Union Bank of Australia (former) | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Union Bank of Australia (former)

Item details

Name of item: Union Bank of Australia (former)
Other name/s: Weymouth House, Hesley Gallery
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Bank
Location: Lat: -33.2813901361 Long: 149.0969052020
Primary address: 84 Byng Street, Orange, NSW 2800
Parish: Orange
County: Wellington
Local govt. area: Orange
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Orange
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT32358 DP 
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
84 Byng StreetOrangeOrangeOrangeWellingtonPrimary Address
Sale StreetOrangeOrangeOrangeWellingtonAlternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
The Trustee for Union Bank Property TrustPrivate 

Statement of significance:

Opened in 1858 by the Union Bank of Australia it has historic significance as the first bank of Orange. The former Union Bank building is of simple and austere Victorian styling, its facade enlivened only by decorative lintels, keystones and sills to the window openings. Situated on a corner it makes a positive architectural contribution to the street. (Heritage Office files)
Date significance updated: 08 Nov 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: The building comprises a two-storey rendered brick and iron-roofed main building with a later single-storey brick classroom or hall at the rear, added during the period of school occupancy of the building and perhaps contemporary with the Federation style porch of timber construction added to shelter the principal entry to the main building. Outbuildings at the rear include a separate kitchen-house and a stables block with later garage addition, the latter original internal details such as the horse ‘boxes’ and wooden cobble floors.

The bank building proper is of simple and austere Victorian styling, its facade enlivened only by decorative lintels, keystones and sills to the window openings. Internally the building is also very simply and economically fitted with none of the elaboration usually found in major commercial premises of the period. Original doors, architraves and skirtings, fireplace surrounds and main staircase survive but are simple and basic in design (Branch Managers Report to the Heritage Council 21.3.1980)
Modifications and dates: 1858 - main two-storey building constructed.
1880s- single storey building at rear constructed.
1981 - Heritage Council approval given for conversion and restoration of buildings
1983 - Heritage Council approval given for use of ground floor for restaurant purposes
1985 - Heritage Council approval given for the stratification into 3 titles ad change of use of the property.
1988 - Heritage Council approval given for new fire escape, firehose reel, exit lights and emergency lighting.
1992 - Heritage Council approval given for replacement of portico, and interio alterations
Further information: LEP - state significant
Current use: restaurant, offices
Former use: Bank, School

History

Historical notes: The Union Bank of Australia was established in Orange in 1857 in temporary premises and in 1858 opened in the present building. It was first bank in Orange. In April 1862 the business of the Union Bank was taken over by the Commerical Bank of Sydney. It would be after this year that the building was acquired and used as a Police Station. In 1874/75 buildings for the Police Department were under construction in Byng Street not far from the Court House.

It was after this date that Mr T H Richards conducted a school in this building called Weymouth House. In 1893 Mr Richards transferred his school and the building became a Girls School called Dombrane College. After closing as Queen’s College in about 1911/12 the building then became a boarding house conducted by Miss Hawke and her mother. After the boarding school it was used as residential flats. (Letter to Heritage Council 25.3.1980)

In February 1980 the Heritage Council was advised by the National Trust of Australia (NSW) that the Former Union Bank was under threat of demolition.

A Section 130 Order was placed over the building on 29 February 1980. A formal notice under Section 132 was subsequently made by the owners of the building with the intention to demolish the building.

After taking into consideration the views of Orange Council and the owners of the building an Interim Conservation Order was placed over the building on 18 April 1980 in an effort to find a suitable use for the building.

In August 1980 the Department of Public Works inspected the property and advised the building was significant for its historic and streetscape value and was suitable for re-use as professional offices or residential/commercial use.

In 1981 the property was sold and a loan and grant was made available to the owners for the restoration of the building.

On 11 February 1983 a Permanent Conservation Order was placed over the property.

It was transferred to the State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Banking-
6. Educating-Educating Education-Activities associated with teaching and learning by children and adults, formally and informally. Private (independent) schooling-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Designing in an exemplary architectural style-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Opened in 1858 by the Union Bank of Australia it has historic significance as the first bank of Orange. (Heritage Office files)
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The former Union Bank building is of simple and austere Victorian styling, its facade enlivened only by decorative lintels, keystones and sills to the window openings. Situated on a corner it makes a positive architectural contribution to the street. (Heritage Office files)
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0023002 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0023011 Feb 83 280662
Local Environmental Plan     
Potential Heritage ItemA 17 May 02   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1980Branch Managers Report to the Heritage Council 21.3.1980
TourismAttraction Homepage2007Belgravia @ Union Bank View detail
TourismTourism NSW2007Belgravia @ Union Bank View detail

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045014
File number: S90/05892 & HC 32423


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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