

Garry Owen House has been restored for use by the NSW Writers' Centre. In May 1990 the Special Projects Section of the Public Works Department prepared a report on Garry Owen House for the Ministry for the Arts. This examined the cultural significance and existing condition of the building and estimated cost of repairs. This was the basis for the restoration now complete. (Tanner & Associates, 2002).

The part of Broughton Hall south of Church Street and east of Glover Street was redeveloped from 1956-64. Government Architect Michael Dysart designed the Broughton Hall Psychiatric Clinic complex here. 6.7Dysart's modernist design was innovative in its day, built on the concept of architecture and landscape as components of therapeutic psychiatric care. Its modernist style is unusual in the wider context of Callan Park or Rozelle Hospital, much of which is Victorian or Federation-era Since 2010 the former Broughton Hall Psychiatric Clinic complex has been leased and used by the University of Tasmania as a teaching campus in Sydney (Heritage 21, 2015,11).

Currently the site accommodates a number of mental health functions. Rozelle Hospital primarily operating from the Broughton Hall Psychiatric Clinic buildings, together with support functions, it occupies over 100 buildings on the site. A number of buildings on the site are leased to other organisations including Sydney College of the Arts, The NSW Writers' Centre, a child care facility and the headquarters of the NSW Ambulance located at the corner of Balmain & Wharf Roads. As a result of changing trends in mental health services, the hospital has contracted to a current 275 bed psychiatric teaching hospital serving, in the main, the centre and inner west areas of Sydney, together with accommodation for a group of war veterans. (Tanner & Associates, 2002).

The Callan Park (Special Provisions) Act 2002 was allocated to the Minister for the Environment and will be administered by OEH. The site has multiple uses such as the Sydney College of Arts, NSW Health, NSW Ambulance Service, various non-government organisations and open space which has been managed by the Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority. It has been the subject of a master-planning process. OEH is liaising with the Department of Planning and Environment on the transition of resources that support the current management arrangements of Callan Park (OEH Chief Executive Officer memo, 29/5/15).

Rozelle Hospital closed in 2008 and non-government organisations providing health and community services moved onto the wider Rozelle Hospital site.

The Callan Park (Special Provisions) Act 2002 was allocated to the Minister for the Environment and will be administered by OEH. The site has multiple uses such as the Sydney College of Arts, NSW Health, NSW Ambulance Service, various non-government organisations and open space which has been managed by the Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority. It has been the subject of a master-planning process. OEH is liaising with the Department of Planning and Environment on the transition of resources that support the current management arrangements of Callan Park (OEH Chief Executive Officer memo, 29/5/15).

4/6/2015 unanimous agreement by the Legislative Assembly which called on the State Government to implement (i.e. establish and appoint) a Trust for Callan Park was received with applause (Burge, 2015). The Assembly called on the Government to work with a Trust to finalise the Callan Park Master Plan, noting the principals of the current draft, and to ensure the Master Plan includes a sustainable long-term funding model to secure the protection of Callan Park in perpetuity. Soon after June 2015 management of Callan Park was transferred from Sydney Harbour FOreshores Authority to the Office of Environment & Heritage (OEH). OEH is preparing a discussion paper on the future management of Callan Park for public consultation for three months, before it decides on its final recommendations for the site (Greenland, 2015, 16-17).

