Parramatta District Hospital - Archaeology | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage


Parramatta District Hospital - Archaeology

Item details

Name of item: Parramatta District Hospital - Archaeology
Other name/s: Archaeological Site potential - Parramatta District Hospital ; Parramatta Justice Precinct
Type of item: Archaeological-Terrestrial
Group/Collection: Health Services
Category: Hospital
Location: Lat: -33.8120798717 Long: 151.0020671139
Primary address: Marsden Street, Parramatta, NSW 2150
Local govt. area: Parramatta
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Deerubbin
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
PART LOT21 DP1173876
LOT22 DP1173876
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Marsden StreetParramattaParramatta  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Of historical and archaeological significance as a record of convict settlement of the site dating back to 1790. This site is one of the first settled urban sites in Australia.
Date significance updated: 02 Apr 03
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1818-
Modifications and dates: 2008: AIA Architecture Award for heritage work given to the Parramatta Justice Precinct -
Courtyard Pavilions: Bates Smart Pty Ltd
This public courtyard celebrates the historic significance of the former Parramatta Colonial Hospital and interprets its history to a broad audience, through landscape, archaeology and built elements. The site provides a series of interpretative themes and stories expressed in the courtyard and through a variety of media including planting, paving, graphics, the reconstruction of boundary walls and two pavilion buildings. While much of the archaeology is capped with a protective slab, including the second hospital and convict hut, the third Colonial Hospital and kitchen (1818-1844) is interpreted in two pavilions. The location and size of these pavilions represent the earlier buildings and offer a place to house exhibits, interpretation panels and in-situ relics. Notwithstanding some teething problems with environmental control for the in-situ relics, the site presents a significant educational experience in buildings of architectural quality. The jury was impressed by the realisation of contemporary design in an historic context, a combination that is rarely so well executed. (AIA,
Current use: museum display; in-situ conservation
Former use: hospital


Historical notes: The most important building site is that of John Watts' convict hospital built in 1818 and other remains such as the doctor's house and brewer.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Adapted heritage building or structure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th Century Infrastructure-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Developing roles for government - administering a public health system-
7. Governing-Governing Welfare-Activities and process associated with the provision of social services by the state or philanthropic organisations Hospital-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementCMP from Government Property NSW for endorsement.  
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementRevised CMP Parramatta Justice Precinct  
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementParramatta Disctrict Hopsital and Attorney General's Carpark Site: Conservation Management Plan May 8 2003
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
Order Under Section 57(2) of the Heritage Act, 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to section 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:
1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government
Gazette on 7 March 2003, 18 June 2004 and 8 July 2005; and
2. grant standard exemptions from section 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule below.

Minister for Planning
Sydney, 25 March 2006

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Mar 25 2006
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementConditions for deleagted endorsment. Issue D requested for ED review and endorsement. Feb 18 2016
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementRevision D CMP submitted May 5 2016
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementAdvice re endorsement May 5 2016
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementRevision E CMP Endorsed Jul 15 2016

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0082802 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register 03/2/6/100401 Feb 92   
Local Environmental Plan 198925 Jun 93 0653235

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Department of Community Services - Preliminary s170 Register199303/2/6/1004State Projects Heritage Group  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenInternational Conservation Services.2007Parramatta Justice Precinct : heritage courtyard final interpretation strategy

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5012363
File number: S90/00065/7; S97/01013

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