Bedervale | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Bedervale

Item details

Name of item: Bedervale
Type of item: Landscape
Group/Collection: Farming and Grazing
Category: Farm
Location: Lat: -35.4692518282 Long: 149.8052358820
Primary address: Monkitee Street, Braidwood, NSW 2622
Local govt. area: Palerang
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Batemans Bay
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT3 DP543076
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Monkitee StreetBraidwoodPalerang  Primary Address
OFF Main RoadBraidwoodPalerangCoghillSt VincentAlternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private 
National Trust of Australia (NSW)Community Group 

Statement of significance:

Bedervale homestead, flanking wings and two storey barn, all set around a central courtyard constitutes one of the most outstanding groups of rural buildings dating from New South Wales' colonial phase of development. It was designed by John Verge in 1836 and finished about 1842 for Captain James Coghill, an early pastoralist and MLC. The house has been in the ownership of the Maddrell family and descendents for over 120 years. The house contains original furniture and furnishings making it a rare and important intact collection in their original setting. (Branch Managers Report 1979)

Bedervale is the grandest colonial homestead in this part of NSW with some of the smartest interiors of its time. Largely unaltered since Edwardian times it contains notable examples of period interior decoration and detail. With its substantial stable and graveyard and other outbuildings it is a considerable rural group. The cultural landscape including ornamental garden vestiges, orchard, entry drives, ground formations, mature shelterbelts and other vegetation and the cemetery, provides a setting and environmental heritage context for the highly significant building group. As such the landscape is a critical part of the site curtilage. Individual elements carry importance such as specimen plantings (eg. Araucaria bidwillii [Bunya Pine] being a very rare plant in this region and probably only one of three surviving trees in Tallaganda Shire). Many plantings are old dating well into last century. The orchard contains older varieties of fruit trees worth more detailed investigation. The extant ground formations have the capacity to demonstrate early layouts revealing how the site was approached and circulation patterns. The cemetery is representative of such for the larger early estates and is historically important. Association with prominent early colonial families as well as with John Verge (LEP 1991)
Date significance updated: 16 Oct 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: John Verge
Builder/Maker: John Coghill
Construction years: 1836-1842
Physical description: Bedervale is a large single storey, Georgian house, built of brick stuccoed and lined to simulate stone. Roman Doric columns support a pedimented entablature over an opening flanked by arched semi-circular recesses. The original shingled roof, which is still in place, was built in four continuous pitches. An extra roof of iron was added to improve drainage. The joinery is of polished cedar, the floors are timber and the timber verandah is columned. The verandah floor is flagged. Two flanking wings and a two storey stable block form an enclosed courtyard. The stables comprise horse stalls, saddle room, grain room and coach house with loft above. (National Trust 1971)
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Physical condition is good.
Date condition updated:22 Dec 97
Modifications and dates: 1830s - wings built to allow occupation of the site during the construction of the residence proper.
1836 - John Verge designs Bedervale.
1842 - Construction completed.
1888 - original timber shingles covered with iron and a second higher roof added over the central valley for drainage and chimneys extended to balance.
1905 - bay windows added on left of the house. Water and gas connected to house.
1975 - furniture and furnishings purchased by National Trust of Australia (NSW) under a National Estate Grant to ensure their retention in their original setting.
1980s - restoration works
Current use: Residence, Tours, Bed & Breakfast, Self-Contained Accommodation
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: Captain John Coghill built Bedervale for his family as a country cottage. He was born at Wick in Scotland in 1785. He became Captain of the transport 'Martha' in 1814, but his best known ship was the 'Mangles' of which he was part owner. In 1826 Coghill sold the 'Mangles' to Captain Carr. Coghill retired to manage 'Kirkham', the property he was in partnership with John Oxley at Camden.

Captain Coghill possessed a grant at Berrima which he had been given in 1822. In 1826 he selected 'Bedervale' a 5,600 acre tract of land in the County of Argyle on which he was running 300 head of cattle by 1828 and in 1833 a mob of sheep. He paid 1,400 pounds (about 55 cents per acre). The house was designed by John Verge in 1836 at which time the building was commenced and was completed before 1842 (design cost 16 pounds).

