Yean Cottage, Anglewood Estate | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Yean Cottage, Anglewood Estate

Item details

Name of item: Yean Cottage, Anglewood Estate
Other name/s: Anglewood House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Cottage
Location: Lat: -34.4934134290 Long: 150.4049883670
Primary address: Yean Street, Burradoo, NSW 2576
Parish: Mittagong
County: Camden
Local govt. area: Wingecarribee
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Illawarra
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
PART LOT1 DP1044596
   CP/SP77855
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Yean StreetBurradooWingecarribeeMittagongCamdenPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Valdis Berzins Pty LtdPrivate15 Mar 99

Statement of significance:

Yean Cottage is a climactic example of the full flowering Queen Anne Arts and Crafts school of architectural and interior design. It is a rare and intact example in Australia of a style of architecture in its fully developed and richly decorated form. It is associated with and is a direct copy of a design by Maurice B Adams a prominent and influential British architect of the Arts and Crafts school and a leading exponent of Queen Anne Revival style. It is associated with the Hon Arthur Bruce Smith Secretary of Public Works and Colonial Treasurer under Parkes in NSW and first Federal Attorney General. It is associated with Dr George Hames Sly, founder of the well known firm of solicitors Sly and Russell. It has long association with an innovative government philosophy in youth training and education through its use as a home and special school for truants. It has an outstanding country house style of garden with many magnificent specimens of mature exotic trees, lawns, formal garden beds and a most unusual and varied collection of conifers. (Heritage Office 1988)
Date significance updated: 18 Dec 00
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Maurice B Adams (a close copy of his work)
Construction years: 1890-1890
Physical description: Grounds
The house is surrounded by a superb garden with a magnificent collection of mature exotic trees and a most interesting collection of conifers. Much of the garden design dates back to when the house was built (Heritage Office, 1988).

The original expanse of the grounds has been altered to suit the requirements of a school. However the driveway and garden immediately surrounding the house remain intact. The driveway ends in a gently serpentine pattern, past the gatehouse which is sited to make the grounds appear more important than they are. From the driveway glimpses of the rear of the house are seen; it travels along the eastern side, leaving the view of the front until the last second. The turning circle is small, in the shape of a teardrop and is enclosed by a strip of evergreen planting, which includes once fashionable palms and succulents. Original wire arches are placed at regular intervals around the planting belt, taking visitors through to a lawn which is edged with a shelter belt of pines.

The garden beds around the house are semi-circular, some edged with candystick moulded terracotta tiles, and the others with bricks set on a 45 degree angle for a saw tooth effect. The flower bed adjoining the eastern wing of the house is a geometric horse-shoe shaped design dissected by a path of crazy paving. The serpentine paths to the rear of the house would once have taken visitors through a series of colourful flower beds and shrubs that would have led to simply-planted woodland (Cavanough et al, 1988, 55, 57).

House
Yean Cottage is a very large and elaborately decorated Queen Anne Revival style house, with an extensive and very fine garden. The design of the house and the interior layout is copied very closely from a house called Queensmead Cottage at Windsor U.K. Queensmead Cottage, built when the Queen Anne Style was at its most elaborate flowering was a collection of all Adams ideas on Queen Anne. Anglewood faithfully follows much of this idiom, elaborating on some, such as the arched brick bracing between chimneys at the east end and giving an Australian flavour to others such as Australian plants appearing in moulded plaster detailing.

The exterior of Yean Cottage is principally a soft red brick, much of it moulded or carved in finely detailed ornament. The bricks are said to have been imported from England especially for the house but this has not been established.

The first floor is timber framed and clad in terracotta shingling, hung with patterned bands of cut tiles. The walls of the first floor bay over the entrance are clad in rough cast render, as are gable ends and bands under some of the eaves. Much of the decoration is very unusual and possibly unique in Australia. Around the entrance bay, at string course level, are a series of curved sandstone blocks with shields, gargoyles, mashs, acanteurs etc. This work is very fine and appears to be in perfect condition.

