Alfred's Terrace | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Alfred's Terrace

Item details

Name of item: Alfred's Terrace
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Location: Lat: -33.8590012592 Long: 151.2033505440
Primary address: 37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47 Kent Street, Millers Point, NSW 2000
Parish: St Philip
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Sydney
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT100 DP1143690
LOT32 DP1155119
LOT33 DP1155119
LOT34 DP1155119
LOT35 DP1155119
LOT36 DP1155119
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47 Kent StreetMillers PointSydneySt PhilipCumberlandPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private 
 Private 
 Private 
 Private 
 Private 
Department of HousingState Government26 Mar 15

Statement of significance:

This is a group of six 2 storey Georgian style, mid Victorian face sandstone terraces, in mostly intact condition.

It is part of the Millers Point Conservation Area, an intact residential and maritime precinct. It contains residential buildings and civic spaces dating from the 1830's and is an important example of C19th adaptation of the landscape.

Alfred's Terrace (37-47 Kent Street) has significance at the state level for its historic, aesthetic and representative values and at the local level for its associative and social values and for its research potential. The terraces and components are of individual significance and also contribute to the significance of the group as a collective row.

The subject site has historic, aesthetic and representative significance as a fine and relatively intact example of a row of mid Victorian Georgian style terraces with a sandstone faade constructed c1865. The place is a significant streetscape element, its scale and design demonstrates the early development of Kent Street as a residential neighbourhood in the mid to late nineteenth century that occurred alongside the growth of the maritime industry at Millers Point. The design of the terrace is typical within Millers Point as it responds to the stepping sandstone topography of the peninsula with its principal frontage to Kent Street and sub level basement stepping down to High Lane at the rear.

It is part of the state heritage significant Millers Point Conservation Area, which is a rare and intact residential and maritime precinct. It contains residential buildings and civic spaces dating from the 1830's and is an important example of c19th century adaptation of the landscape for maritime activities.

Alfred's Terrace has associative significance for its association with prominent Sydney residents George Wigram Allen (prominent solicitor, politician, and philanthropist) and W P Manning (four times Mayor of Sydney and member of the Legislative Assembly).

Millers Point and the subject site has social significance as a former working class maritime neighbourhood from around 1900 to the immediate post war years (1950s) and for the provision of social housing by the DoH from the 1980s.The later 1980s period reflects the ongoing provision of low cost accommodation but was increasingly introducing new residents with no local or familial connections to the area which had already been declining from the 1950s.

There is medium to high potential for the terraces to contain under floor and rear yard archaeological deposits. Archaeological deposits in the rear yards are likely to be largely intact
Date significance updated: 06 Dec 00
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Georgian Style mid Victorian face sandstone terrace in good condition. Also, the terraces feature slate roofs, basements, a projecting parapet cornice and 12 pane windows. This residence has three bedrooms. Storeys: 2 Construction: Face stone walls painted, rendered masonry parapet string course. Slate roof, painted brick chimney. Painted timber roof. Style: Victorian Georgian

Constructed c1865, the subject site contains six two storey (three level including basement/lower ground level) Georgian Style mid-Victorian terraces with baldface sandstone facades, consisting of a fine sparrow pecked and margined stone finish and slate roof concealed behind the painted parapet.

The principal faades of the six terraces are identical and are unpainted sandstone, each with a projecting mould and parapet cornice. A sandstone projection mould is located above each of the rectangular fanlights above the four panelled timber door of each terrace. Each terrace comprises two windows to the first floor and the front door and one window to the ground floor in a repetitive configuration. All windows are double hung with six panes per sash and have projecting sills supported by brackets. Rainwater heads and downpipes are also located at even spacing every second terrace servicing the shared box gutter behind the parapet.

The rear elevation of each terrace on the subject site is constructed of painted sandstone to the lower ground level and painted brickwork to the ground and first floor. The rear elevation consists of a single window to the lower ground floor, ground and first floor. All the windows on each terrace are painted timber, double hung and include projecting sandstone sills. Most windows are reproduction 1980s. Each terrace includes a late 1980s / early 1990s weatherboard wing to the lower ground floor with a barrel vaulted roof in corrugated iron. Each wing features double hung windows to the access pathway and one to the rear. The party walls to the north and south are shared with adjoining terraces. Number 47, the southernmost terrace in the group, shares a south party wall with number 49, which is part of a separate terrace group 49 - 51 Kent Street. The Captain Cook Hotel is constructed butting up to 37 Kent Street at the north. The rear of each property has a small yard and fence to the rear lane (High Street) with pedestrian access. The site area of each is similar and approximately 100 square meters.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
External: Good
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: Millers Point is one of the earliest areas of European settlement in Australia, and a focus for maritime activities. This site was vacant in 1862 and these six terraces were constructed before 1865. They remain largely intact. First tenanted by Department of Housing in 1986.

