Hunter Baillie Memorial Presbyterian Church | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Hunter Baillie Memorial Presbyterian Church

Item details

Name of item: Hunter Baillie Memorial Presbyterian Church
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Religion
Category: Church
Location: Lat: -33.8832340519 Long: 151.1693594010
Primary address: Johnston Street, Annandale, NSW 2038
Parish: Petersham
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Leichhardt
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1327DP638
LOT1427DP638
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Johnston StreetAnnandaleLeichhardtPetershamCumberlandPrimary Address
Collins StreetAnnandaleLeichhardtPetershamCumberlandAlternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Annandale Leichhardt Presbyterian ChurchReligious Organisation 
Presbyterian Church (NSW) Property TrustReligious Organisation 

Statement of significance:

Hunter Baillie Memorial Church is one of the last and certainly one of the finest examples of 'archaeological' Gothic in New South Wales. It shows none of the influence of later Victorian modifications of Gothic evident in the Church Hall (1886). The interior is unremarkable and the variety in the styles of the arches is confusing. The tower and spire are probably the best in Sydney and have dominated the 'planned' suburb of Annandale for many years. It is associated with the architects Cyril and Arthur Blacket and is is one of the last major churches in the State built entirely by private philanthropy. (National Trust and Heritage Office files)
Date significance updated: 21 Feb 07
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Cyril and Arthur Blacket
Builder/Maker: Bowden & Curtis, Simpson Brothers, R.Kirkham, A.M Allen
Construction years: 1886-1889
Physical description: The Hunter Baillie Memorial Presbyterian Church is a Victorian Gothic Revival style Church constructed of white Pyrmont sandstone, the base in rusticated but remaining masonry is dressed.

The church consists of a nave of six bays with two transepts. In place of a chancel is a separate vestry. At the eastern end of the nave (ie ecclesiastical west), there is a square tower with a newell stairway and spire the apex of which rises 55 metres from the ground. There is a parapet walkway at the base of the spire. At each corner of the tower there is a finial connected with the spire by two flying buttresses.

An open king post roof, possibly of cedar spans the nave. Pillars which support the nave have columns of Aberdeen granite with capitals and feet of Victorian bluestone. The roofs of the South transept and the nave are covered in Westmorland slate. The roof of the north transept is covered in a European green and Bangor slate. Vestry and porch roofs are covered in Westmorland slate.

Except for the tower porch, the floor is of wood. The area unoccupied by communion and pew platforms is paved in encaustic tile of geometric design.

The threshold of the gates to the tower porch is of Victorian bluestone. The rest of the tower porch floor is paved in black and white diagonal marble bordered in red encaustic tile. The ceiling of the tower porch is vaulted in stone. The principal doorway to the porch is embellished at the arch with tracery in stone and with ornamental wrought iron. There are two ornamental wrought iron grill gates within the principal doorway.

Doors throughout the church are of cedar. Lancet windows of the tower's newell stairyway and upper storeys together with the spire's dormer windows are of leaded tinted glass. The windows of the bell chamber are fitted with wooden louvres. Aisle, clerestorey, transept, vestry and western porch windows are of leaded geometric coloured glass.

The designs of the pointed arches of the nave and apsidal arches of the transepts are possibly contrived freehand rather than by geometry.

Gas brackets in brass encircle the capitals of columns in the nave and have bands decorated with Scotch thistles and Greek crosses.

The Collins and Johnston Street perimeteres are fenced also in Pyrmont sandstone with a rusticated base and dressed piers with gabled caps, the piers being connected by wrought-iron balastrades.

The main porch contains the following tablets:

West wall - top 'This tablet was erected by the congregation in loving remembrance of Isabella Dunmore Lang and Widow of the founder of the Church, born at Sydney, 8th November, 1843, Died at Casula NSW 24th January, 1925, the expression of her love for Christ was in loving service to others. 'His servants shall serve and they shall see His Face'. Revelations XXII, 3-4

West wall - below 'This Church was erected by his widow to the memory of John Hunter Baillie, generous friend of the Presbyterian Church in this colony and a liberal contributor to many benevolent and charitable institutions - born at Hamilton, Scotland, on 29th July, 1818, died at Sydney, 25th March, 1854. The memory of the just is blessed'. Proverbs X, 7.

