The Barn - Scout Hall | NSW Environment & Heritage

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The Barn - Scout Hall

Item details

Name of item: The Barn - Scout Hall
Other name/s: Whaling Station
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Community Facilities
Category: Hall Girl Guide/ Scout
Location: Lat: -33.8371099925 Long: 151.2333563460
Primary address: 3a Avenue Road, Mosman, NSW 2088
Parish: Willoughby
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Mosman
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1 DP929358
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
3a Avenue RoadMosmanMosmanWilloughbyCumberlandPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
The Scout Association of Australia NSW Branch 1st Mosman 1908 Scout TroopCommunity Group 

Statement of significance:

Associated with Archibald Mosman, after whom the suburb was named, "The Barn" is believed to be the oldest stone building surviving in the lower North Shore and Sydney's only remaining maritime industrial structure dating from the early Colonial period.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Builder/Maker: Archibald Mosman
Physical description: The Barn:
A two-storey building with a symmetrical front addressing Avenue Road. It has walls of narrow-coursed squared sandstone rubble with more substantial quoin stones, some window dressings and lintels, and basework. There is evidence in the hen-pecked sandstone block finish of former lime-wash finish.

The lintel over the wide main doorway appears to be concrete and there is a metal-barred toplight above the transom of the timber double doors. The gabled roof is covered with slates. Windows are fairly small and have casement sashes.

There is a narrow rear entrance on the eastern (rear) side, where the site has been cut into the rockface, and here there is also a narrow skillion appendage with a brick chimney, and a concrete slab.

Beside the main doors there is a stone base bearing a plaque dedicated in 1981, on which the significance of the building is briefly set out.

In front of the building are rare, mature African yellow wood/ plum pine trees (Afrocarpus falcatus (syn.Nageia falcata) which are fine old trees in their own right. These do, by their size and density of canopy, detract visually from an appreciation of Mosman's oldest building (Stuart Read, pers.comm., 3/9/9).
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Simplified Colonial Georgian Style
Date condition updated:08 Mar 04
Modifications and dates: Pre 1831:
The area is also significant for 'Tarpot's Cave' an Aboriginal heritage- listed cave, directly behind the Barn in the middle of the cliff face.

1831 Erected as a storehouse, part of Mosman's grand scheme for centralising whaling ship servicing. The station was made up of a stone wharf and five strong stone buildings, including the barn, a large storehouse and quarters for the ships' officers and crew. Only one, the barn, remains today.

1925 Purchased by scouting parents for use by the first Mosman 1908 Scout Troop as their headquarters.

2002 Wild weather severely damaged its roof. The entire site was then declared dangerous due to mud and rock slides from the nearby cliff, resulting in the temporary removal of the scout group.

2007-8: Restored, cliff face stabilised, reopened to community use and Scout group (DEWHA 2008:22).
Current use: scout hall, community facility
Former use: whaling boat servicing facility

History

Historical notes: Mosman Bay had been explored by Captain John Hunter as early as 1789. He mentions the bay as Careening Cove, and Charles Grimes, an early surveyor, notes it as such on his map of 1796, apparently because HMS Sirius was careened in the bay in 1789. In following years the bay's name varied. A survey by Roe in 1822 marked it as Careening Cove, but a map by Cross in 1825 called it Sirius Cove. A grant made in the area was called 'land at Great Sirius Cove' while the parish map of 1871 registers the name Great and Little Sirius Cove. It became a popular picnic area in the 1920s. Careening Cove now applies to the inlet east of Kirribilli (Pollan, 1988, 180).

The Barn was erected by Archibald Mosman in 1831 as a storehouse for his whaling business. Called "The Barn" in earlier times, it is thought to be the oldest stone building surviving in the lower North Shore and is claimed to be "the last maritime industrial structure remaining in Sydney dating from the early Colonial period".

Archibald Mosman (1799-1863) and his twin brother George arrived in Sydney in 1828. In 1831 they moved to a 4 acre grant in this area and became engaged in the shipping and whaling industries, using as headquarters a deep, sheltered bay on the north side of the harbour, which became known as Mosman's Bay. Brother George soon took up grazing, but Archibald continued with his whaling activities. (Pollan, 1988, 180).

It was part of Mosman's grand scheme for centralising whaling ship servicing. The station was made up of a stone wharf and five strong stone buildings, including the barn, a large storehouse and quarters for the ships' officers and crew.

The area is also significant for 'Tarpot's Cave' an Aboriginal heritage- listed cave, directly behind the Barn in the middle of the cliff face (DEWHA, 2008, 22).

By 1838 when Mosman owned 108 acres along the local waterfront, he decided to sell his whaling interests and retire to a country property near Glen Innes. On his death in Randwick in 1863 he was buried at St. Jude's cemetery, Randwick, in a grave now maintained by Mosman Council (Pollan, 1988, 180).

The Barn has since had a range of uses, including being the site of the first meeting that led to the formation of the Mosman Municipal Council, a roller skating rink and other uses.

The Barn was saved from property developers in 1925 when it was purchased by scouting parents for use by the first Mosman 1908 Scout Troop. It was used as their headquarters until 2002 when wild weather severely damaged its roof. The entire site was then declared dangerous due to mud and rock slides from the nearby cliff, resulting in the temporary removal of the scouts.

Recognising the historic significance of their Scout Hall, the group embarked on a successful 6 year campaign to restore and conserve the Barn. This began with a 5 year fundraising campaign that raised almost one million dollars. Godden Mackay Logan heritage consultants sponsored the project, preparing a conservation management plan to enable the Scouts to apply for heritage funding.

The major risk to the Barn was an unstable cliff behind the building which threatened to come down, possibly bringing with it a block of home units on top. Only after stabilising the cliff face and restoring the building were the Scouts able to return home. The Barn is now viewed by the local community as the heart of Mosman, a valued community facility and home to the resident Scout group. (DEWHA, 2008, 22).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes of passive recreation-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes of institutions - productive and ornamental-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes of industrial production-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Fishing-Activities associated with gathering, producing, distributing, and consuming resources from aquatic environments useful to humans. Facility for servicing ships-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Fishing-Activities associated with gathering, producing, distributing, and consuming resources from aquatic environments useful to humans. Whaling and sealing for commercial gain-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Working on the waterfront-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Developing local clubs and meeting places-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Scouting movement and facilities-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for commentThe Barn, Mosman, Conservation Management Plan, prepared by Godden Mackay Logan for 1st Mosman 1908 Scout Troop, dated June 2005 CMP endorsed by the Heritage Council 8 August 2005 for a period of five years, expires 8 August 2010. Aug 8 2005
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0018802 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0018808 Jan 82 30053
Local Environmental Plan  03 Jan 92   
Register of the National Estate  18 Sep 89   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenDepartment of the Environment, Water, Heritage & the Arts (DEWHA)2008Mosman Scouts recognised for restoration success
WrittenPollan, Francis (ed.)1988Mosman, suburb entry in 'The Book of Sydney Suburbs'

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045118
File number: S90/05800 & HC 32501


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