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The subject site has historical significance at a local and state level as representative row of Georgian style, mid Victorian terraces constructed c1865, commissioned by prominent solicitor George Wigram Allen. The erection of the terrace row reflects the significant development of the area to house the local maritime workforce.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The subject site has associative significance at a local level for its association with George Wigram Allen, a prominent solicitor, politician, and philanthropist who commissioned the construction of the terraces. The terrace is also of significance for its association with subsequent owner, W P Manning Chairman of the Australian Bank of Commerce and four times Mayor of Sydney and a member of the Legislative Assembly.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The subject terrace row has aesthetic significance at the local and state level as a fine example of a Georgian style mid Victorian terrace row which is characteristic of the local area. The group retains its principal façades and overall form albeit with some sympathetic replacement of joinery which is not detrimental to significance. The design of the terrace row is typical within Millers Point as it responds to the stepping sandstone topography of the peninsula with its principal frontage to Kent Street and sub level basement stepping down to High Lane at the rear. The terraces and components are of individual significance and also contribute to the significance of the group as a collective row.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Millers Point residential precinct is one of the oldest residential precincts in the country and has a long and varied history of European settlement and occupants. Millers Point's earliest European occupants from c1834 were a mixture of its waterside workforce and merchants, politicians, businessmen and professionals. Post the resumptions of the Darling Harbour Wharves Resumption Act in 1900 many of the properties in Millers Point were at some stage utilized as boarding houses, however documentary and physical evidence suggests the subject terraces remained single occupancy dwellings as per their original use.

Progressively from 1983 to 1986 management was transferred to the NSW Department of Housing and the occupation of previous tenants with their link to maritime uses decreased.

Millers Point and the subject site has social significance as a former working class maritime neighbourhood from around 1900 to the immediate post war years (1950s). The use of Millers Point for the provision of social housing by the DoH from the 1980s reflected the ongoing provision of low cost accommodation but increasingly introduced new residents with no local or familial connections to the area. New occupancy in Millers Point was thus increasing the disconnection from the local areas long term tenants and maritime workers housing and association with the Walsh Bay wharfs which had already been declining from the 1950s.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The group has research potential at a local level. Based on the results of previous archaeological investigations in the area over the past 20 years and the development of the subject site, there is medium to high potential for the terraces to contain under floor and rear yard archaeological deposits. Under floor deposits may be disturbed by previous works such as re-flooring and new rear wings. The archaeological deposits in the rear yards are likely to be largely intact.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The subject site is a representative row of Georgian style, mid Victorian terraces constructed c1865, which is represented throughout the Millers Point and The Rocks and the City of Sydney LGA more broadly (eg. Darlinghurst).
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The terrace group has representative significance at a local and state level as a characteristic mid to late Victorian Georgian style terrace row of high integrity. The terraces and components are of individual significance and also contribute to the representative significance of the group as a collective row.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementCMP for 41 Kent Street, Millers Point, submitted for endorsement by Land & Housing Corporation.
Contact: Shikha Jhaldiyal
Phone: 02 9873 8545
Fax: 02 9873 8599
Email: Shikha.Jhaldiyal@environment.nsw.gov.au
Our ref: DOC14/256094
File number: TRIM SF14/37003

Mr Nigel Sharpe
Development Director
NSW Land and Housing Corporation
Level 1, 222 - 239 Liverpool Road
ASHFIELD NSW 2131

email: nigel.sharpe@facs.nsw.gov.au



Dear Mr Sharpe

Re: ‘ALFRED’S TERRACE’, 41 KENT STREET, MILLERS POINT (SHR NO 00837)
ENDORSEMENT OF CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT PLAN

Thank you for the submission of the revised Conservation Management Plan (CMP) for No 41 Kent Street, Millers Point, as part of Alfred’s Terrace, 37 – 47 Kent Street, Millers Point, Issue No. 06, dated 18 November 2014, prepared by Urbis Pty Ltd. The CMP was received by the Heritage Division, Office of Environment and Heritage, on 18 November 2014.

It is noted that the amendments requested by the Heritage Division have been incorporated satisfactorily into the final version of the CMP. As delegate of the Heritage Council of NSW, I inform you that the assessment for the subject CMP has been completed and the CMP is now endorsed under Section 38A of the Heritage Act 1977.

We note that an electronic final version was submitted on 18 November 2014. You will be required to submit two hard copies of the final version. One will be returned with the endorsement stamp. The second copy will be retained for the Heritage Division library.

If you have any questions regarding the above matter please contact Ms Shikha Jhaldiyal, Acting Senior Heritage Officer at the Heritage Division, Office of Environment & Heritage, on (02) 9873 8545.