West wall - left 'To the memory of Helen Hay, widow of John Hunter Baillie, daughter of the late William Mackie of Greenock, Scotland, 9th October 1815. Died at Sydney, 18th May, 1897, in the 83rd year of her age. Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. They rest from their labours and their works do follow them' Relevations IV, 13"

West wall - right 'This tablet was erected by the Congregation in affectionate remembrance of the Rev. Peter Falconer Mackenzie, founder of this Church, who entered upon rest on the 26th October, 1904, in 73rd year of his age, the 47th year of his Ministry, and the 19th year of his pastorate of this congregation. He feared God and knew no other fear'

The Memorials to the First World War, 1914-18, are on either side of the main porch and they were both unveiled by his Excellency, Lord Forster, P.C, Governor-General, 19th December, 1920.

The 1890 William Hill & Son Organ is one of only six Hill & Son organs in NSW to have survived in original condition and is particularly distinguished because of its unique case.

Hunter Baillie Memorial Presbyterian Chuch, School Hall

Simplified Gothic polychrome moulded brick with dressed sandstone mullions in the windows and open timbered roof. Original proportions were 50 feet long, 22 feet wide and 28 feet high. Belfry and bell at the centre of the roof (since removed). Additions at the western end (1911, and in modern times). Suggestion of the influence of John Horbury Hunt in the design. (Heritage Office files)
Current use: Religious worship
Former use: Aboriginal land, colonial farm estate, religious worship

History

Historical notes: The Church opened 1889 and Hall (1886) were built by Mrs Helen Hunter Baillie in memory of her husband John Hunter Baillie who until shortly before his death in 1854 had been the Secretary of the Bank of New South Wales and a close friend of Mrs Baillie's brother-in-law, the Rev. Dr John Dunmore Lang.

Designed by Architects, Cyril and Arthur and Blacket and build between 1886-1889, the Hunter Baillie Memorial Presbyterian Church is a Victorian Gothic Revival Style Church constructed of white Pyrmont sandstone with a slate roof. The builders were: Bowden and Curtis (1886 concrete foundation), Simpsons Brothers (1886 walls), R. Kirkham (1886 roof and floors) and A. M Allen (1887 tower and spire).

Situated adjacent to the church and constructed prior to the church between 1885 and 1886, the church school hall was also designed by the Blackets and paradoxically is styled in a later manner than the subsequent church building.

Mrs Hunter Baillie then gave the Church complete with its Hill and Sons' Pipe Organ, the hall and a manse to the Presbyterian Church of NSW on amongst other conditions, that her nephew (Rev Dr. Lang's son in law) the Rev Peter F Mackenzie had life tenancy of the pulpit. (Heritage Office files)

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Sydney and Australian Landmark-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Significant Places How are significant places marked in the landscape by, or for, different groups-Monuments and Sites
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Sub-division of large estates-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Subdivision of urban estates-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th Century Infrastructure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Creating landmark structures and places in suburban settings-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Religion-Activities associated with particular systems of faith and worship Practising Presbyterianism-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Edmund Blacket, Government Architect-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Hunter Baillie Memorial Presbyterian Church is one of the last major churches in the State built entirely by private philanthropy.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
It is associated with Cyril and Arthur Blacket.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The Church features a tallspire prominent on the Annandale and Sydney skyline. The organ constructed by Hill and Son of London is significant as one of the few remaining late 19th century organs of English manfacture in Australia which has survived in largely original condition.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Possibly one of the last completed examples of archaeological Gothic Reivial Churches in New South Wales.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 
Recommended ManagementCarry out interpretation, promotion and/or education 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0001102 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0001115 May 81 692657
Local Environmental Plan  15 Jun 84   
Register of the National Estate  21 Mar 78   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written  Heritage Office Files
TourismAttraction Homepage2007Hunter Baillie Memorial Presbyterian Church View detail
TourismChurch Homepage2013Hunter Baillie Memorial Presbyterian Church Website View detail

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045290
File number: S90/06134 & HC 32135


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