Hestock | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Hestock

Item details

Name of item: Hestock
Other name/s: Le Chalet
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Location: Lat: -33.8371290320 Long: 151.1606678640
Primary address: 14 Crescent Street, Hunters Hill, NSW 2110
Parish: Hunters Hill
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Hunters Hill
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT5 DP538646
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
14 Crescent StreetHunters HillHunters HillHunters HillCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Hestock is of State heritage significance as one of the few domestic buildings designed by eminent architect Walter Liberty Vernon, who went on to become the New South Wales Government Architect from 1890 to 1911. Hestock is a seminal example of the architectural style known as Federation Arts & Crafts and has been designed 'in the round' ie all elevations have received the same degree of attention to design and detail. Hestock retains a very high degree of fabric integrity and intactness. It is of significance as an early house of the Hunter's Hill peninsula with associations with both the estate and owners of 'Passy'.
Date significance updated: 01 May 18
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: W.L. Vernon
Construction years: 1885-1885
Physical description: Hestock is a substantial two storey sandstone residence, with verandahs on three sides. The sandstone walls are rock-faced ashlar and feature smooth dressed quoins and smooth dressed stone mullions to the windows. The house is asymmetrical, with a steeply pitched gabled slate roof. Chimneys are sandstone with pairs of unglazed terracotta chimney pots. The gable ends feature imitation half-timbering. Windows are often in groups of three. The group of three windows lighting the entrance hall to the northeast of the entry porch feature geometrically patterned leadlights. Also adjacent to the entry porch, carved into one of the dressed quoins are the words 'Hestock AD 1881'.

The main return verandah to the front and the northeast side of the house features a slate roof with bablets featured to both sides. The rear service wing is single storey, also with a gabled slate roof and features a gabled roof vent. A stone garden wall joins the rear wall of the service wing and features a dressed top, curved dressed end and features a whimsical arrow-slit cross.

Internally the walls are plastered brick and ceilings are high with, in the front section of the house elaborately moulded cornices and large ceiling roses. In the rear service wing original plain plaster ceiling without cornices survive. There is an existing modern enlarged opening between the kitchen and the family room which does not extend to ceiling height. (Kemp and Johnson, 2000)
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Physical condition is excellent.
Date condition updated:03 Jan 13
Modifications and dates: 1920s - possible alteration of the verandah to the front and northeastern side of the house.
1988 - construction of a two storey timber cottage to the northwest of the house
Current use: Residence
Former use: Abioriginal land, town lot, residence

History

Historical notes: Hunters Hill:
At the time of European contact the Kelly's bush area was inhabited by the Wal Umedegal Clan who spoke the Guringai language. They lived primarly on fish and shellfish, supplmenting their diet when necessary with vegetables, marsupials, birds and grubs. They were also frequently observed firing the scrub both to facilitate access to the foreshore and to flush out game. Very little is known of their social structure and religious beliefs (Pitt, 2011).

Captain John Hunter (1737-1821) of the Sirius, charted Sydney harbour in 1788. On 28 January 1788 he wrote in his journal: 'A few days after my arrival with the transports in Port Jackson, I set off with a six-oared boat and a small boat, intending to make as good a survey of the harbour as circumstances would admit: I took to my assistance Mr Bradley, the first lieutenant, Mr Keltie, the master, and a young gentleman of the quarter-deck (midshipman Henry Waterhouse).' Hunter's meticulous chart shows 30 depth soundings around the peninsula bounded by the Parramatta and Lane Cove Rivers. Hunter was Governor of the Colony from 1795-1800. He is commemorated in the name of Hunters Hill (Sherry/Hunters Hill Historical Society, 2011, 15).

In 1855 a speculative housing venture of erecting four prefabricated Swiss Cottages at Hunters Hill was underway. In this period Hunters Hill was an established French enclave, with the residence of the French consul located there at "Passy", and much of its early development was constructed by men of French descent. The prefabricated houses were advertised as "four splendid family residences, standing in their own grounds, of about 1 acres each", with "wood and water in abundance" ( Sherry 1989, 48).