Yours sincerely

20/11/2014
Dr Tracey Avery
Director
Heritage Division
Office of Environment & Heritage
As Delegate of the Heritage Council of NSW
Nov 20 2014
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementCMP for 43 Kent Street, Millers Point, submitted for endosement by Land and Housing Corporation
Contact: Shikha Jhaldiyal
Phone: 02 9873 8545
Fax: 02 9873 8599
Email: Shikha.Jhaldiyal@environment.nsw.gov.au
Our ref: DOC14/256094
File number: TRIM SF14/37003

Mr Nigel Sharpe
Development Director
NSW Land and Housing Corporation
Level 1, 222 - 239 Liverpool Road
ASHFIELD NSW 2131

email: nigel.sharpe@facs.nsw.gov.au



Dear Mr Sharpe

Re: ‘ALFRED’S TERRACE’, 43 KENT STREET, MILLERS POINT (SHR NO 00837)
ENDORSEMENT OF CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT PLAN

Thank you for the submission of the revised Conservation Management Plan (CMP) for No 43 Kent Street, Millers Point, as part of Alfred’s Terrace, 37 – 47 Kent Street, Millers Point, Issue No. 06, dated 18 November 2014, prepared by Urbis Pty Ltd. The CMP was received by the Heritage Division, Office of Environment and Heritage, on 18 November 2014.

It is noted that the amendments requested by the Heritage Division have been incorporated satisfactorily into the final version of the CMP. As delegate of the Heritage Council of NSW, I inform you that the assessment for the subject CMP has been completed and the CMP is now endorsed under Section 38A of the Heritage Act 1977.

We note that an electronic final version was submitted on 18 November 2014. You will be required to submit two hard copies of the final version. One will be returned with the endorsement stamp. The second copy will be retained for the Heritage Division library.

If you have any questions regarding the above matter please contact Ms Shikha Jhaldiyal, Acting Senior Heritage Officer at the Heritage Division, Office of Environment & Heritage, on (02) 9873 8545.

Yours sincerely

20/11/2014
Dr Tracey Avery
Director
Heritage Division
Office of Environment & Heritage
As Delegate of the Heritage Council of NSW
Nov 20 2014
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementCMP for 47 Kent Street, Millers Point, submitted for endorsement by the Land and Housing Corporation
Contact: Shikha Jhaldiyal
Phone: 02 9873 8545
Fax: 02 9873 8599
Email: Shikha.Jhaldiyal@environment.nsw.gov.au
Our ref: DOC14/256094
File number: TRIM SF14/37003

Mr Nigel Sharpe
Development Director
NSW Land and Housing Corporation
Level 1, 222 - 239 Liverpool Road
ASHFIELD NSW 2131

email: nigel.sharpe@facs.nsw.gov.au



Dear Mr Sharpe

Re: ‘ALFRED’S TERRACE’, 47 KENT STREET, MILLERS POINT (SHR NO 00837)
ENDORSEMENT OF CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT PLAN

Thank you for the submission of the revised Conservation Management Plan (CMP) for No 47 Kent Street, Millers Point, as part of Alfred’s Terrace, 37 – 47 Kent Street, Millers Point, Issue No. 06, dated 18 November 2014, prepared by Urbis Pty Ltd. The CMP was received by the Heritage Division, Office of Environment and Heritage, on 18 November 2014.

It is noted that the amendments requested by the Heritage Division have been incorporated satisfactorily into the final version of the CMP. As delegate of the Heritage Council of NSW, I inform you that the assessment for the subject CMP has been completed and the CMP is now endorsed under Section 38A of the Heritage Act 1977.

We note that an electronic final version was submitted on 18 November 2014. You will be required to submit two hard copies of the final version. One will be returned with the endorsement stamp. The second copy will be retained for the Heritage Division library.

If you have any questions regarding the above matter please contact Ms Shikha Jhaldiyal, Acting Senior Heritage Officer at the Heritage Division, Office of Environment & Heritage, on (02) 9873 8545.

Yours sincerely

20/11/2014
Dr Tracey Avery
Director
Heritage Division
Office of Environment & Heritage
As Delegate of the Heritage Council of NSW
Nov 20 2014
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementCMP for endorsement. 39 Kent Street. Mar 17 2015
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsement45 Kent Street, Millers Point Jul 28 2015

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0083702 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     
Local Environmental PlanCSH LEP 4 07 Apr 00   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Department of Housing s170 Register1998 Brooks & Associates  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenUrbis2014Conservation Management Plan, 47 Kent Street, Millers Point. As part of Alfred’s Terrace, 37-47 Kent Street, Millers Point November 2014.
WrittenURBIS201539 Kent Street, Millers Point - Conservation Management Plan
WrittenURBIS201545 Kent Street, Millers Point - Conservation Management Plan
WrittenURBIS201441 Kent Street as part of 37-47 Kent Street - Conservation Management Plan
WrittenURBIS 43 Kent Street as part of 37-47 Kent Street, Millers Point - Conservation Management Plan

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045283


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