Hastings | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Hastings

Item details

Name of item: Hastings
Other name/s: Thrupp's Cottage; Craignathan; The Hastings; Milton
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Other - Residential Buildings (private)
Location: Lat: -33.8417243624 Long: 151.2185055410
Primary address: 2 Hayes Street, Neutral Bay, NSW 2089
Parish: Willoughby
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: North Sydney
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT  CP/SP46768
LOT103 DP831172
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
2 Hayes StreetNeutral BayNorth SydneyWilloughbyCumberlandPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private25 Mar 99
 Private25 Mar 99
 Private25 Mar 99
 Private25 Mar 99
H F T Nominees Pty LtdPrivate25 Mar 99
North Sydney CouncilLocal Government 
Strata Plan No. 46768Private 

Description

Designer/Maker: Reputedly E. Jeffreason Jackson (1913 house)
Construction years: 1830-1913
Physical description: Site and area:
An important harbourside site. Part of the collection of large fine houses in the vicinity (LEP, 2013).

Occupying a prominent position on the northern foreshores of Sydney Harbour, Hastings is a conspicuous building, greeting ferry passengers arriving at Hayes Street Wharf and providing a pleasant backdrop to the harbourside reserve, shopping centre and ferry wharf. The site of Hastings, including earlier (remains of) houses, has important historical associations with a range of maritime industries, in particular whaling and also with pioneers such as Alfred Thrupp, John McLaren and Benjamin Boyd. The Hastings boarding house is indicative of the building boom of the early 1900s, which resulted in the creation of a coherent architectural styled suburb, the Federation Neutral Bay, for which, to this date, the suburb is well known. Being on the waterfront, Hastings formed a gateway to this important suburb and it would appear that it was probably one of the first large Federation period houses to have been erected on the northern foreshores of Sydney Harbour (RNE, 1989).

Garden:
The site includes a stone wall which may be associated with 'Thrupps Cottage' or 'Craignathan' (1830s), both important early houses (ibid, 2013).

The site of Hastings, including (remains of) earlier houses, has important historical associations with a range of maritime industries, in particular whaling and also with pioneers such as Alfred Thrupp, John McLaren and Benjamin Boyd. Within the grounds are several notable archaeological remains, including stone stairs which once lead to Thrupp's Cottage (possibly the earliest building on the North Shore), remains of a woolstore (built around 1831 and demolished 1884), remains of a reservoir and associated conduits constructed prior to 1842 and the cellar walls of Craignathan, one of the earliest of the more formal houses of the North Shore.

Within the grounds are several notable archaeological remains, including:
- stone stairs which once lead to Thrupp's Cottage (possibly the earliest building on the North Shore);
- remains of a woolstore (built around 1831 and demolished 1884);
- remains of a reservoir and associated conduits constructed prior to 1842; and
- the cellar walls of Craignathan, one of the earliest of the more formal houses of the North Shore (RNE, 1989).

The following historic relics, located on the Hastings site, determine its cultural significance:
1) Thrupp's cottage remains;
2) the cellars of Craignathan;
3) the relics associated with whaling and other maritime activities, eg. shipping of produce for storage in the woolstore (ibid, 1989).

House (1904-13):
A large, dramatically designed Federation Arts and Crafts style house. Its design is attributed to noted architect E Jeaffreson Jackson. It forms a part of the collection of large fine houses in the vicinity (ibid, 2013).

Two storey brick house with attic rooms below a multi-gabled roof of terracotta tiles. It features a roughcast rendered upper floor and square tower with battlemented parapet, bracketed, oriel windows, timber shingled gable ends, and sills and lintels and windows, dramatic arched brick verandah entries and timber slat balustrades to upper verandahs (ibid, 2013).

A fine example of Federation Arts and Crafts style, with asymmetrical composition and a steep roof with deep gables. The brick render and shingle facade treatment of the different levels provide textures and colour to the elevations. The bay windows and intricate joinery provide further interest and also relief to the formal facades. Occupying a prominent position on the northern foreshores of Sydney Harbour, Hastings is a conspicuous building, greeting ferry passengers arriving at Hayes Street Wharf and providing a pleasant backdrop to the harbourside reserve, shopping centre and ferry wharf. The Hastings boarding house is indicative of the building boom of the early 1900s, which resulted in the creation of a coherent architectural styled suburb, the Federation Neutral Bay, for which, to this date, the suburb is well known. Being on the waterfront, Hastings formed a gateway to this important suburb and it would appear that it was probably one of the first large Federation period houses to have been erected on the northern foreshores of Sydney Harbour (RNE, 1989).

A two storey Federation Arts and Crafts style residential building (c 1904) with much of its original details intact. It was built on the site of Thrupp's cottage, one of the earliest buildings on the North Shore and has been leased throughout the years as a high class boarding house. More recently it has been owned by the Commonwealth Government and used by the Department of Defence (Air Force)(ibid, 1989).

The house has been converted into units. The interior of Unit 4 is significantly modified. Unit 1 retains decorative features including plaster ceiling roses, cornices, joinery. Tesselated tiles on balcony (ibid, 2013).

Notwithstanding the substantial changes it has experienced, 2 Hayes Street presents as a fine example of the Federation period Arts and Crafts style. The additions and alterations in the 1980s have captured the characteristics of this distinctive style, maintaining the typical asymmetry and variations in the use of architectural forms and devices. To the extent that the new work blends so successfully with the retained original fabric and features the aesthetic and technical values of the building are somewhat false because it is only after a close inspection on site and study of drawings that the various phases of the buildings evolution can be understood (Heritage Division report, 7/2008 IDA).
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The site still retains architectural evidence of earlier occupation in the form of stone steps associated with Thrupp's Cottage (possibly the oldest residence on the North Shore), remains of a woolstore (circa 1831), a reservoir and associated conduits (circa 1842) and, to the west, the stone cellar walls of 'Craignathan', also built and operated as an early twentieth century boarding house.

