Bolton Street Car Park Facade & Side Wall | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Bolton Street Car Park Facade & Side Wall

Item details

Name of item: Bolton Street Car Park Facade & Side Wall
Other name/s: David Cohen Warehouse
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Warehouse/storage area
Location: Lat: -32.9288065666 Long: 151.7823972840
Primary address: 48-50 Bolton Street, Newcastle, NSW 2300
Parish: Newcastle
County: Northumberland
Local govt. area: Newcastle
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Awabakal
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1 DP601267
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
48-50 Bolton StreetNewcastleNewcastleNewcastleNorthumberlandPrimary Address
48-62 Bolton StreetNewcastleNewcastleNewcastleNorthumberlandAlternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Newcastle City CouncilLocal Government25 Mar 99

Description

Designer/Maker: Frederick B. Menckens
Construction years: 1901-
Physical description: Warehouse 10. Of interwar art deco/functionalist ocean liner style. Facade only, redeveloped as car park for city council by sutors and busteed (architects) 1980 5 storey dark red brick facade. transitional building revealing the development in architecture towards plain surfaces (RAIA).

Architecture Newcastle describes the building as "a monochromatic, dark red faade and brickwork masterpiece." The building is 5 storeys high of brick load bearing construction finely executed in the Federation Warehouse style. The main facade is finished entirely in face brickwork and detailed to form arched openings and massive corbelled piers. Detail is related to the brick units themselves, as opposed to any classical detailing. The composition is based on a tripartite group of openings vertically and horizontally, and a vertically emphasised propertion. The arches are elegant and complete the vertical composition of the openings. The building's parapet features splendidly detailed brick caps and cornice (LEP, 2012).

Five storey inner city warehouse constructed from load bearing brick walls with ironbark timber post and beam framings internally. Main facade finished entirely in face brickwork, detailed to form arched openings and massive corbelled piers. Facade of great strength which is almost fortress like in its monumentality. Basically vertical fenestration of piers, windows and recesses, facade releived by two narrow cornices at first and fourth floor levels (RNE, 1980).

The building has important historical associations with David Cohen and the pre-eminent 19th century architect Frederick B Menkens. The building has been described as the best example of Menkens' work in Australia. The building makes an important contribution to the streetscape and is a visually element of the Newcastle skyline, particularly when viewed from the foreshore, Fort Scratchley and other parts of the city centre. The National Trust described it as one of the best examples of a Federation era warehouse building to be found anywhere in Australia. The building became the benchmark for many local builders constructing in brickwork at the turn of the century (LEP, 2012).

One of the best examples of a Federation era warehouse. Regarded as Newcastle architect, Frederick Menkens' finest commercial essay in brick design in the Functionalist tradition. The building affords a spectacular street element of cityscape scale and is a fitting reminder of the once bustling warehouse and shipping office quarter of Newcastle (RNE, 1980; NTA).
Current use: Car Parking station
Former use: warehouse

History

Historical notes: This building was designed by Menkens after his release from debtors' prison. It was built for David Cohen as a shipping warehouse and converted to a parking station by Newcastle Council in 1983 (Suters Busteed Corner Clode were the architectural team responsible for the conversion). It was slated for demolition until the NSW Government protected it with the imposition of a Permanent Conservation Order in 1981, transposed to a listing on the State Heritage Register in 1999.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Warehousing and storage for commercial enterprises-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Significant Places How are significant places marked in the landscape by, or for, different groups-Monuments and Sites
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements River Transport-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Wharf and shipping history-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Subdivision of urban estates-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Roadside Villages-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 20th Century infrastructure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Creating landmark structures and places in urban settings-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Role of transport in settlement-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing suburbia-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Creating landmark structures and places in regional settings-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Shaping coastal settlement-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Wharfside and Port Work Culture-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Working in shops and stores-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with David Cohen, prominent merchant-

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 
Recommended ManagementCarry out interpretation, promotion and/or education 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0006602 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0006627 Mar 81 461817
Local Environmental PlanNewcastle LEP 2012I36915 Jun 12 64 
Heritage studyNewcastle Heritage Study14608 Dec 90   
National Trust of Australia register NTA (NSW) Country Register4481   
Royal Australian Institute of Architects registerRAIA 20th Century Significant Buildings List    
Register of the National EstateRegister of the National Estate127520 Oct 80   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Newcastle Heritage Study1990146Unknown  Yes
National Trust Country Register04481National Trust of Australia (NSW)  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written  Menkens Centenary Exhibition
WrittenMaitland, Barry & Stafford, C.1997Architecture Newcastle: A Guide

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5044991
File number: S90/06210 & HC 32056


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.