Merembra Homestead | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Merembra Homestead

Item details

Name of item: Merembra Homestead
Other name/s: John's Farm, Barley Mow Inn
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Homestead building
Location: Lat: -33.4505685458 Long: 149.5888132290
Primary address: 218 Gormans Hill Road, Bathurst, NSW 2795
Local govt. area: Bathurst Regional
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Bathurst
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT141 DP771779
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
218 Gormans Hill RoadBathurstBathurst Regional  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private 

Statement of significance:

Merembra homestead is an archetypal medium sized Victorian farmhouse in an unspoiled rural setting which contributes significantly to its rural surroundings. In a highly visible position on the original Bathurst Road. Its original owners and family were foundation members of the Bathurst Pastoral society with strong connections to those who were forming the infrastructure of the district. Connected to a number of important persons in Bathurst's hstory: Thomas Kite, John Bayliss, John Vane and John McPhillamy and families.The combination of its intactness and aesthetics together with a rich history makes it rare. (B. Hickson 2006)
Date significance updated: 01 Sep 06
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Construction years: 1863-1864
Physical description: Merembra is a simple Victorian Georgian farm homestead. Stone foundations, triple brick construction under a hipped iron roof with gabled vents to front. Bullnosed verandah on three sides supported by flat timber posts with simple arch profile at front and small 'stranger's' rooms at either end. Three brick chimneys on main roof and one over kitchen wing. A pair of small gabled roof vents to main elevation. Two approximately centrally placed front doors flanked by shuttered sash windows to back and front.

The building has good curtilage being located towards the front of 5 acres and retaining further 11 acres to the side. A cellar is below the house which is accessed from the rear. A large stone pine (Pinus pinea) tree dominates its front garden and lawn setting (Stuart Read, pers.comm.).
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Physical condition is fair.
Date condition updated:29 Feb 00
Modifications and dates: Building is substantially intact and in original condition.
1920s - brick paved verandah has been covered with cement screed.
1957 - bath and indoor toilet installed by tenant.
1987/99 - verandah at rear and rear wing re-roofed in style of original. Orchard and specimen trees are planted.
Current use: Under restoration
Former use: Farm house, inn, residence, workshop

History

Historical notes: Governor Macquarie the commissioned William Cox to construct a road over the Blue Mountains in 1815. Cox's road followed the route established by the two teams of explorers. This road was completed in 1815 The constructed road followed the South or Left bank of the Macquarie River until it reached Gorman's Hill.

The final stretch of the road to Gorman's Hill travelled through Queen Charlottes Vale, between Vale Creek and the Macquarie river. The Vale Road, following the Vale Creek was also an early entrance road into Bathurst and another alternative in flooding seasons. This placed Merembra or Johns Farm in a strategic location in the development of Bathurst.

In 1830 Lot 14, Parish of Bathurst, was promised by Governor Sir Ralph Darling to a young man, John Bayliss, who was born in NSW in1808. The Bayliss family were nail-makers from Staffordshire. John's father, Joseph Bayliss, joined the 102nd Regiment of Foot, arrived in Port Jackson, NSW in June 1790 .

In January 1831 John Bayliss aged 22, took possession of the land at Lot 14 Parish of Bathurst and the promised Crown Grant of 108 acres was formalised in 1840. Merembra was then called John's Farm John lived here for 50 years.
1n 1864 John mortgaged the land and house for a loan of 250 pounds from John McPhillamy, possibly to help pay for the completion of the homestead.

For a time the homestead was known as the Barley Mow Hotel and was licensed in 1867. Co-members of the Amateur Jockey Club could have frequented the tavern as John Bayliss owned and trained horses at the farm, the most successful being a winner of the 1881 Bathurst Silver Bracelet Race.

John Bayliss died in December 1880 with the cause of death given by Dr Bassett being "advanced age", at 72.
In 1815 William McPhillamy, of County Tyrone, Ireland, married Mary Scott They were both tried and sentenced at Ayr in 1816 and each received 7 years transportation. In the 1828 census William is recorded as an overseer to Robert Smith, who was a superintendent for Marsden at Bathurst.

After William died, Mary married Robert Smith who prospered and bought large tracts of land. As he had no children and left his property to all but the eldest of Mary's children when he died in 1851.The youngest child was John Smith McPhillamy (1825 - 1887) who worked for his stepfather as a station manager.

