Glen Innes Post and Telegraph Office | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Glen Innes Post and Telegraph Office

Item details

Name of item: Glen Innes Post and Telegraph Office
Other name/s: Post Office, Glen Innes
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Postal and Telecommunications
Category: Post Office
Location: Lat: -29.7368296817 Long: 151.7361766560
Primary address: Grey Street, Glen Innes, NSW 2370
Local govt. area: Glen Innes Severn
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Glen Innes
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1 DP776437
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Grey StreetGlen InnesGlen Innes Severn  Primary Address
Meade Street (NE Cnr)Glen InnesGlen Innes Severn  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Australia PostFederal Government 

Statement of significance:

Glen Innes Post Office is significant at a State level for its historical associations, strong aesthetic qualities and social value.

Glen Innes Post Office is associated with the development of the town, and of the communications services in the New England district.

Glen Innes Post Office is historically significant because it is associated with the NSW Government Architect Walter Liberty Vernon, and is part of an important group of works by Vernon, a key practitioner of the Federation Arts and Crafts style. The scale, form and architectural style of Glen Innes reflect the building boom in the mid 1890s in the main street of Glen Innes.

Glen Innes Post Office is aesthetically significant because it is a particularly fine example of the Federation Arts and Crafts style, with strong visual appeal. It is located on a prominent corner site and makes a significant contribution to the streetscape of the Glen Innes civic precinct, and the historic character of the town.

Glen Innes Post Office is also considered to be significant to the community of Glen Innes’ sense of place.
(Andrew Ward & Associates and Clive Lucas Stapleton and Associates, 2000)
Date significance updated: 22 Jun 00
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Architect’s Office under Walter Liberty Vernon.
Builder/Maker: Sandbrook Brothers.
Construction years: 1895-1896
Physical description: Glen Innes Post Office is a two-storey building designed in the Federation Arts and Crafts Style, constructed of predominantly tan-coloured face brickwork, rubbed red brick banding and sandstone detailing. The exterior of the building appears largely intact to its original construction. The original two-storey section of the building, built in 1895, is constructed in English bond brickwork on a sandstone ashlar block base course, with later single-storey sections to the rear being of stretcher bond brickwork. The building has a complex, predominantly hipped slate roof with decorative terracotta ridge-capping, bracketed eaves and boarded soffits. There is a bracketed gable end to the southern facade with a later-phase addition. The roof is punctuated by five corbelled face brick chimneys, four to the two-storey section and one over the existing kitchen to the rear. Large arches dominate the main building facade with rubbed red-brick trim at the ground-floor level. There are two arched entries complemented by small, multi-pane arched windows with sandstone sills set into brickwork arches. The main entry, with a later tiled porch and steps, later doors and board and batten soffit, is located on the corner, the residential entry and porch, with bullnose slate steps, earlier hexagonal pavers and corrugated iron soffit, is at the centre of the western facade.
(Andrew Ward & Associates and Clive Lucas Stapleton and Associates, 2000)
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Glen Innes Post Office and residence is generally in very good condition. There is some archaeological potential to the remaining open areas of the site, including the residence yard and rear concrete yard for evidence of former structures and uses.
Date condition updated:22 Jun 00
Modifications and dates: Gable-ended addition to the east fronting Meade Street was constructed between 1913-14. Major sympathetic additions to the east also appear to have occurred during a c1980s.
(Andrew Ward & Associates and Clive Lucas Stapleton and Associates, 2000)
Current use: Post Office
Former use: Post Office

History

Historical notes: In 1828 the first post offices outside Sydney were established, with offices in Bathurst, Campbelltown, Parramatta, Liverpool, Newcastle, Penrith and Windsor. By 1839 there were forty post offices in the colony, with more opening as settlement spread. The advance of postal services was further increased as the railway network began to be established throughout NSW from the 1860s. The appointment of James Barnet as Acting Colonial Architect in 1862 coincided with a considerable increase in funding to the public works program. Between 1865 and 1890 the Colonial Architects Office was responsible for the building and maintenance of 169 Post Offices and telegraph offices in NSW. The post offices constructed during this period were designed in a variety of architectural styles, as Barnet argued that the local parliamentary representatives always preferred ‘different patterns’. The 1890s witnessed a building boom in the town of Glen Innes with many of the grand public and commercial buildings along the main street being erected. In 1896 a new Post Office was constructed on the site of the former office which had been demolished to make way for it. The building was designed by the Office of the Colonial Architect under the direction of Walter Liberty Vernon, with the building tender being awarded to the Sandbrook Brothers for £2505. The office was opened for business on 7 December 1896.

