Kurkulla | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Kurkulla

Item details

Name of item: Kurkulla
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Homestead building
Location: Lat: -34.4653282315 Long: 150.4192483650
Primary address: Evans Lane, Bowral, NSW 2576
Parish: Mittagong
County: Camden
Local govt. area: Wingecarribee
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Illawarra
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
PART LOT1 DP1059929
PART LOT21 DP787158
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Evans LaneBowralWingecarribeeMittagongCamdenPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private15 Mar 99

Statement of significance:

Kurkulla is considered to be an item of the State's environmental heritage due to its historical significance as the home of the late Ada Evans, the first woman to be admitted to the New South Wales Bar and famous for her pioneering work for females in the legal profession in New South Wales, and indeed Australia.

Kurkulla is significant within the local community generally as evidence of the towns 19th century residential development and as a contributor to Bowral's important stock of early buildings and townscape features. The building and its setting also has aesthetic significance within the town as a representative example of a late 19th century homestead - this significance being enhanced by the degree to which it has retained original fabric and features but compromised by later unsympathetic alterations, especially to the main elevations (LEP).
Date significance updated: 15 Jan 99
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1880-1880
Physical description: Setting and Garden:
The Homestead is situated on 3 hectares opposite the Mt.Gibraltar (SMH, 5-6/7/14) on a rise close to Bowral township with long views to the north over paddocks and bush. It includes a pond and more informal areas of woodland garden, and a copse of black locust/false acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia), a popular 19th century farm sheller belt species)(Stuart Read, pers.comm, 7/2014).

The property has dual entrances (W.M.Carpenter & Associates, advertisement, 6/2015).

A gravel drive approaches the house, which is is flanked by lawns and shrubberies and borders with old-fashioned perennials (e.g. flag iris, Erigeron karvinskianus daisies), roses, smaller shrubs such as Camellia japonica cv.s, hedges of various kinds) and sheltered by tall conifers - a row of Monterey pines (Pinus radiata) to the north, and a large Bunya Bunya pine (Araucaria bidwillii) near the house.

The garden is secluded (Meares, 2013). The grounds include a heated in-ground swimming pool and a tennis court, netted, with a separate guest pavilion overlooking it at one end (Read, Stuart, pers.comm, 10/10/2013, from www.meares.com.au/property/kurkulla/gallery/kurkulla.htm) and with a greenhouse (SMH, 5-6/7/2014). A sheltered, north-facing entertaining area is between the house and a guest studio and deck (ibid, 2015).

Homestead:
Single storey painted brick residence constructed of hand made (painted) bricks, iron roof, verandah to two (the eastern and northern) sides, three paned french doors (Heritage Council Branch Managers Report 286/86). Built c.1880s (Meares, 2013).

Polished timber floors, rooms of excellent proportion, 12' pressed-metal Wunderlich ceilings (ibid, 2015).

Has a gable fronted projecting bay on north elevation with an unusual bay window in a segmented circle form. Timber framed verandah has stop chamfered columns with neck mouldings. Verandah floor is tiled. The east elevation also features a projecting porch (timber framed) supported on masonry piers with a pressed metal ceiling (well overgrown with wisteria (W.sinensis)). Later verandah enclosures include use of pressed metal for walls and ceilings. The house is well set back from the road on a site with many mature trees (Monterey pines, Pinus radiata etc)(LEP, added plant names by Read, S., 4/2006).

Studio:
A newly built self-contained studio is adjacent to the homestead (Meares, 2013).
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good. The property was restored by architectural practice of Howard Tanner and Associates, with a newly-bulit self-contained studio adjacent to the homestead, an in-ground heated swimming pool and tennis court (now Tanner Kibble Denton)(Meares & associates, 2013).
Date condition updated:10 Oct 13
Modifications and dates: Various including extensions to and enclosure of verandahs, installation of new windows, masonry-columned entry porch, etc. (LEP).

The property was restored by architectural practice of Howard Tanner and Associates, with a newly-bulit self0contained studio adjacent to the homestead, an in-ground heated swimming pool and tennis court (now Tanner Kibble Denton)(Meares & associates, 2013).
Further information: For sale 10/2013 auction
Current use: Residence
Former use: Aboriginal land, farm, Boarding school, residence

History

Historical notes: Kurkulla was constructed in the 1880s. The house was originally built as a boarding school for boys but in 1909 it was purchased by Miss Ada Evans and her brother. Both were keen gardeners and transformed it into a self-supporting farm. Ada Evans was born in England on 17 May 1872 and consequently the gardens in the immediate vicinity of the dwelling house have a beautiful and distinctly European flavour.

By 1902 Ada Evans had become Australia's first woman to graduate from the law school at Sydney University, but after applying to the Full Court was refused admission to the Bar, as the law at that time disqualified woman from holding a position. After a determined legal battle, culminating in the Women's Legal Status Act of 1918 which was passed by the Holman Government, she became the first woman in New South Wales to qualify for admission to the Bar but then had to be a student of law for two years. Finally on the 12 May 1921 she became the first woman to be admitted to the Bar in New South Wales, opening up the legal profession here to females for the first time.

The Australian Law Journal of 20 May 1948 described Miss Evans struggle to gain admittance to the Bar as 'heroic pioneering for women in the profession'.

Miss Evans lived in Kurkulla from 1909 until her death in 1947 and undoubtably considered it her home. Evans Lane in which the property stands is named in her honour (Branch Managers Report 286/86).

The property was restored prior to 2006 for then owners Dr. Louella and radiologist Tony Grattan-Smith (Domain, 5-6/7/2014) by the architectural practice of Howard Tanner and Associates, with a newly-buiit self-contained studio adjacent to the homestead, an in-ground heated swimming pool and tennis court (now Tanner Kibble Denton)(Meares & associates, 2013).

The Grattan Smiths sold it in 2006 to investment banker Peter Kennedy (for $4.375m). Kennedy sold it to neurologist Roger Tuck and his wife Leigh in 2011 for $4.25m, following the sale of their Gunning cattle farm Baroon in 2010. The Tucks have put Kurkulla onto the real estate market in 2013 and 2014 (SMH Domain, 5-6/7/2014).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Cultural: Plains and plateaux supporting human activities-
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Changing the environment-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Private farming-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Clearing land for farming-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
7. Governing-Governing Law and order-Activities associated with maintaining, promoting and implementing criminal and civil law and legal processes (none)-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1900-1950-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1950-2000-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1850-1900-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Living on the urban fringe-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ornamental Garden-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Living in a rural homestead-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Gardening-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Ada Evans, first woman to qualify in law and admitted to the Bar-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act Record converted from HIS events


Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
(1) The maintenance of any building or item on the site where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing material; and
(2) all horticultural management including the repair and maintenance of existing fences, gates and garden walls.
Oct 9 1987
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0050302 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0050309 Oct 87 1595765
Local Environmental Plan 198912 Jan 90 00700288

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenMeares & Associates2013Auction Notice: ' Kurkulla' Bowral, Southern Highlands, New South Wales View detail
WrittenTanner & Associates1998Kurkulla Evans Lane, Bowral : heritage impact statement

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045130
File number: S91/02179 & KHC 86/0838


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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