Inside are fine timber panelling, moulded plaster, faience panels, colourful tiles and stained glass. Above the entrance hall was a three storey central light well with coloured clerestroey lighting, now covered over at each floor level. There is a pleasant conservatory on the garden front. Quite a few alterations have been made internally, but some care has been taken not to destroy original material. A modern addition on the west side has occurred as is an external fire stair on the east end (Heritage Office 1988).
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Physical condition is good.
Date condition updated:06 Nov 97
Modifications and dates: c.1944-80s: The original expanse of the grounds has been altered to suit the requirements of a school. However the driveway and garden immediately surrounding the house remain intact.
Current use: hotel, cluster housing
Former use: Country retreat, private school, special school, youth training facility.

History

Historical notes: Anglewood is the original name of Yean Cottage and of the whole Estate. It was built in the early 1890s by the Hon. Arthur Bruce Smith, K.C., MHR., who was Secretary of Public Works for the Sir Henry Parkes government, later became the Colonial Treasurer and was the first Federal Attorney-General.

The design of the house and the interior layout is copied very closely from a house called Queensmead Cottage at Windsor U.K., designed for Colonel the Honourable Reginald Talbot by Maurice B. Adams, RIBA. Adams (1849-1933) was a prominent and influential British architect of the 'Arts and Crafts' school of design. He worked for some years from 1872 as a staff member and then Editor of 'Building News', illustrating all the most important 'Queen Anne' buildings in engravings. Adam was notable for his furniture and interior designs in Queen Anne style, and as an architect for Bedford Park in Chiswick and Bournville near Birmingham became very much involved in the Garden Suburb movement. He became fashionable society architect and designed Caerleon in Bellevue Hill for Charles Fairyase. The construction of this house was supervised by Harvey Kent.

The Smith family never lived at Anglewood. Smith decided it was too far to go all the way to Bowral to catch the train, so he had built his own private railway station, just outside his front gate so he could more conveniently board a train there. The station (Burradoo) is still there today but no train has stopped there for many years.

As a result of the 1890s bank crash, the house was sold to Dr. George James Sly, founder of the firm Sly and Russell Solicitors, a large well known firm in the city of Sydney. Dr. Sly and his large family used it as their country house for many years.

In 1932 Anglwood became a private school, an annexe to the King's School (Sydney)(Cavanough et al, 1988, 55).

Twelve years later it was commissioned as a special school for male truants by the then Department of Child Welfare - the first school of its kind in Australia. The main building, called Yean Cottage was opened by Hon. Clive R. Evatt, K.C., MLA.., on 22 April 1944. Nattai Cottage was opened in 1946 (directly behind Yean Cottage) and Oxley Cottage in 1965. Anglewood continued to function as a special school for truants until 1979, having become co-educational in 1975 (Heritage Office, 1988).

The original expanse of the grounds has been altered to suit the requirements of a school. However the driveway and garden immediately surrounding the house remain intact. The driveway ends in a gently serpentine pattern, past the gatehouse which is sited to make the grounds appear more important than they are. From the driveway glimpses of the rear of the house are seen; it travels along the eastern side, leaving the view of the front until the last second. The turning circle is small, in the shape of a teardrop and is enclosed by a strip of evergreen planting, which includes once fashionable palms and succulents. Original wire arches are placed at regular intervals around the planting belt, taking visitors through to a lawn which is edged with a shelter belt of pines.

The garden beds around the house are semi-circular, some edged with candystick moulded terracotta tiles, and the others with bricks set on a 45 degree angle for a saw tooth effect. The flower bed adjoining the eastern wing of the house is a geometric horse-shoe shaped design dissected by a path of crazy paving. The serpentine paths to the rear of the house would once have taken visitors through a series of colourful flower beds and shrubs that would have led to simply-planted woodland (Cavanough et al, 1988, 55, 57).

