Stanmore House | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Stanmore House

Item details

Name of item: Stanmore House
Other name/s: Pemell House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Location: Lat: -33.8989619819 Long: 151.1747495770
Primary address: 88 Enmore Road, Enmore, NSW 2358
Parish: Petersham
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Marrickville
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT50 DP3605
LOT51 DP3605
LOT52 DP3605
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
88 Enmore RoadEnmoreMarrickvillePetershamCumberlandPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Patris Projects Pty LtdPrivate 

Statement of significance:

Stanmore House is of State heritage significance for its associations with Mary Reibey a noted emancipist entrepreneur and the Long Innes family. Constructed circa 1847-1855 by Mary Reibey for her daughter Elizabeth Anne and son-in-law, Captain Joseph Long Innes. It is claimed that Innes' son Sir Joseph Long Innes, later Attorney General of New South Wales was born in Stanmore house in 1834. Stanmore House is a rare surviving architectural example of its period and has a unique ability to demonstrate a way of life when Newtown was considered a fashionable suburb. It is the last of the large suburban villas remaining in Newtown/Enmore from the period preceding the railway line, after which the suburb changed dramatically. The house has the ability to demonstrate the conscious attempts of the rich merchant class to recreate the marriage of architecture with landscape of the English Picturesque movement. Stanmore House is the last vestige of that era in Newtown and has unique social value in its ability to demonstrate a way of life. Stanmore House has been attributed to Henry Robertson who was a leading Sydney architect of the first half of the nineteenth century. It is the only known surviving house by him. The internal finishes of Stanmore House are of a high quality, and are largely intact. (Heritage Office files) (Long 1989)
Date significance updated: 13 May 11
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Henry Robertson (attributed)
Construction years: 1847-1855
Physical description: Stanmore House is a substantial two-storey brick house of late Colonial Regency design. It is symmetrical with a central entrance and gable. It has a gable 'break' in its façade. The house when built has a one stroey vernadah around its perimeter. Stoned constructed verandah to rear of the house. Original basement. The interior contains original finely detailed cedar joinery, fireplaces, a geometrical staircase, fine entrance doorcase with attached columns, early ironwork and plaster ceilings.
Modifications and dates: 1930s - original front verandah enclosed by a brick wall to create kitchens as part of its conversion to flats.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Flats

History

Historical notes: June 1842 It is a time of economic depression and Mary Reibey is in a good position to buy up the Pencilville house and estate from its financially beleagured owner William Manning. Mary takes up residence.

1847-1849 Mary Reibey builds Stanmore House nearby for used for her family.

May 1855 Mary Reibey dies. Her house becomes known as Reiby House. The estate is left to her two surviving daughters Eliza Thompson and Elizabeth long Innes.

November 1855 Captain and Elizabeth Long Innes formally separate.

January 1856 Sydney Morning Herald advertisement 'To Be Let'. No mention of the garden, which would have been in its infancy. The huges pines would have been planted about this time.

1856-61 No records known.

1861-64 Stanmore House is rented to draper George Chisholm.

1864-68 The house is rented to flour miller James Pemell (1816-1906) JP MLA.

1868-72 The house is rented to Daniel Henry.

11 October 1871 The Pencilville Estate is subdivided and the dense rows of Victorian terraces are built. The link - physically and visually between the houses of mother and daughter is broken. The open, semi-rural nature of the suburb disappears; the centre of Newtown, by now a major commercial centre shifts to the east.

3 July 1872 Daniel Henry buys Stanmore House. The sale documents are the first recorded reference to the name ‘Stanmore House’.

1876 Daniel Henry sells to James Pemell (his stepfather-in-law)

11 November 1899 James Pemell subdivides the estate; the eastern verandah and service wing are demolished.

1902 Sarah Rebecca Henry buys the house from stepfather James Pemell and demolishes the western service wing to make Pemell Lane.

1903 Doctor Richard Trindall builds a two storey Queen Anne Federation house and surgery named Cronulla six feet away on the west side.