He married Maria Saphia Dargin and in 1881 he bought John's Farm at auction and requested Priscilla Bayliss to convey said land to his eldest son, John McPhillamy Jr. John Mc Phillamy Jr (1850 - 1935) was born at Mt. Tamar. He became the owner of John's Farm in 1881 possibly around the time of his marriage. He and his wife had 5 children between 1884 & 1897. It is possible that they named Johns Farm "Blair Athol' from the 1880's, as such was referred to as the McPhillamy residence prior to the construction of the. current "Blair Athol", in Keppel Street, Bathurst in 1892.

John McPhillamy was on committees of various sporting clubs including the Turf Club, on the Board of Bathurst District Hospital and deeply interested in the AH&P Association. In 1926, when he retired from the legal practice after 40 years he settled Mt. Tamar on John Maxwell McPhillamy, his son. He carried it on for a time before selling it to Mr. Stevenson.

Faith McPhillamy took a special interest in her 3 nephews, as their father, her brother Victor Bayliss, had died young and they were close neighbours. In the1930s she bought Merembra from John McPhillamy, thus returning the homestead into the ownership of the Bayliss family. Roger Bayliss, her nephew ran a dairy farm with the help of a family who were tenants. When she died in1960 Raymond Bayliss, her eldest nephew, inherited Merembra. Raymond was involved with the Bathurst District Historical Society and collated a lot of family & local historical research. In 1987 he gave the house & remaining acreage to his daughter, Diana Jamieson. Her family had no interest in using it so the river flats were subdivided off and sold to Harry Cook, a vegetable grower. The homestead and 16 acres were sold to the Prykes thus ending the 157 year old Bayliss / McPhillamy connection to Lot 14. (B. Hickson 2006)




Private Joseph Baylis, a soldier in the NSW Corps, arrived in Australia on the 'Suprize' on 26 July 1790, part of the second Fleet. He served as a guard on Norfolk Island. By 1803, he had received land grants from Governor King and became farmers near Windsor.

Joseph's wife, Ann Taylor, was convict who arrived in Sydney on the 'Earl Cornwallis' in 1801 In 1806 muster she is shown as pardoned and her employer as J Bayliss. They married in 1810 and reared eight children.

Their first child, Sarah, (1804-1844) later married Thomas kite on 26 December 1820 in Castlereagh, Church of England. In the early 1820s, William (1805-1883), John (1808-1880) and Jane (b1813) came to Kelso, Bathurst to join and work for their sister and brother-in law Sarah and Thomas Kite. The father , Joseph, and the the children also settled later in Bathurst, probably after his wife died in Windsor of accidental poisoning in December 1826.

John Baylis, applied for and received a land grant of 108 acres, No 14 Parish of Bathurst in 1830. He married Priscilla Golsby in 1832 and became a pioneering farmer, experimenting on lighter soils. There were nine children. 'John's Farm' is where Joseph Baylis is thought to have died in 1855 so there would have been an earlier dwelling on the property.

The present homestead was constructed circa 1864 of triple brick on a stone foundation. It is purported that bush ranger John Vane, a confederate of Ben Hall carted the foundation stones.

John and his son Henry (1844-1934) for a time kept a hotel, the 'Barley Mow' at John's Farm They were active members of the Bathurst Amateur Turf Club.
In 1867 the building was licensed as the Barley Mow Hotel for one year.

John Bayliss died in 1880 and was buried in the family grave at St Matthews' Windsor, with his parents.

In February 1881 the farm was sold to John McPhillamy and the name changed to Merembra. The McPhillamy family did not live at Merembra and at this time it is not known who leased the property.

In the 1930s John's granddaughter Faith Lurline, marries Walter McPhillamy of Orton Park and became the owner of Merembra.

From 1930 to 1987 the property is rented to various people including Horace Shilabeer, Worthingtons, George Ballam (1949-67), and Neville Hanrahan (1967-87)

In 1963/64 Faith Lurline dies childless and leaves Merembra to nephew Raymond Bayliss (descendent of original owner).

In 1987 it was sold at auction to Mary and Neville Pryke and used as a workshop. Orchard and specimen trees are planted.