In 1980, the Department of Youth and Community Services changed the function of the Unit to cater for 24 male and female adolescent State Wards, aged 10 years to 18 years. (Heritage Office 1988)

In 1999 approval was granted to adaptively reuse Yean Cottage as an hotel, subdivide its grounds for cluster housing.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and gardens of domestic accommodation-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Gardens and landscapes reminiscent of an 'old country'-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Significant tree(s) providing rural amenity or character-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and parklands of distinctive styles-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing public servants and officials-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing the prosperous - mansions in town and country-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing politicians-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing the prosperous - hill station summer retreats-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing professional people-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Sub-division of large estates-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Changing land uses - from rural to suburban-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Country Estate-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Rural orchards-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Role of transport in settlement-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing and operating manorial villages-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Creating landmark structures and places in regional settings-
6. Educating-Educating Education-Activities associated with teaching and learning by children and adults, formally and informally. (none)-
6. Educating-Educating Education-Activities associated with teaching and learning by children and adults, formally and informally. Private (independent) schooling-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Developing roles for government - providing education-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Developing roles for government - providing health care facilities-
7. Governing-Governing Welfare-Activities and process associated with the provision of social services by the state or philanthropic organisations Rehabilitation of truants from schools-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Federation Arts and Crafts-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Federation Queen Anne-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Living in a rural homestead-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Kitchens and servants-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Holidaying in hill stations and mountain retreats-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Gardening-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Gathering at landmark places to socialise-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with the Hon. Clive Evatt MLC, barrister and state politician-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Dr George James Sly, solicitor-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with the Hon. Arthur Bruce Smith MHR, Clerk of Public Works, Treasurer, Attorney General-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Maurice B.Adams RIBA, British Arts and Crafts architect-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
It is a climactic example of the full flowering of the 'Queen Anne' Arts and Crafts school of architectural and interior design. It is associated with and a direct copy by Maurice B. Adams, R.I.B.A., a prominent and influential British architect of the Arts and Crafts school and a leading exponent of the Queen Anne Revival style. Adams is also represented in Australia through his design in Bellevue Hill for Charles Fairfax. It is associated with the Hon. Arthur Bruce Smith K.C., M.H.R., Secretary of Public Works and Colonial Treasurer under Parkes in NSW and first Federal Attorney General who has the house built as a country retreat. It is associated with its purchaser, Dr George James Sly, founder of the well-known firm of solicitors, Sly and Russell, who used it as a country house for at least 40 years. (Heritage Office 1988)
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
It has an outstanding country house style of garden with many magnificent specimens of mature exotic trees, lawns, formal garden beds and a most unusual and varied collection of conifers. The garden illustrates the changes in design of garden layout and choice in plantings which have taken place from the 1890s when the garden was developed to the 1950s when the design was influenced by a keen gardener on the school staff. (Heritage Office 1988)
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
It has long association with an innovative government philosophy in youth training and education through its use as a home and special school for truants. (Heritage Office 1988)
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
It is a rare and intact example in Australia of a style of architecture in its fully developed and richly decorated form, more often seen in the U.K. in country mansions and large town houses of the late 19th century. (Heritage Office 1988)
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Both the exterior and interior form and detailing are representative of the most developed form of the Queen Anne Arts and Crafts school of architectural interior design. (Heritage Office 1988)
Integrity/Intactness: Quite a few alterations have been made internally, but some care has been taken not to destroy original material. (Heritage Office 1988)
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementConservation Plan Aug 1 1996
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act Record converted from HIS events


Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
1. Maintenance
Maintenance of all components of a place including the fabric, contents and setting, where maintenance means the continuous protective care without causing any damage or change to the existing fabric.

This exemption applies to the full range of heritage items subject to conservation orders, including landscapes and vegetation, rural sites, heritage conservation areas, building complexes, buildings, structures, monuments, Aboriginal and moveable heritage and industrial heritage sites.

Typical maintenance works covered by this exemption include:
* cleaning generally, as well as cleaning out gutters, drainage systems, ponds, dams and other water storage and drainage areas;
*resecuring loose elements of roofs,timber-work and decorative features in the original manner;
* straightening and resecuring fences and gates;
* minor servicing of equipment and services like lifts, air conditioning and fire services, components with moveable parts requiring lubrication like machinery, engines, water reticulation systems, but only where less than half the parts need replacing.
May 23 1997
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0063902 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0063916 May 97 532857
Regional Environmental Plan  01 Jan 86   
Local Environmental Plan 198912 Jan 90 00700288

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenBritton, Geoffrey & Clubley, Garry1995Landscape Assessment for Anglewood, Burradoo
WrittenCavanough, J., Prell, A. & North, T.1988Gardens of the Southern Highlands NSW - 1828-1988

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5044979
File number: S90/01408 & CHC 88/2600


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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