Pinnacle House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Pinnacle House

Item details

Name of item: Pinnacle House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Warehouse/storage area
Location: Lat: -33.8675310507 Long: 151.2053587980
Primary address: 2-6 Barrack Street, Sydney, NSW 2000
Parish: St Philip
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Sydney
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOTS1-32 CP/SP48653
LOT33-34 SP56502
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
2-6 Barrack StreetSydneySydneySt PhilipCumberlandPrimary Address
Clarence StreetSydneySydneySt PhilipCumberlandAlternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Pinnacle HousePrivate03 May 99

Statement of significance:

2 Barrack Street is a distinctive seven-storey building constructed in 1892 by the architectural firm Sheerin & Hennessey, a firm that made a considerable contribution to the character of Victorian and Edwardian Sydney. The building served as principle offices for notable companies including Gordon & Gotch and Mauri Bros & Thompson. The building occupies and enhances a corner site in a precinct dominated by buildings of this type which served Darling Harbour as a working port. Rendered stucco masonry walls are deeply grooved with a variety of decorative motifs including fluted brackets, bay windows, pediments and swags. The building is well composed with fine detailing and relates well the surrounding warehouse facades. The structural system, employs cast iron columns and wrought iron beams that are examples of intact, past technology.
Date significance updated: 12 Mar 07
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Sheerin & Hennessy
Builder/Maker: Allum Brothers
Construction years: 1888-1892
Physical description: Pinnacle House was constructed in 1892 to the design of Sheerin & Hennessy. It is an elaborately detailed 8-level warehouse in the Victorian Free Classical style, now used for commercial office space. The building has a rare internal structure of cast iron columns and wrought iron beams. In 1985, the building was substantially refurbished by Leightons, including the present roof structure, new lifts, fire stairs, suspended ceilings and internal services and finishes.
Modifications and dates: 1971, 1985
Former use: Aboriginal land, town lot, Warehouse

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney (sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani ).

Subject site:
The site was purchased in 1888 by Frederick David Michailis and his brother-in-law Cosmann Nettheim. In the same year they mortgaged the property to the AMP Society, evidently to raise the funds for the construction of the warehouse. The building was completed by 1892, when it was leased to Moritz Geldelf (related by marriage to the Michailis family).

Sheerin and Hennessy designed this warehouse. In addition to their numerous designs for the Roman Catholic Church, Sheerin & Hennessy provided designs for major commercial clients including Hordern Bros and Toohey Limited. The inner structure has iron columns and steel girders. Haltenstein's iron fire proof shutters were fixed across all staircases and lift openings. The ceilings were lined with pressed metal. The basement and ground floor originally had strong rooms. Entrances for cart docks faced Clarence Street and York Lane, with the principle entrance to the warehouse being from Barrack Street. Allum Brothers were the building contractors. (taken from Rod Howard & Assoc HIS, Oct 2004)

The Gordon & Gotch Sydney Limited company acquired the building's lease in 1917, and occupied it for forty years from 1918. Some internal modifications were undertaken; a new entrance in 1926, new show window in 1935, alterations to the cart dock in 1924 and 1950, and various changes to windows. Further alterations were made following purchase of the property by the AMP Society in 1958, with the basement converted to car parking. Extensive renovation and alterations were carried out in 1971.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Changing the environment-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Developing discrete retail and commercial areas-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Storing goods-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Developing real estate-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Building settlements, towns and cities-National Theme 4
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing suburbia-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Sheerin and Hennessy, architects-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act Record converted from HIS events
Refer to standard exemptions gazetted 23 October 1998.

Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
*change of use;
*strata subdivision
* maintenance of any item (building, works, relics or places) on the site, where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing fabric.
*Minor repairs where minor repair means the repair of materials and includes replacement of minor components such as individual bricks, where these have been damaged beyond reasonable repair or are missing. Replacements should be of the same materials, colour, texture, form and design as the original it replaces.
*alterations to the interior of a building which are of a minor nature and will not adversely affect the significance of the building as an item of the environmental heritage.
Apr 6 1990
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions ORDER UNDER SECTION 57(2) OF THE HERITAGE ACT 1977

Standard exemptions for engaging in or carrying out activities / works otherwise prohibited by section 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977.

I, Donald Harwin, the Special Minister of State pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales do by this Order, effective 1 December 2020:

1. revoke the order made on 11 July 2008 and published on pages 91177 to 9182 of Government Gazette Number 110 of 5 September 2008 and varied by notice published in the Government Gazette on 5 March 2015; and

2. grant the exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977 that are described in the attached Schedule.

Donald Harwin
Special Minister of State
Signed this 9th Day of November 2020.

To view the standard exemptions for engaging in or carrying out activities / works otherwise prohibited by section 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977 click on the link below.
Nov 13 2020

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0058202 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0058213 May 88 872728
Heritage Act - s.130 Order - Lapsed  23 Sep 90 1158527
Local Environmental PlanCSH Local Environmental Plan 4 07 Apr 00   
Register of the National Estate  21 Mar 78   

References, internet links & images

None

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage NSW
Database number: 5045318
File number: S90/03798 & HC 33166


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