Cranbrook Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Cranbrook Group

Item details

Name of item: Cranbrook Group
Other name/s: Fowlers House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Villa
Location: Lat: -33.8879040612 Long: 151.1748179720
Primary address: 10, 14 Australia Street, Camperdown, NSW 2050
Local govt. area: Marrickville
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT4 DP175973
LOT4 DP175973
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
10, 14 Australia StreetCamperdownMarrickville  Primary Address
14 Australia StreetCamperdownMarrickvillePetershamCumberlandAlternate Address
10 Australia StreetCamperdownMarrickvillePetershamCumberlandAlternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private 

Statement of significance:

The Cranbrook Group is of State historic significance as part of the last portion of the once-extensive Fowler estate, which at one time covered most of Camperdown. It is associated with Enoch Fowler and was the home of Robert Fowler owner of Fowler Pottery and Lord Mayor of Sydney and Camperdown. The Fowler family were early pioneers of the pottery industry in NSW producing pipes, tiles, chimney pots and items for residential and industrial use. The group is of aesthetic significance as they retain most of their original Italianate features.
Date significance updated: 30 May 11
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Not known
Builder/Maker: Not known
Construction years: 1879-1881
Physical description: No. 10 - A terrace style two bedroom house featuring round-headed door and window with arched mouldings on the lower floor and another panelled door and cats iron fence with French doors on the upper floor. Roof is iron tiled. Much of the detail of the terrace matches the grander house Cranbrook at No. 14.

No. 14 (Cranbrook) - A large two-storey Italianate villa of five bedrooms with boxroom and rear courtyards. Retains cast iron fence and verandahs, dentillated trim to the verandah, large stuccoed chimneys and exterior steps with marble had-rails and sandstone balusters. Interior features marble fireplaces and etched and coloured glass, elaborately carved staircase.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Aboriginal land, farm, residence

History

Historical notes: Enoch Fowler (1807-79) and his wife Jane appear to have arrived in Sydney from Tyrone, Ireland, in 1836 and in 1837 established a small pottery on Parramatta Street, now Broadway.

In 1840 Robert Fowler is born eldest son of Enoch and Jane. Robert is educated at near-by Christ Church School.

In 1848 the pottery is moved to Glebe first located in Queen Street and then to Bay Street. By the late 1850s it had moved to a five acre (2 ha.) site at Camperdown.

In 1860 Enoch Fowler following encouragement by Arthur Holroyd purchases a machine for making four-inch drainpipes that was exhibited at the Parramatta Agricultural Society’s show. The manufacture of drainpipes gradually became the mainstay of the works.

In 1865 the firm still located at Camperdown has 25 employees turning out half a mile (.8km) of pipes each week. The business is expanding rapidly to meet increasing demand. As well as salt-glazed drainpipes and plain bricks the works also produce fire bricks, chequered and border tiles, chimney pots and all types of pottery. Robert who had assisted he father, inherits the firm on his fathers death in 1879.

In 1881 Robert Fowler who was living behind the brickpits in Ross Street, Camperdown, builds a grand house, Cranbrook at 14 Australia Street Camperdown. The two-storey villa included a bathroom (added in the 1890's), gardens, ferneries and an orchard (site now the Camperdown Oval/park).

Robert’s brother John builds the house next door at No. 10. The house may have also served as a servants' or managers' house (occupied by manager Robert Tratham) connected by a common carriageway and courtyard to the main house at No. 14.

Robert Fowlers interests include history, political economy and natural philosophy. He was elected alderman for Cook municipality in 1869 and mayor in 1870; he helped to merge it with Camperdown and became mayor of the new borough in 1870-71. In 1872-84 he was an alderman for Denison ward of the Sydney City Council and was mayor in 1880. In the 1890s he represented Phillip ward. In 1872 he was appointed a justice of the peace and in February 1886 to the royal commission on intoxicating drink. In July 1894 as a free trade and selected local option league candidate he won Sydney-Phillip in the Legislative Assembly. Defeated next year, he was appointed to the Legislative Council. Though inactive as a politician he held enlightened views on many matters including female suffrage.

Fowler was chairman of his district Public School Board and fond of sport, supporting regattas and public school cadet matches. He was a commissioner for New South Wales at the Melbourne Exhibition of 1881 and the Amsterdam Exhibition. Industrious, modest and popular, he was an unostentatious philanthropist and a Freemason as well as a director of Sydney Hospital and the Benevolent Asylum and a governor of the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital for twenty-four years. He also subscribed to the Irish Relief fund.

On 12 June 1906 Robert Fowler dies of cerebral thrombosis after a long illness at his residence Cranbrook and is buried in Waverley Cemetery. His estate was sworn for probate at almost 42,000 pound. About the time of his death an expansion of the pottery was being planned and soon afterwards another plant was opened at Bankstown and an existing pottery at Longueville taken. By 1912 business had outgrown the facilities of the Camperdown works and they were transferred to a seventeen acre (6.8ha) site at Marrickville. Robert Fowler’s Potteries became a public company in 1922.

After Roberts death his widow Susannah continues to live at Cranbrook.

In 1919 Cranbrook is sold to Charles Daintree. The potteries are moved to Marrickville and the site sold to Garrets Ltd as a garage and motor works. The garden of Cranbrook was purchased by the Department of Education and added to the school.

In 1924 a 20 foot strip of land is resumed from the house on which the ballroom and the orchard stood for the Electricity Meter Manufacturing Co Ltd.

In 1981 the two houses No. 10 and 14 are owned by the Brown family and are let to Ken Robson who sublets rooms. At this Time Marrickville Council applies to the Heritage Council for a s.130 order to prevent harm or demolition to the buildings. This is placed on 12 March 1982 and again on 10 August 1984.

Garry Nicholls is owner in 1982. In 1985 Mr Nicholls nominates the Cranbrook Group for a Permanganate Conservation Order with the intention of restore the properties. A Permanent Conservation Order was made over the property on 19 July 1985.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Changing the environment-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Technologies for sanitation-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Building settlements, towns and cities-National Theme 4
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Adapted heritage building or structure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. A Picturesque Residential Suburb-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Terrace housing development-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Subdivision of urban estates-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups (none)-

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 
Recommended ManagementCarry out interpretation, promotion and/or education 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0041802 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0041819 Jul 85 105 
Local Environmental Plan 0005001 Sep 89 926445
Register of the National Estate  15 May 90 170020
Register of the National Estate  14 May 91   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Electronic  Australian Dictionary of Biography Online Edition - Robert Fowler View detail

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045210
File number: S90/05368 & HC 32865, 9952


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