Goulburn Pumping Station, Marsden Weir & Appleby Steam Engine | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

About us

Goulburn Pumping Station, Marsden Weir & Appleby Steam Engine

Item details

Name of item: Goulburn Pumping Station, Marsden Weir & Appleby Steam Engine
Other name/s: Goulburn Steam Museum Pump House; Goulburn Waterworks
Type of item: Landscape
Group/Collection: Landscape - Cultural
Category: Water Pump House/Pumping Station
Location: Lat: -34.7369444206 Long: 149.7040063750
Primary address: Wollondilly River, Goulburn, NSW 2580
Parish: Goulburn
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Goulburn Mulwaree
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Pejar
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
PART LOT1 DP1119777
PART LOT11 DP1123614
LOT4 DP1126066
PART LOT1 DP951293
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Wollondilly RiverGoulburnGoulburn MulwareeGoulburnCumberlandPrimary Address
off Fitzroy StreetGoublburnGoulburn MulwareeGoulburnArgyleAlternate Address
off River StreetGoulburnGoulburn Mulwaree  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Goulburn Mulwaree CouncilLocal Government19 Mar 99

Description

Construction years: 1885-1886
Physical description: Setting and Site:
Set on the banks of the picturesque Wollondilly River at Marsden Weir, Goulburn, New South Wales.

Pumphouse:
Built in 1885, the steam operated pumping facility provided Goulburn's first reticulated water supply. The pumphouse still contains the original pump and boilers (Goulburn Waterworks Museum, 2005, amended).

Fine example of Victorian /Georgian architecture. One of four similar buildings constructed in regional NSW towns in the 1880s (Elliot, 2019)

This unique facility is the only complete, workable beam engine powered municipal water supply left in its original location, in the Southern Hemisphere. The buildings and engine are of national significance (Goulburn Waterworks Museum, 2005, amended).

Machinery:
Original Appleby Bros. Beam Engine pump (fully restored: Goulburn Post, 2019) and original Lancashire Boilers (Goulburn Waterworks Museum, 2005, amended).

Of national significance, as well, is a Hick, Hargreaves & Co's horizontal engine. Although not original to the site, arriving in 1970, it is thought to be the oldest, surviving British engine to use a Corliss valve. Examples of electric pumping engines from the early and mid-20 century complete the display. The Pumphouse also houses static displays along its walls, with a collection of high quality, model steam engines (ibid, 2019).

Fireman's Cottage (former):
The original Fireman's Cottage, built around the same time as the Pumphouse, is now used as an Archive and Research Centre. Amongst its collections are documents and plans into the original process that Goulburn Municipal Council-along with Bathurst, Albury and Wagga Wagga-had to go through to get a reticulated water supply. Archival material includes copies of the original 'Town and Country Water and Sewage Act' of the 1880's; which promised so much for towns that had a decent river system, but was found to be restrictive in its methods of paying back the colonial government for the cost of building, setting up and maintaining a piped, water supply (ibid, 2019).
Current use: Museum
Former use: Municipal water supply system

History

Historical notes: Set on the banks of the Wollondilly River at Marsden Weir, Goulburn and built in 1885, the steam operated pumping facility provided Goulburn's first reticulated water supply. The pumphouse still contains the original Appleby Bros. Beam Engine pump and Lancashire Boilers.

It was one of four similar buildings constructed in regional NSW towns in the 1880s. Throughout the 1870s and '80s and into the 20th Century, the municipal council debates, the letters of protest to the government of the time and the editorials in both local and national newspapers became a major issue for Victorian's trying to get clean, reliable water (Elliot, 2019).

Goulburn Waterworks: 1886
Becoming operational in January 1886, the Waterworks provided a reticulated water supply to the growing City of Goulburn. The pumphouse was powered by timber - wood piles fired the boilers 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Before 1886 Goulburn residents would have collected water in tanks or wells, or purchased supplies from a carter. The demand of the growing city resulted in the Rivers and Harbours Board installing a waterworks on the Wollondilly River at Rocky Point powered by a steam operated beam engine. Water was pumped from the river to a filtration plant and reservoir, then gravity fed to residents of the city.

The site's first fireman was Robert Geoghegan and first engineer was Edward Woodhart (ibid, 2019).

