Sir Joseph Banks Hotel (former) | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Sir Joseph Banks Hotel (former)

Item details

Name of item: Sir Joseph Banks Hotel (former)
Other name/s: Sir Joseph Banks Hotel; Banks Inn
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Hotel
Location: Lat: -33.9551786579 Long: 151.2028619710
Primary address: 23 Anniversary Street, Botany, NSW 2019
Parish: Botany
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Botany Bay
Local Aboriginal Land Council: La Perouse
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1-19 SP62214
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
23 Anniversary StreetBotanyBotany BayBotanyCumberlandPrimary Address
Waratah RoadBotanyBotany BayBotanyCumberlandAlternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
former Sir Joseph Banks HotelPrivate 

Statement of significance:

Large former bay side hotel of considerable historical and architectural worth, which remains virtually intact from early Victorian times. Building begun by Thomas Kellet and J Drew in 1840 had by the 1850s developed gardens, private zoo and provision for outdoor sports. Became a popular weekend and holiday pleasure ground. Bought in 1884 by entrepreneur Frank Smith who set up famous running races from 1884-92, passed into hands of breweries who auctioned it to present owners in 1926. (AHC, NB: The Commission is in the process of developing and/or upgrading official statements for places listed prior to 1991. The above data was mainly provided by the nominator and has not yet been revised by the Commission.)
Date significance updated: 03 Nov 06
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1840-1874
Physical description: Large complex of stuccoed brick building. First part begun in 1840, two storey Georgian building. With fine central door and fanlight with flanking single storey wings, named the Banks Inn. About 1860, further single storey wing to east was added with curved faade and verandah, steeply pitched hipped roofs. Main two storey c1870 north wing added in Italianate style, heavily ornamented with slab. Parapets and two storey cast iron verandahs, interior, carved cedar (AHC)
Modifications and dates: 1840 Banks Inn built. By the 1850s it had developed gardens, a private zoo and provision for outdoor sports. It became a popular pleasure ground.

c1860, a further single storey wing to east was added with curved facade and verandah.

c1870 Main two storey north wing added in Italianate style.
Current use: residence, park (adjacent land)
Former use: Aboriginal land, pleasure ground and hotel, park

History

Historical notes: Large former bayside hotel of considerable historical and architectural worth, which remains virtually intact from early Victorian times. Building begun by Thomas Kellet and J Drew in 1840, it (then known as the Banks Inn) had by the 1850s developed pleasure gardens, a private zoo and provision for outdoor sports. It became a popular weekend and holiday pleasure ground.

About 1860, a further single storey wing to east was added with curved facade and verandah, steeply pitched hipped roofs. Main two storey c 1870 north wing added in Italianate style, heavily ornamented with slab. Parapets and two storey cast iron verandahs, interior, carved cedar.

In the late 1860s the proprietor set out to make the hotel the leading sports ground of the metropolis (HCoNSW, 1987, 3).

It was bought in 1884 by entrepreneur Frank Smith who set up famous running races from 1884-92, it passed into hands of breweries who auctioned it to present owners in 1926 (AHC, c1991).

Athletic and sporting events were expanded and the first St.Patrick's Day celebrations were held. The first 100 yard handicap was run as part of these celebrations in 1884 for a prize of 10 pounds. The event was so successful that Smith concluded that foot-racing for good prize money would be a paying venture and an added attraction for the hotel. Cinder running lanes, separated by narrow grassed strips, were laid down for a 150 yards straight dash on the eastern end of the flat which now forms part of Sir Joseph Banks Park. A grandstand and a large pavilion were erected at the eastern end of the park near Fremlin Street. The first Sir Joseph Banks Handicap, with 150 pounds prize money was held on 10 May 1884. Tom Malone, an Irish 'ped' of international repute, competed but failed to gain a place. The rules for this event became the accepted standards for professional athletics throughout the state. The races were popular, with high attendances and a considerable amount of money being wagered at the track. Four major handicaps and many minor events were held every year. The Tattersalls Club conducted sweeps on the major events and on some occasions horse racing clubs arranged their programs so as not to clash with the major events. The third handicap, run in March 1885, saw the prize money raised to 500 sovereigns and a 50 guinea gold cup. G. Black, an Aboriginal, won this race from the favourite, Jim Byrne. Byrne protested and Black was disqualified on the ground that his entry form was incorrect - he had claimed to be 35 and to have never won a prize, when in reality he was not more than 23 and had won several handicaps (ibid, 1987, 8).

From 1885-1890 professional sprint events boomed. The Banks track attracted runners from all over the world. Thousands would travel to Botany to witness world-class athletes like England's Harry Hutchins and Lou Meyers from the USA compete against local Aboriginal runners Charlie Samuels and Bob McDonald, as well as Jim McGarrigal, Ted Lazarus and many others. Over the years, the amount of wagering increased and many sharp practices developed and were exposed. This resulted in a rapid decline in the public popularity of professional sprinting. The last Sir Joseph Banks Grand Handicap was held on 14 June 1892. The following year Smith died and the Banks foot races ceased (ibid, 1987, 3).