Coghill became a member of the Legislative Council representing Argyle between 1843 and 1845. With his wife and two daughters he returned to England where they stayed for several years. In 1845 Coghill resigned his seat in the Legislative Council to travel abroad. The family spent four years abroad, much of this time on the Continent, where Elizabeth, his second daughter, met Robert Maddrell and they were married in London in 1849. They first met at Heidelburg University, where Robert, who came from the Isle of Man, was studying medicine. They all returned to Australia in 1849, where during their absence, David Coghill (John Coghill's only son) had died at the early age of 31 in 1847.

Robert Arthur Coghill Maddrell sold Bedervale of Braidwood to the Royds family during Easter of 1973. The terms of the sale included the homestead and the surrounding property/livestock. The terms excluded the contents of the house at that point, the Royds family did agree to puchase the contents of the homestead within the following two years. This arrangment was not executed by the Royds due to financial constraints. As a consequence, Robert A. C. Maddrell then arranged for the contents to be purchased by the National Trust of Australia, in order to maintain this invaluable collection of Australia's earliest beginnings. Due to the actions of Robert Maddrell, the National Trust were bestowed custodianship therefore ensuring the collection would perpetually remain the property of the Australian public and in its rightful location at Bedervale. (Richard C Maddrell by email 13 June 09)

After two years Mr TR Royds arranged for a National Estate Grant to purchase the furniture collection, and nominated the National Trust of Australia (NSW) as owners.

During the 1980s with the assistance from Heritage Assistance program funding, Bedervale was restored.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Mushroom farming-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Truffle farming-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups (none)-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with John Verge, architect-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Robert Maddrell of Bedervale, grazier-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Captain John Coghill MLC, politician and colonial grazier-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Bedervale homestead, flanking wings and two storey barn, all set around a central courtyard constitutes one of the most outstanding groups of rural buildings dating from New South Wales' colonial phase of development. It was designed by John Verge in 1836 and finished about 1842 for Captain James Coghill an early pastoralist and MLC. The house has been in the ownership of the Maddrell family and descendents for over 120 years. The House contains a rare and intact collection of original furniture. (Branch Managers Report 1979& 1984)
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Bedervale is a large Geoargian house with very finely detailed cedra joinery to the interiors. Bedervale homestead is set on a propoerty of 500 acres, located over a rise from Braidwood and has extensive views across the township, Mount Jillamatong and the coastal range. (Branch Managers Report 1979)
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The furniture and furnishings inckuding paintings, china, cutlery etc are retained in their original setting making it a rare and original collection. (Branch Managers Report 1984)
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Bedervale is an outstanding group of rural buildings dating from New South Wales' colonial phase of development. (Branch Managers Report 1979)
Integrity/Intactness: The furniture and furnishings inckuding paintings, china, cutlery etc are retained in their original setting making it a intact and original collection. (Branch Managers Report 1984)
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act Refer to standard exemptions gazetted 23 October 1998.
Maintenance & horticultural management.
Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
(a) horticultural and agricultural management;
(b) eradication of noxious animals and noxious plants;
(c) pasture improvement, not requiring substantial clearing of existing vegetation;
(d) stock grazing, not requiring substantial of existing vegetation; and
(e) maintenance and repairs to existing farm fences.
Feb 22 1985
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0001702 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0001722 Feb 85 440857
Local Environmental PlanBedervale Homestead, Outbuildings and Burial Groun 22 Nov 91 163 
National Trust of Australia register Bedervale1351   
Register of the National EstateBedervale115821 Mar 78   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1984Branch Managers Report - Bedervale
Written 1979Branch Managers Report - Bedervale
TourismBedervale Historic Homestead2006Bedervale Historic Homestead - B&B Homepage View detail
PhotographHeritage Office1979(not stated)
TourismNational Trust2007Bedervale Accommodation View detail
WrittenNational Trust of Australia (NSW)1971National Trust Classification Card and supporting information

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045345
File number: S90/05304, HAP90 308, HC 30176


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