Simmons Hardware Store | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Simmons Hardware Store

Item details

Name of item: Simmons Hardware Store
Other name/s: Peter O'Hara's General Store, Simmons Store
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Retail and Wholesale
Category: Shop
Location: Lat: -33.6077257476 Long: 150.8195928520
Primary address: 226 George Street, Windsor, NSW 2756
Parish: St Matthew
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Hawkesbury
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Deerubbin
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT12 DP1159754
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
226 George StreetWindsorHawkesburySt MatthewCumberlandPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Arabian Horse Society of Australia LtdPrivate26 Mar 99

Description

Physical description: Early Victorian two storey commercial streetscape building constructed of sandstock brick in the mid-19th century. Gable end walls leading to prominent chimneys, symmetrical at front with a single storey street verandah/awning supported by cantilevered steel pipe brackets off the wall and with timber posts (probably non-load-bearing). Below this verandah the walls have been cement-rendered, with ashlar markings, providing a marked change in appearance, together with two timber framed shopfront picture windows and central doorway. The remainder of the street facade has three 12-pane windows along its second storey (Graham Edds & Associates, 2015, 2-3).

To the rear is an attached 'L' shaped skillion roof building linked to the ground floor rooms. The ground floor has a side entrance leading to the first floor staircase and office accommodation. The resultant external character of the original sandstock brick building has been changed by it being painted entirely (ibid, 2015, 3).

Rebuilt in 1874 after the great fire that ravaged Windsor during 1874.

Evidence of painted historic advertising signage is readily evident within the upper south-facing gable wall with the word 'Castrol' showing through the painted layers in a curved format (ibid, 2015, 3).

Although the detail of the building has undergone fabric manipulation and change over the 140 years it remains externally a surviving example of an early Victorian shop in an evolving streetscape (ibid, 2015, 3).
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Although the detail of the building has undergone fabric manipulation and change over the 140 years it remains externally a surviving example of an early Victorian shop in an evolving streetscape (Graham Edds & Associates, 2014, 1, 3).
Date condition updated:02 Apr 15
Modifications and dates: 1874 burnt and shortly after reconstructed - all but the brick walls had gone.
Current use: Residential and Commercial Precinct
Former use: Residential and Commercial Precinct

History

Historical notes: INDIGENOUS OCCUPATION
The lower Hawkesbury was home to the Dharug people. The proximity to the Nepean River and South Creek qualifies it as a key area for food resources for indigenous groups (Proudfoot, 1987).
The Dharug and Darkinjung people called the river Deerubbin and it was a vital source of food and transport (Nichols, 2010).

NON-INDIGENOUS OCCUPATION
Governor Arthur Phillip explored the local area in search of suitable agricultural land in 1789 and discovered and named the Hawkesbury River after Baron Hawkesbury. This region played a significant role in the early development of the colony with European settlers established here by 1794. Situated on fertile floodplains and well known for its abundant agriculture, Green Hills (as it was originally called) supported the colony through desperate times. However, frequent flooding meant that the farmers along the riverbanks were often ruined.

1794: The study area covering allotments at 23 through to 39 North Street, Windsor, is located on land first alienated for European purposes in a grant made by Francis Grose of thirty acres to Samuel Wilcox, who named it Wilcox Farm. It is likely that land clearance and agricultural activities as well as some building works took place during this period and during the subsequent of occupation;

In the early 19th century: Former Wilcox Farm was incorporated into a larger holding of 1500 acres known as Peninsula Farm.

Governor Lachlan Macquarie replaced Governor Bligh, taking up duty on 1/1/1810. Under his influence the colony propsered. His vision was for a free community, working in conjunction with the penal colony. He implemented an unrivalled public works program, completing 265 public buildings, establishing new public amenities and improving existing services such as roads. Under his leadership Hawkesbury district thrived. He visited the district on his first tour and recorded in his journal on 6/12/1810: 'After dinner I chrestened the new townships...I gave the name of Windsor to the town intended to be erected in the district of the Green Hills...the township in the Richmond district I have named Richmond...' the district reminded Macquarie of those towns in England, whilst Castlereagh, Pitt Town and Wilberforce were named after English statesmen. These are often referred to as Macquarie's Five Towns. Their localities, chiefly Windsor and Richmond, became more permanent with streets, town square and public buildings.