1916 Doctor Daniel Henry Beegling buys Stanmore House and uses it as a surgery; it passes to his widow Jean in 1926.

1930 Margaret Finlay buys the house and ivides it into four flats. A new brick façade is built upon the original stone front verandah. Three shops facing Enmore Road are built on the remaining pocket of garden.

1935 Edward Thomas Byrnes buys the house (which passes to his widow Elizabeth in 1960). A garage is added.

1964 Reibey House is demolished.

1970 Patris Projects buys Stanmore House and divides it into seven flats. Aluminium windows are put in, the back verandah is partially enclosed with fibro and the staircae balustrade is lost.

1982 The house is Classified by the National Trust of Australia (NSW).

1985 Cronulla is damaged in a fire and demolished: the cause of the fire is not found.

24 April 1989 The Heritage Council of NSW places Permanent Conservation Order No. 662 on Stanmore House.

June 1995 The Heritage Council approves $3000 funding through its Heritage Assistance program to Marrickville Council for a Development Control Plan for the entire block bounded by Enmore Road, Reiby and Simmons Street and Pemell Lane. (Long 1995)

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Convict-Activities relating to incarceration, transport, reform, accommodation and working during the convict period in NSW (1788-1850) - does not include activities associated with the conviction of persons in NSW that are unrelated to the imperial 'convict system': use the theme of Law & Order for such activities Demonstrating emancipist's entrepreneurial activities-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Mary Reibey, emancipist business woman-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Daniel T.B. Henry JP, businessman-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Eliza Thompson, emancipist-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Elizabeth Long Innes, military establishment wife-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with William Manning, landowner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with George Chisholm, draper-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with James Pemell, flour miller-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Dr Henry Beegling, doctor-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Sarah Rebecca Henry, landowner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Margaret Finlay, landowner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Edward Byrne, landowner-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Stanmore House is the last of the large suburban villas remaining in Newtown/Enmore from the period preceding the railway line, after which the suburb changed dramatically. The house has the ability to demonstrate the conscious attempts of the rich merchant class to recreate the marriage of architecture with landscape of the English Picturesque movement. Stanmore House is the last vestige of that era in Newtown and has unique social value in its ability to demonstrate a way of life.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Stanmore House is of State heritage significance for its associations with Mary Reibey a noted emancipist entrepreneur and the Long Innes family. Constructed circa 1847-1855 by Mary Reibey for her daughter Elizabeth Anne and son-in-law, Captain Joseph Long Innes.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
It is a interesting example of colonial architecture, having a gabled centre break front similar to Sydney's first government House, but in surviving form possibly only found at the Windsor Rectory and Stradbroke on the Patterson River.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The gable 'break' in the façade, which together with that at St. Matthews rectory Windsor is unique for its period.


Stanmore House has been attributed to Henry Robertson who was a leading Sydney architect of the first half of the nineteenth century. It is the only known surviving house by him.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 
Recommended ManagementCarry out interpretation, promotion and/or education 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act Record converted from HIS events


Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
(1) The maintenance of any building or item on the site where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing material; and
(2) All horticultural management, including the repair and maintenance of existing fences, gates, garden walls.
(3) Internal alterations to the commercial premises on the site fronting Enmore Road.
Aug 22 1986
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act gen bld & garden + refer file


Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
(1) The maintenance of any building or item on the site where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing material;
(2)All horticultural management including the repair and maintenance of existing fences, gates and garden walls; and
(3) Internal alterations to the commercial premises on the site fronting Enmore Road.
Aug 19 1988
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act See File For Schedule


Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
The maintenance of any building or item on the site where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing material.
All horticultural management, including the repair and maintenance of existing fences, gates and garden walls.
Internal alterations to the commercial premises on the site fronting Enmore Road.
May 5 1989
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0066202 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0066205 May 89 0552779
Local Environmental Plan  01 Sep 89   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenLong, Elisha1995Journal of the Marrickville Heritage Society, No. 9, pp 6 -12
WrittenLong, Elisha1989Stanmore House: A Conservation Study

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045003
File number: S90/05914 & HC 32397


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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