In 1999 it is purchased by Margaret and Jim Glen. (Glen, 2000)

Built pre 1870 on original grant of Thomas Gorman, one of Evan's original party & Supt. Of the road gang to Bathurst. Private Joesph Baylis, a soldier in the NSW corps, arrived in Australia on the 'Surprise' on 26 July 1790, part of the second fleet. He served as a guard on Norfolk Island. By 1803, he had received land grants from Governer King and became farmers near Windsor. Joesph's wife, Ann Taylor, was convict who arrived in Sydney on the 'Earl Cornwallis' in 1801. In 1806 muster she is shown as pardoned and her employer as J. Bayliss. They married in 1810 and reared eight children. Their first child, Sarah (1804 - 1844) later married Thomas Kite on 26 December 1820 in Castlereagh, Church of England. In the early 1820's, William (1805 - 1883), John (1808 - 1880) and Jane (b1813) came to Kelso, Bathurst to join and work for their sister and brother in law Sarah & Thomas Kite. The father, Joesph, and the children also settled later in Bathurst, probably after his wife died in Windsor of accidental poisoning in December 1826. John Baylis, applied for and received land grant of 108 acres, No. 14 Parish of Bathurst in 1830. He married Priscilla Golsby in 1832 and became a pioneering farmer, experimenting on lighter soils. There were nine children. 'John's Farm' is where Joesph Baylis is thought to have died in 1855 so there would have been an earlier dwelling on the property (LEP).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Convict-Activities relating to incarceration, transport, reform, accommodation and working during the convict period in NSW (1788-1850) - does not include activities associated with the conviction of persons in NSW that are unrelated to the imperial 'convict system': use the theme of Law & Order for such activities Working on private assignment-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Marking the transition from pastoralism to agriculture-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Farming wheat and other grains-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing the prosperous - mansions in town and country-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The Merembra Homestead site is associated with initial European exploration and use of Bathurst Plains. It provides and example of colonial settlement policies of the 1830s. A settlement grant was given to family of veteran NSW corps soldier, under Governor Darling, on the basis of promoting settlement of the central west and as a recognition of veteran service.
(Fallon et al 2002:70)
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Merembra Homestead was constructed c1863 and is associated with the Bayliss, Kite and McPhillamy families. It is purported to be associated with the bush ranger John Vane during construction and subsequent raids. (Glen, 2000)
(Fallon et al 2002:70)
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Merembra Homestead is a medium sized Victorian Georgian farm house in a highly visible position overlooking the Macquarie River and set in an unspoilt rural setting. It contributes significantly to its rural surroundings. (Glen, 2000) (Heritage Study 1990)
(Fallon et al 2002:70)
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Continued association with early settlement family throughout 160 years of European settlement family throughout 160 years of European use from 1830-1987.

Association with significant early settlers and personalities of Bathurst including:- Thomas Kite, John Bayliss and Bayliss family, John Vane, John McPhillamy and family.

Representative of successful free settlement of the Central West.

Representative of opportunities created for lower middle class colonial settlers who chose to stay in Australia after completing their term of employment rather than return to England.

History of the site reflects early settlement control policies of Governor Macquarie of providing small farm grants as rewards for good conduct and service.
(Fallon et al 2002:70)
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Merembra Homestead retains much of its original fabric and will provide opportunities to research original bricks, colours, finishes etc. John Bayliss grew experimental crops and was first to experiment with lighter soils. (Glen, 2000).

The Merembra Homestead was initially constructed as a rural Inn which is reflected in the planning of the building. The construction techniques are reflective of late Colonial / Early Victorian period, remaining intact and interpretable.

The site specific 19th century site specific early water supply system includes a well and a reservoir tank stand which still remains intact. (Fallon et al 2002:70)
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
It represents the archetypal medium sized Victorian farm house. (Heritage Study, 1990)
Integrity/Intactness: Substantially intact. (Heritage Study, 1990)
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementCMP: "Merembra" Homestead, Bathurst ("Johns Farm") (Integrated Design Assoc., Oct 2002) Jun 27 2003
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0139714 Jul 00 886404
Local Environmental Plan 01012 Dec 97 1469992

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenC W Sloman The History of Bathurst 1815-1915
Oral HistoryChris Bayliss - Great Great Grandson of John Bayliss1999(not stated)
WrittenHughes, Truman & Ludlow1990Heritage Stduy of Bathurst
WrittenIntegrated Design Associates2002Merembra Homestead Conservation Management Plan
WrittenJ Glen2000State Heritage Inventory Form
WrittenK Fry Beyond the Barrier - Class formation in a pastoral society
WrittenRaymond V Bayliss1982Joseph Bayliss (177001855) Soldier & Pioneer Settler of NSW

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5014203
File number: H00/00088; H99/00242


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