As part of the 1988 Bicentennial celebrations,a reenactment of the Sir Joseph Banks Race Meeting was held on 13 March 1988 at the Sir Joseph Banks Hotel. The 'Bay Gift' as the race was renamed, was arranged by the NSW Athletics League as a professional 120m handicap. With the help of a $200,000 grant from the NSW Bicentennial Council, Botany Municipal Council recreated the hotel's once-famous (pleasure) gardens and running track. The 1988 race was open to members of the NSW Athletics League. It was hoped that it would become an annual foot race like the Stawell Gift in Victoria (ibid, 1987, 3).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Parks-
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Gardens-
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Other open space-
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Changing the environment-
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Cultural - Coasts and coastal features supporting human activities-
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Aboriginal cultures and interactions with other cultures-Activities associated with maintaining, developing, experiencing and remembering Aboriginal cultural identities and practices, past and present. Aboriginal Culture-
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Aboriginal cultures and interactions with other cultures-Activities associated with maintaining, developing, experiencing and remembering Aboriginal cultural identities and practices, past and present. All nations - reconciliation events-
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Aboriginal cultures and interactions with other cultures-Activities associated with maintaining, developing, experiencing and remembering Aboriginal cultural identities and practices, past and present. Aboriginal post-contact-May include sites of contact with Europeans, conflict, resistance, interaction and urban life.
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Innkeeping-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Tourist Industry-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes demonstrating styles in landscape design-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and parklands of distinctive styles-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Events-Activities and processes that mark the consequences of natural and cultural occurences Developing local landmarks-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Events-Activities and processes that mark the consequences of natural and cultural occurences Providing a venue for significant events-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal 1820s-1850s land grants-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Working in an Inn, Public House, Hotel etc.-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Victorian (mid)-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Designing landscapes in an exemplary style-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Victorian (late)-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Federation Arts and Crafts-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Landscaping - Federation period-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Adaptation of overseas design for local use-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Interior design styles and periods - Victorian-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Building in response to climate - verandahs-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Landscaping - 20th century interwar-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Landscaping - Victorian gardenesque style-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Building in response to natural landscape features.-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Artists, bohemians and intellectuals squat or gathering point-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Victorian (early)-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1850-1900-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Country estates - visiting, enjoying-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1900-1950-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1950-2000-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ornamental Garden-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Living in suburbia-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Living in, adapting and renovating homes for changing conditions-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Kitchens and servants-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Outdoor relief-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Gambling and betting-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Outdoor concerts and performances-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation community park-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Visiting gardens-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Developing collections of items-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Enjoying picnics-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Going to the park-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Enjoying Fairgrounds-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Gathering at landmark places to socialise-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Enjoying public parks and gardens-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Going to the pub-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Visiting lookouts and places of natural beauty-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Going to the racetrack-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Gardening-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Going to the beach-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Visiting heritage places-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Developing local clubs and meeting places-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Places of formal community gatherings-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Places of informal community gatherings-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Developing clubs for social improvement-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Sport-Activities associated with organised recreational and health promotional activities Competitive running-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Sport-Activities associated with organised recreational and health promotional activities Athletics-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Sport-Activities associated with organised recreational and health promotional activities gambling and betting on sport-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Sport-Activities associated with organised recreational and health promotional activities providing sports facilities for city workers and residents-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Sport-Activities associated with organised recreational and health promotional activities Private sporting facilities-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Sport-Activities associated with organised recreational and health promotional activities Providing public sporting facilities-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Sport-Activities associated with organised recreational and health promotional activities swimming-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Sport-Activities associated with organised recreational and health promotional activities Racing greyhound dogs-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with G. Black, Aboriginal runner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Harry Hutchins, English runner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Lou Meyers, US runner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Charlie Samuels, Aboriginal runner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Bob McDonald, Aboriginal runner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Jim McGarrigal, Aboriginal runner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Ted Lazarus, Aboriginal runner-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with the Tattersalls Club, social club-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with J. Drew, developer-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Thomas Kellet, developer-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Frank Smith, innkeeper, entrepreneur-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Tom Malone, Irish runner-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act See File For Schedule. Refer to standard exemptions gazetted 23 October 1998.

Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(a): The maintenance of any building or item on the site where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing material:
(b) The minor repair of the building where minor repair means the repair of materials by patching, piercing-in, splicing and consolidating existing materials and including minor replacements of minor components such as individual bricks, cutstone, timber sections, tiles and slates where these have been damaged beyond reasonable repair or are missing. The replacement should be of the same material, colour, texture, tform and design as the original it replaces and the number of components it replaced should be substantially less than existing.
(c) Garden maintenance including cultivation, weed control, the maintenance and minor repair of existing fences, pruning and tree surgery but not extensive lopping.
(d) The painting of the interior building.
(e) Alterations to the interior of those parts of the building erected after 1930.
Mar 3 1989
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementConservation Plan Aug 20 1998
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0007602 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0007629 Jan 82 140381
Local Environmental Plan 225 Feb 00 29 
National Trust of Australia register listed in 19867650   
Register of the National Estate 332521 Mar 78   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1972SYDNEY MORNING HERALD 29-7-1972.
WrittenGrant, Patrick (photographer)1998Sir Joseph Banks Hotel, Botany, NSW: archival photographic recording
WrittenHeritage Council of NSW1987'A race rerun'
WrittenNational Trust of Australia (NSW) CLASSIFICATION SHEET
WrittenP. MCQUAID1974 INNS OF AUSTRALIA
WrittenWendy Thorp and Robert Staas1998Sir Joseph Banks Hotel, 23 Anniversary Road, Botany, NSW: Research Design and Archaeological Management Plan
WrittenWendy Thorp and Robert Staas1998Sir Joseph Banks Hotel, Anniversary Road, Botany: Conservation Plan

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045313
File number: S92/00062


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