(Andrew Ward & Associates and Clive Lucas Stapleton and Associates, 2000)

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Communication-Activities relating to the creation and conveyance of information (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Glen Innes Post Office is historically significant because it is associated with the development of communications services in the New England district during the second half of the nineteenth century. Through its links with the earlier post offices in the town, the current post office is also associated with the historical evolution of Glen Innes.

The scale, form and architectural style of Glen Innes reflect the building boom in the mid-1890s in the main street of Glen Innes.

Glen Innes Post Office also provides evidence of the changing nature of postal and telecommunications practices in NSW.
Glen Innes Post Office is historically significant because it is associated with the NSW Government Architect Walter Liberty Vernon, and it is part of an important group of works by Vernon, a key practitioner of the Federation Arts and Crafts Style.
(Andrew Ward & Associates and Clive Lucas Stapleton and Associates, 2000)
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Glen Innes Post Office is aesthetically significant because it is a particularly fine example of the Federation Arts and Crafts Style, designed by Vernon, with strong visual appeal. It has such distinctive characteristics as the prominent roof forms, large arched openings and the arcaded porches.

The architectural style and prominent location of the post office also make it a focal point of the Glen Innes civic precinct, endowing it with landmark qualities.

The c1914 and 1980 additions have been carried out appropriately and are sympathetic to the aesthetic values of the original building.
(Andrew Ward & Associates and Clive Lucas Stapleton and Associates, 2000)
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
As a prominent civic building, Glen Innes Post Office is considered to be significant to the community of Glen Innes’ sense of place.
(Andrew Ward & Associates and Clive Lucas Stapleton and Associates, 2000)
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The site has some potential to contain an archaeological resource, which may provide information relating to the previous use of the site, and use associated with the Post Office.
(Andrew Ward & Associates and Clive Lucas Stapleton and Associates, 2000)
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Glen Innes Post Office is a particularly fine example of the work of the NSW Government Architect Walter Liberty Vernon.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Glen Innes Post Office demonstrates the principle characteristics of the group of post offices constructed in the late nineteenth century in NSW by the Government Architect’s Office.

Glen Innes Post Office is a strong example of the Federation Arts and Crafts style of architecture. It is also part of an important group of works by Government Architect Walter Liberty Vernon.

(Andrew Ward & Associates and Clive Lucas Stapleton and Associates, 2000)
Integrity/Intactness: The Glen Innes Post Office appears largely intact structurally, and retains the features which make it culturally significant including architectural features such as the large round arches, hipped slate roof, arcaded porches at street level, along with the prominence of the building in the streetscape and its overall form, scale and style.

(Andrew Ward & Associates and Clive Lucas Stapleton and Associates, 2000)
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Preparation of a conservation management Plan which inludes the outbuildings and a curtilage assessment.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0140623 Jun 00 735231

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Australia Post - Assessment of 24 Post Office2000 Godden Mackay Logan Pty LtdJennifer Armstrong Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAndrew Ward & Associates and Clive Lucas Stapleton and Associates1992Australia Post Survey of Historic Properties in New South Wales
WrittenApperly, Irving and Reynolds1989A Pictorial Guide to Identifying Australian Architecture
WrittenAustralia Post Glen Innes Post Office History File – C3629/1 Box 463
WrittenBack to Glen Innes Committee1988Glen Innes & District: A Century & a Half of Memories
WrittenBridges and McDonald1988James Barnet Colonial Architect
WrittenCameron, AW1987A Short History of Glen Innes
WrittenNational trust of Australia (NSW)1984Glen Innes Post Office Listing Card
WrittenNational Trust of Australia (NSW)1984Classification Listing Card - Glen Innes Post Office
WrittenNSW Government Select Committee1903State Properties Transferred to the Commonwealth

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5044753
File number: H00/00149


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