Macquarie also appointed local men in positions of authority. In 1810 a group of settlers sent a letter to him congratulating him on his leadership and improvements. It was published in the Sydney Gazette with his reply. He was 'much pleased with the sentiments' of the letter and assured them that the Haweksbury would 'always be an object of the greatest interest' to him (Nichols, 2010).

In marking out the towns of Windsor and Richmond in 1810, Governor Macquarie was acting on instructions from London. All of the Governors who held office between 1789 and 1822, from Phillip to Brisbane, recieved the same Letter of Instruction regarding the disposal of the 'waste lands of the Crown' that Britain claimed as her own. This included directives for the formation of towns and thus the extension of British civilisation to its Antipodean outpost (Proudfoot 1987, 7-9).

226 George Street, fmr. Simmons Store:
226 George Street was a commercial streetscape building constructed in the mid-19th century that weathered the great fire that ravaged Windsor during 1874. This engulfed the subject building (then known as Peter O'Hara's General Store) where the packing straw for O'Hara's goods of tin, earthenware and china was quickly fanned into flames, believed to have destroyed all but the brick walls. A new store, or rebuiding of the earlier store, was completed shortly after. The 1880s photograph of the O'Hara's General Store is testament to this. Although the detail of the building has undergone fabric manipulation and change over the 140 years it remains externally a surviving example of an early Victorian shop in an evolving streetscape (Graham Edds & Associates, 2015, 1-3).

Windsor Heritage Properties P/L recently purchased 226 George Street, from which to run their Windsor-based accounting business. The property was bought from the 'Arabian Horse Society of Australia' P/L in early 2015. During the Arabian Horse Society's ownership a new single storey storage outbuilding was built in the rear yard and was subject to an archaeological monitoring report by Siobhan Lavelle, c.1999-2000. Also the front facade had been changed from a suspended flat awning to a concave verandah with timber posts as recommended within the Windsor Streetscape Study 1986, prepared by Noel Bell Ridley Smith and Partners (ibid, 2015, 1).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Selling Furniture-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Developing Commercial Enterprise-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Changing land uses - from rural to tourist-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Demonstrating Governor Macquarie's town and landscape planning-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Townships-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Early Sydney Street-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Macquarie's town layout-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing towns in response to topography-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Indicators of early town planning and the disposition of people within the emerging settlement-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Commercial store, shop-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act general maintenance


Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
(1) The maintenance of any building or item on the site where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing material; and
(2) Garden maintenance including cultivation, pruning, weed control, the repair and maintenance of existing fences, gates and garden walls and also including tree surgery, but not extensive lopping;
Jul 31 1987
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act See File For Schedule


Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
(1) The maintenance of any building or item on the site where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing material.
(2) Garden maintenance including cultivation, pruning, weed control, the repair and maintenance of existing fences, gates and garden walls, tree surgery but not extensive lopping.
(3) Development not exceeding two storeys in height and not within 17 metres of the George Street boundary of the land.
Apr 28 1989
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0066702 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0066728 Apr 89 0522573

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Tourism 2007Thompson Square Conservation Area View detail
TourismAttraction Homepage2007Thompson Square Conservation Area View detail
WrittenGraham Edds & Associates2015Statement of Heritage Impact for Repairs & Maintenance incl. External Painting & Window Signage - 226 George Street, Windsor 2756
WrittenNichols, Michelle (Local Studies Librarian)2010Macquarie and the Hawkesbury District

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045214
File number: EF14/4724; S90/1393; HC87 1906


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