The building's internal fabric has been substantially altered to convert it to three residential units, leaving no clear physical evidence of tis origins as a boarding house or its use as the headquarters of the support units of the RAFF from 1956 to the mid 1980s.

However, the imposing presence of its exterior in this prominent location serves to preserve the record of its origins and use and the history of urban development along the northern shoreline of Sydney Harbour (Heritage Impact Statement, HBO EMTB Heritage, April 2008).
Modifications and dates: 1956 purchased by the Commonwealth of Australia Department of Defence for use by the Royal Australian Air Force as a headquarters for its support units. 'Hastings' was substantially altered to accommodate new military uses, with a considerable amount of structural alteration in the area now corresponding to Unit 3. A new porch and entry was added on the south side for the RAAF Chiefs of Staff and many internal changes were undertaken: removal of walls and parts of walls; blocking doors; and making new door openings. At this time the first floor did not extend as far west as it does now and there was no second floor on the western side of the building. It appears that the early ground floor additions of the late Federation period in this area were demolished during the period of occupation by the RAAF.

Late 1980s: Commonwealth Government disposed of the property.

October 1988 North Sydney Council approved an application to convert 'Hastings' into three apartments. The plans by Gary Rothwell, architect, show the most significant changes occurring at the western part to create Unit No. 3.

The interior of Unit 4 is significantly modified. Unit 1 retains decorative features including plaster ceiling roses, cornices, joinery. Tesselated tiles on balcony (Heritage Division report, 2008, IDA).
Current use: multiple residences
Former use: residence

History

Historical notes: The site of Hastings, including earlier (remains of) houses, has important historical associations with a range of maritime industries, in particular whaling and also with pioneers such as Alfred Thrupp, John McLaren and Benjamin Boyd. The Hastings boarding house is indicative of the building boom of the early 1900s, which resulted in the creation of a coherent architectural styled suburb, the Federation Neutral Bay, for which, to this date, the suburb is well known. Being on the waterfront, Hastings formed a gateway to this important suburb and it would appear that it was probably one of the first large Federation period houses to have been erected on the northern foreshores of Sydney Harbour (RNE, 1989).

Garden:
The site includes a stone wall which may be associated with 'Thrupps Cottage' or 'Craignathan' (1830s), both important early houses (ibid, 2013).

Within the grounds are several notable archaeological remains, including stone stairs which once lead to Thrupp's Cottage (possibly the earliest building on the North Shore), remains of a woolstore (built around 1831 and demolished 1884), remains of a reservoir and associated conduits constructed prior to 1842 and the cellar walls of Craignathan, one of the earliest of the more formal houses of the North Shore (RNE, 1989).

The following historic relics, located on the Hastings site, determine its cultural significance:
1) Thrupp's cottage remains;
2) the cellars of Craignathan;
3) the relics associated with whaling and other maritime activities, eg. shipping of produce for storage in the woolstore (RNE, 1989).

House (1904-13):
The building 'Hastings' is attributed to the architect E. Jefferson Jackson. Constructed in 1904 it was used primarily as a boarding house under various proprietors until 1956 when it was purchased by the Commonwealth of Australia. The Department of Defence purchased the property for use by the Royal Australian Air Force as a headquarters for its support units.

'Hastings' was substantially altered to accommodate the new military uses, with a considerable amount of structural alteration in the area now corresponding to Unit 3. A new porch and entry was added on the south side for the RAAF Chiefs of Staff and many internal changes were undertaken: removal of walls and parts of walls; blocking doors; and making new door openings. At this time the first floor did not extend as far west as it does now and there was no second floor on the western side of the building. It appears that the early ground floor additions of the late Federation period in this area were demolished during the period of occupation by the RAAF.

In the late 1980s the Commonwealth Government disposed of the property. In October 1988 North Sydney Council approved a building application to convert 'Hastings' into three apartments. The plans, prepared by Gary Rothwell, architect, show that the most significant changes occurring at the western part of the building to create Unit No. 3.


Hastings the house was built between 1904-13, a large, dramatically designed Federation Arts and Crafts style house on an important harbourside site. Its design is attributed to noted architect E Jeaffreson Jackson (ibid, 1989).

In 1989 approval was given for restoration works to Hastings and for landscaping works around it. Altered plans for landscaping work were approved in 1990. In 1995 approval was given for a new verandah.

Craignathan manor was later replaced by an boutique block of six executive apartments (Archisoul Architects, 2016).

Approval was given in 2008 for alterations to 1st & 2nd floor including installation of lift, new balcony & extension of dining/living room. The same year approval was granted to extend dining & living space, enclose veranda, install lift, reconfigure stair, juliet balcony over extension, extend external retaining wall, landscape element relocations & addition to conservatory.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods Whaling-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods Maritime related industries-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Residential-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Boarding Houses-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Adapted heritage building or structure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. A Picturesque Residential Suburb-

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Statutory InstrumentNominate for State Heritage Register (SHR)02 Nov 16
Statutory InstrumentNominate for State Heritage Register (SHR)02 Nov 16
Statutory InstrumentNominate for State Heritage Register (SHR)02 Nov 16

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0056702 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0056716 Sep 88 1454928
Local Environmental Plan 198903 Nov 89 1079267
Register of the National Estate  18 Apr 89   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenArchisoul Architects2016Statement of Heritage (Impact: works to Penthouse Apartment)

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045099
File number: S91/01807 & HC 873210


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