Appleby Beam Engine
The original 1883 Appleby Bros. steam engine situated inside the pumphouse was one of four installed in Pumphouses around NSW. The others were at Wagga Wagga, Albury (both scrapped in 1936) and Bathurst . The steam engine is known as a beam engine because of the large overhead rocking beam that transmits motion from the pistons to the cranks.

This great beam engine, of the type first invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1712, is an example of the powerhouse that drove the Industrial Revolution. Originally designed for pumping water out of mines in the UK it was improved by Watt, Smeaton, Maudsley and other engineers of the steam age until it became a very efficient and reliable engine.

Apart from mines and water supplies, many thousands were used to drive factory machinery in the 18th and 19th centuries - some four operated in factories in Goulburn - until they were superseded by electric motors in the early 20th century.

Goulburn's Beam Engine 1883
The Goulburn Waterworks engine is of medium size and produces 120 horse power. It has compound cylinders and a jet condenser. The fly wheel is 5 metres in diameter and at 18 r.p.m. the pumps delivered 660,000 litres of water per hour.

The two boilers that produce the steam that powers the engine, are located in the western wing of the building.

Fired by wood or coal, they produce high temperature steam that is piped through to the beam engine in the central part of the building. Only one boiler would have been operational at any one time. The other being shut down for regular cleaning and maintenance.

Steam from the boilers enters the valve chest on the cylinders from where it is transmitted to the cylinders by means of a valve mechanism. The action of the steam on the pistons causes them to reciprocate. Rods connect the pistons to the beam at one end, and to the crank at the other. This converts the 'rocking' motion to rotary motion which makes the flywheel turn, giving a smooth and continuous action

By 1918 the beam engine had became obsolete when electric motors were installed.

Idle for many years, Goulburn's Beam Engine was restored in 1958.

The Pumphouse
The east wing of the building houses a horizontal steam engine, the Hick Hargreave (see separate page) and the early dynamo room with its electric pump.

The Waterworks is notable not just for its historic steam engine, but for the elegant Victorian building that houses the beam engine and boilers. Only metres away further up the hill stands the original fireman's cottage, also of Victorian design.

Horizontal Engine by Hick, Hargreaves & Co., England , c 1860.
From 1968 the Goulburn Waterworks operated as a museum of engines. It was during this period that a grant was made available under the Regional Employment Development Scheme (1975) which saw some of this funding used for the installation of the Hick Hargreaves engine now on display and operational on steaming days, in the annexe of the pumphouse.

The single cylinder horizontal engine measures 9 metres in length, weighs 17 tons with the flywheel being 4 metres in diameter.

It was originally used to power equipment in a Sydney tannery, becoming discarded in 1961. It was reported that it had been acquired to represent the nest stage of steam engine development after the beam type engine (Goulburn Waterworks Museum, 2005).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Other open space-
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Changing the environment-
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Cultural: Rivers and water bodies important to humans-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and countryside of rural charm-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes of institutions - productive and ornamental-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and parklands of distinctive styles-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Events-Activities and processes that mark the consequences of natural and cultural occurences Developing local landmarks-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Technologies for reticulated water supply-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Use of natural resources.-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Building settlements, towns and cities-National Theme 4
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Accommodating workers in workers' housing-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Adapted heritage building or structure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal 1820s-1850s land grants-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Changing land uses - from rural to suburban-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Resuming private lands for public purposes-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Administering and alienating Crown lands-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing civic infrastructure and amenity-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Creating landmark structures and places in regional settings-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th Century Infrastructure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Utilities-Activities associated with the provision of services, especially on a communal basis Water and drainage-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Utilities-Activities associated with the provision of services, especially on a communal basis Providing drinking water-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Working complex machinery and technologies-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Working on public infrastructure projects-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. State government-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. Local government-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act maintenance & gardens


Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
(1) The maintenance of any building or item on the site where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing material.
(2) Garden maintenance including cultivation, weed control, the repair and maintenance of existing fences, gates and garden walls, pruning and tree surgery but not extensive lopping.
Jun 26 1987
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions Sep 5 2008
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0035602 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0035629 Jun 87 1093639

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenElliot, Julie2019History Talk at the Goulburn Waterworks View detail
WrittenGoulburn Waterworks Museum2005Goulburn Waterworks Museum View detail
WrittenIntegrated Design Associates Goulburn Pump House and Steam Engine Museum Conservation Management Plan

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez rez rez
rez rez rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045044
File number: S90/05331 & HC 32906


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.