Beverley Sherry in her study of Hunter Hill notes that this was the first planned group of houses to be built in the municipality, marking the beginning of the garden suburb character of Australia's oldest Garden Suburb The subdivision and garden suburb development occurred in the mid to late nineteenth century, predating the formation of the Garden Suburb movement. The historic development at Hunters Hill was consistently speculative, although some of the subdivisions were undertaken to provide residences for family members (Mattingley, 2007).

Hestock:
The land Hestock stands on was originally part of the Passy Estate, a landholding of considerable extent stratching from what is now Woolwich Road to Alexandra Bay between Ferry and Crescent Streets. Between 1855 and 1857 Passy, a substantial stone villa, was built for Monsieur Louis Sentis, the French Consul at the time. Sentis sold shortly afterward to Edye Manning.

Hestock was built in 1885 by Alfred Christian Garrick, the owner of Passy. The architect was Walter Liberty Vernon (later the New South Wales Government Architect from 1890 to 1911). He also designed the Hunters Hill Post Office. The house was illustrated in the Australian Builder's and Contractor's News of August 18, 1888.

In 1886 John Arthur was the tenant of the house and H.B. Cotton from 1888.

The house was named Le Chalet during (at least) the years 1890 to 1924. There is anecdotal evidence to suggest that it was known as Le Chalet up until 1968 (pers comm with previous occupant).

According to anecdotal evidence, the service wing originally featured a timber verandah (now demolished) which had a laundry with a bricked in copper and, later, a gas copper and cement wash tubs. Adjacent to this was a wood shed and a toilet. Before the subdivision of land on the Western boundary, there were two garages and two workmens sheds as well as a corrugated iron work water tank (pers comm with previous occupant).

The house itself has the words 'Hestock AD 1881' carved into a dressed stone quoin adjacent to the entry porch. As Walter Libery Vernon sold his architectural practise in Britain and came to Australia in 1883 the date on the house cannot be correct (as Vernon was not in Auatralia at that time).

The house must have been constructed between 1883 (the time of Vernon's arrival in NSW) and 1888 (the years it was illustrated in the Builder's and Contractor's News). As it was occupied in 1886 it does appear that an 1885 construction date appears likely. (Kemp and Johnson, 2000)

Hestock was nominated for a Permanent Conservation Order in 1979 by the then owner Mr Evans. The Permanent Conservation Order was gazetted on 27 June 1980. It was transferred to the State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Residential-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Building settlements, towns and cities-National Theme 4
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Architectural design-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Federation era residence-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. A Picturesque Residential Suburb-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Changing land uses - from rural to suburban-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Subdivision of urban estates-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing suburbia-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Federation Arts and Crafts-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1900-1950-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1950-2000-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1850-1900-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ornamental Garden-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Living in suburbia-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Walter Liberty Vernon, Government Architect, private architect-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Hestock is associated with 'Passy' having been built for its owner Alfred Christian Garrick. Hestock is an important early work of the eminent architect Walter Liberty Vernon.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Hestock is a seminal example of the architectural style which came to be known as Federation Arts & Crafts. (Kemp & Johnson, 2000) Hestock has a particularly interesting design detail as it has been designed 'in the round' ie all elevations have received he same degree of attention to design and detail.
Integrity/Intactness: Hestock retains a very high degree of integrity. (Kemp and Johnson, 2000)
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for commentConservation Management Plan for Hestock (Revised July 2000)  
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0009202 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0009227 Jun 80 893289
Local Environmental Plan 0001413 Sep 91 1277986

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenKemp & Johnson Heritage Consultants2000Conservation Management Plan for Hestock
WrittenSherry, Beverley2011'John Hunter', entry (Valentia Street Wharf footpath plaque)

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045098
File number: S90/05969 & HC 32333


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