In April 2017 Heritage Minister Gabrielle Upton announced $2m funding to upgrade the Waterfront Oval at Callan Park, noting the government would ban apartments or commercial development at Callan Park (Clennell, 2017).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Cultural: Rivers and water bodies important to humans-
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Aboriginal cultures and interactions with other cultures-Activities associated with maintaining, developing, experiencing and remembering Aboriginal cultural identities and practices, past and present. All nations - sites evidencing occupation-
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Ethnic influences-Activities associated with common cultural traditions and peoples of shared descent, and with exchanges between such traditions and peoples. Multi-national contacts with local communities-
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Ethnic influences-Activities associated with common cultural traditions and peoples of shared descent, and with exchanges between such traditions and peoples. Irish migrants-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Significant Places: How are significant places marked in the landscape of Parramatta by, or for, different groups?-Monuments and Sites
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes of institutions - productive and ornamental-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and parklands of distinctive styles-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and gardens of domestic accommodation-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes of segregation-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes demonstrating styles in landscape design-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Gardens celebrating multiculturalism-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Health-Activities associated with preparing and providing medical assistance and/or promoting or maintaining the well being of humans Converting Premises for Rest and Recreation purposes-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Health-Activities associated with preparing and providing medical assistance and/or promoting or maintaining the well being of humans Operating public hospitals-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Health-Activities associated with preparing and providing medical assistance and/or promoting or maintaining the well being of humans Operating mental health facilities-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Health-Activities associated with preparing and providing medical assistance and/or promoting or maintaining the well being of humans Operating convalescent and rehabilitation hospitals-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Country Homes-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Country Villa-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Adapted heritage building or structure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Adapted heritage building or structure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Victorian era residence-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. housing (suburbs)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing for merchants and dealers-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Gentlemens Villas-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. A Picturesque Residential Suburb-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing professional people-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing townsfolk - urban villas-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal 1820s-1850s land grants-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Villas-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Changing land uses - from rural to suburban-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Granting Crown lands for private farming-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Sub-division of large estates-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Naming places (toponymy)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Working in health care-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Working in health care-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Working on public infrastructure projects-
7. Governing-Governing Defence-Activities associated with defending places from hostile takeover and occupation Involvement with the First (Great) World War-
7. Governing-Governing Defence-Activities associated with defending places from hostile takeover and occupation Involvement with the Second World War-
7. Governing-Governing Defence-Activities associated with defending places from hostile takeover and occupation Wartime hospital or health related uses-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. State government-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Federal Government-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Developing roles for government - administering a public health system-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Developing roles for government - administering a public health system-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Developing cultural institutions and ways of life-National Theme 8
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Victorian Georgian-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Adaptation of overseas design for local use-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with John Ryan Brenan, Crown Solicitor and Police Magistrate-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with John Gordon, businessman-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Dr Sydney Evans Jones, psychiatrist-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Francis Lloyd, land owner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Luke Ralph, land owner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Lawrence Butler, land owner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with John Austen, land owner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with John Keep, ironmonger-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Michael Dysart, architect-

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementReview a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 
Recommended ManagementCarry out interpretation, promotion and/or education 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementRozelle Hospital CMP Consists of 3 volumes - Vol 1 is CMP proper, Vol 2 is appendices, Vol 3 is inventory sheets - 1 stamped copy in HO Library, 1 stamped copy returned to authors Mar 6 2002
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0083102 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register 16/5/4/100901 Feb 92   
Regional Environmental PlanSREP 22 Parramatta River 05 Jun 90   
Local Environmental PlanLEP 2000    
National Trust of Australia register  6912   
Register of the National EstateCallan Park Conservation Area167421 Mar 78   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Department of Health - s170 Register199216/5/4/100Schwager, Brooks & Partners Pty Ltd  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenBurge, Roslyn2015Callan Park: Compassion and Conflict in the Asylum - an exhibition presented at the Leichhardt & Balmain Libraries in April and May 2015 for the National Trust Heritage Festival
WrittenBurge, Roslyn2009Garden Clubs of Australia, in 'Our Gardens' magazine, issue, 5/2009
WrittenBurge, Roslyn2001'Broughton Hall - Private Gardens, Public Therapy'
WrittenClennell, Andrew2017'Rozelle park off limits to unit bids'
WrittenEnvironmental Design Group, NSW Public Works Department1991A Heritage Study of Rozelle Hospital (draft)
WrittenGlenyss Laws Consulting Arborist2010Tree Pruning Specification & Assessment Report - Old Broughton Hall Site grounds, Rozelle Hospital
WrittenGreenland, Hall2015'Days of Hope at Callan Park'
WrittenHeritage 21 (Rappoport P/L)2015Statement of Heritage Impact - UTAS Rozelle Campus
WrittenHeritage Division1990Paper file: S90/7360
WrittenInfrastruture Partnerships Unit, NSW Dept. Of Public Works1986Rozelle Hospital site asset management strategy : strategic development concept and implementation plan
WrittenJackson Teece Chesterman Willis1989A Study of the fabric of existing buildings on the site of Rozelle Psychiatric Hospital
WrittenLeichhardt Municipal Council2015War Nationalism and Identity (exhibition on Broughton Hall in World War 1 era)
WrittenNational Trust of Australia (NSW)1994Rozelle Hospital recording & assessment, in Heritage Gardens Study - Final Report NEP 94 752
WrittenPopple, Garth2009Grant application: Broughton Hall Garden conservation works
Management Plan (HC endorsed)Tanner & Associates Pty Ltd2002Rozelle Hospital CMP, Vols 1, 2 and 3
WrittenUrban Design Advisory Service2002Master Plan for the Rozelle Hospital Site
WrittenWayne McPhee & Associates2006Heritage Impact Statement: proposed subdivision for lease purposes, Rozelle Hospital

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5012311
File number: EF14/4860; H09/3201;S91/5974


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