Hardware House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Hardware House

Item details

Name of item: Hardware House
Other name/s: Henley House, ICLE House, Monte Paschi House, Cassa Commerciale
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Commercial Office/Building
Location: Lat: -33.8684334007 Long: 151.2056943110
Primary address: 73 York Street, Sydney, NSW 2000
Parish: St Philip
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Sydney
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1 DP86286
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
73 York StreetSydneySydneySt PhilipCumberlandPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Thubbel Pty Ltd & Punace Pty LtdGeneral 

Description

Designer/Maker: Herbert S. Thompson (attributed)
Builder/Maker: Mr Jenkins
Construction years: 1892-
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Facade: good condition and excluding the ground floor level, remains largely intact. Interior spaces have been substantially modified through a series of renovations over time to convert the warehouse for commercial and retail uses.

Most notable changes over time include:
- construction of a modern lift core and fire stair along the north wall, including amenities;
- central row of cast iron columns removed from each floor. Floors now span full width of the site, from north to south. Four cast iron columns remain on the basement floor;
- early plans show a light well approximately 1/2 way along the south wall. Plans dating from 1909 show this to be blocked;
- the rear wall overlooking the light well likely dates from 1909. Aluminium windows in it are c.1980s;
- much of the timber floor structure including flooring and hardwood joists appears to be original, including on level 13;
- early internal finishes such as ceilings and plastered walls have been removed and replaced, but the building retains some early (possibly original) window joinery to York Street (Design 5, 2015, 2).
Date condition updated:10 Sep 15
Current use: commercial building, offices
Former use: Aboriginal land, town lot, warehouse

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters (Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani).

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney (Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani).

Subject site:
The building was built c1892 as a five-storey warehouse (plus basement). Believed to have been designed by Herbert S.Thompson, the faade is a fine example of the Victorian Mannerist style. The first tenants were warehousemen Alcock Brothers Ltd., importers and wholesalers of soft goods. Subsequent notable tenants include W.T.Henley's Telegraph Works, the Australian Red Cross Society, Boy Scouts Association of NSW, and Alexander Smith and Keeler P/L (Design 5, 2015, 2).

The building has been known under various names throughout its history. For a period of time after 1910 it was known as Henley House. In more recent years it has been called Hardware House, ICLE House, Monte Paschi House and Cassa Commerciale (ibid, 2).

Fife Capital purchased the property in April 2014 (ibid, 2).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Changing the environment-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services commerce-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Storing goods-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Building settlements, towns and cities-National Theme 4
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Early Sydney Street-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing towns in response to topography-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Herbert Stanley Thompson, stud horse farmer-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act

Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
Changes in use of the building.
May 24 1985
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementConservation Plan CMP endorsed by Heritage Council 7 June 1999 for a period of five years, expires 7 June 2004. This item is also known as 'Cassa Commerciale', and 'Monte Paschi House', as well as '73 York Street'. Jun 7 1999
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions ORDER UNDER SECTION 57(2) OF THE HERITAGE ACT 1977

Standard exemptions for engaging in or carrying out activities / works otherwise prohibited by section 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977.

I, Donald Harwin, the Special Minister of State pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales do by this Order, effective 1 December 2020:

1. revoke the order made on 11 July 2008 and published on pages 91177 to 9182 of Government Gazette Number 110 of 5 September 2008 and varied by notice published in the Government Gazette on 5 March 2015; and

2. grant the exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977 that are described in the attached Schedule.

Donald Harwin
Special Minister of State
Signed this 9th Day of November 2020.

To view the standard exemptions for engaging in or carrying out activities / works otherwise prohibited by section 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977 click on the link below.
Nov 13 2020

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0058002 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0058013 May 88 872729
Local Environmental PlanSydney Local Environmental Plan 2012 - Schedule 5I198807 Apr 12   
Within a conservation area on an LEPSydney LEP 2012 - York Street Special Character Ar 10 Sep 12   
Development Control PlanSydney DCP 2012 - York Street Special Character Ar 10 Sep 12   
Register of the National Estate  21 Oct 80   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenDesign 5 Architects2015Statement of Heritage Impact - Proposal for Office fitout on Level 2
WrittenGraham Brooks & Associates1999Conservation Management Plan

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage NSW
Database number: 5045124
File number: EF14/5429; H99/103; S91/2212


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