Weidmann Cottage | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Weidmann Cottage

Item details

Name of item: Weidmann Cottage
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Cottage
Location: Lat: -32.2618258469 Long: 150.8888162540
Primary address: 132 Bridge Street, Muswellbrook, NSW 2333
Parish: Rowan
County: Durham
Local govt. area: Muswellbrook
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Wanaruah
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT86DP758740
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
132 Bridge StreetMuswellbrookMuswellbrookRowanDurhamPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Muswellbrook Shire CouncilLocal Government25 Mar 99

Statement of significance:

Weidmann cottage is a sturdy, monolithic structure of symmetrical proportions and reflects the type of architecture and design of a typical colonial middle/working class house of the period - a merchant's townhouse. The two storey stone section of the building and its verandah contribute greatly to the streetscape of Bridge Street and in particular, their relationship to nearby Loxton House. (Woodhouse & Danks 1984: 1)
Date significance updated: 28 Sep 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1840-1845
Physical description: Weidman Cottage is located on gently rising ground on the western side of Bridge Street, the town's main thoroughfare and has been incorporated within the precinct of the public library, which is at its rear (John Carr Heritage Design, 2016, 5).

The two storey stone section of the building and its projecting top verandah contribute greatly to the streetscape of Bridge Street and in particular, their relationship to nearby Loxton House (Woodhouse & Danks, 1984, 1).

The building consists of a predominately symmetrically-designed monolithic structure constructed of sandstone, probably quarried from "Ravensworth". The building comprises a 2 storey main structure of four rooms with the remains of an original one room stone wing extending on the west side at the south end.

A typical colonial middle / working class house of the period - a merchant's townhouse (Woodhouse & Danks, 1984, 1).

The building has a colonnaded verandah along the east facade, a light timber framed outbuilding on the western side at the northern end and a cellar. All these appear to be original except for the ground floor terrace brick coping walls which were built in the 1920s.

The building is constructed of quarried sandstone and fieldstone and the south wall of quarried rubble. Internal walls are of similar rubble masonry finished with hair plaster and painted. The roof is corrugated galvanised iron. The double storeyed verandah and posts had a simple infill balustrade at first floor level, evident today. (Woodhouse & Danks 1984: 5)
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Physical Condition - Fair
Archaeological Potential - Medium
Date condition updated:13 Aug 97
Modifications and dates: c1900-1914 - Large timber framed and weatherboard sheeted extension added.
c1910 - Verandah altered
Post 1910 - Back wing reconstructed
Back skillion possibly contemporary.
(Parsons & Stapleton 1981)
Current use: unused
Former use: Residence, town house, shop

History

Historical notes: Weidman Cottage lies on a Crown grant given to David Brown on 27 November 1838. He sold the property to Henry Richard Clovell McAlpin, a store and innkeeper. The year of this transaction is not known.

Stafford sold the property to Albert Weidman, whom the cottage is named after, in 1891. The property remained in Weidman family hands until 1977 when it was purchased by Muswellbrook Council. However, in 1935 the property was transferred into the name of A.Weidman & Company Ltd, passing out of individual private ownership.

The cottage was constructed sometime between 1840 and 1850, and quite probably before 1845, by the original owner David Brown.The building was erected as one of a pair of semi-detached town cottages. The other cottage has since been demolished to make way for the council public library. Brown appears to have erected the buildings as a speculative venture or as a town residence. An inspection of the building suggested that part of the ground floor served as a shop. It is also possible that Brown was the designer, there being no record of an architect having been employed.

The property was purchased by another storekeeper, William Corby Thompson in 1867 who sold it to David Stafford in 1882.

An adjoining building sharing a common south wall with Weidmann Cottage was later built as a semi detached two storey dwelling similar in all respects to the cottage. Photographs support the possibility that this building was an exact copy of Weidmann Cottage.

Albert Weidmann, who purchased both properties in 1891 used the adjoining residence as his butcher shop. Prior to being demolished in 1977, the second cottage was used as a cakeshop. (Woodhouse & Danks 1985: 6-9)

Albert Weidmann was born in Muswellbrook and contributed significantly to the local community over a 50 year period in commercial, pastoral and sporting interests. In addition to his contribution to the Upper Hunter community, his brother Alexander was one of the founders of the Muswellbrook Colliery and his eldest son, Leslie Albert Weidmann left sufficient funds on his death to facilitate construction of the Weidmann Memorial Wing at Muswellbrook District Hospital (John Carr Heritage Design, 2016, 5).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services commerce-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Shopkeeping-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing private towns-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The building is a good example of a typical merchant class townhouse and as such is an important element in both the streetscape of Bridge Street and the ongoing social history of the community. (Woodhouse & Danks 1984: 16)
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is a well proportioned, symmetrically designed middle-era colonial town residence typical of the reasonably affluent middle/working class merchant housing. It exhibits an interesting and very broad use of solid masonry walls devoid of moulding and utilising stone lintels in otherwise rough hewn stone walls(Woodhouse & Danks 1984: 15)
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a typical merchant class townhouse. (Woodhouse & Danks 1984: 16)
Integrity/Intactness: Externally the building has not been substantially altered except for the rear western elevation and removal of the semi-detached building at the south end. Internally, apart from general deterioration, the cottage generally remains as it would have bee,
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Restore the cottage and use as a Visitor's Centre/Mining Museum. (Woodhouse & Danks: 39)

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0026002 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0026012 Apr 85 691629
Regional Environmental PlanHunter REP 1989 03 Nov 89 107 
Register of the National Estate  11 Aug 87   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenH.O.Woodhouse & Danks Pty Ltd, Architects.1984Historical Report and Conservation Plan for Weidman Cottage, Muswellbrook NSW.
WrittenJohn Carr Heritage Design2016(letter): Muswellbrook Council's Weidman Cottage Maintenance Repairs - Proposed works under standard exemption 7 - minor activities with little or no advser impact on heritage significance and standard exemption 2 - repairs and 3 - painting
WrittenRappoport P/L2010Conservation Management Plan

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045128
File number: S90/05877 & HC 32432


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