Great Northern Hotel | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Great Northern Hotel

Item details

Name of item: Great Northern Hotel
Type of item: Built
Location: Lat: -32.9272864369 Long: 151.7848753310
Primary address: 89 Scott Street, Newcastle, NSW 2300
Parish: Newcastle
County: Northumberland
Local govt. area: Newcastle
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Awabakal
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT100 DP834251
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
89 Scott StreetNewcastleNewcastleNewcastleNorthumberlandPrimary Address
5 Watt StreetNewcastleNewcastleNewcastleNorthumberlandAlternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private 
Current use: Hotel
Former use: Aboriginal land, town lot, hotel

History

Historical notes: The History of the site included in the CMP is summarised as:
Prior to 1861 - Site occupied by F Smith and Company Retail Grocers.

1861 - Construction of first Great Northern Hotel attributed to Dangar Gedye and Company. The first hotel is a three storey rendered masonry building with column-supported verandas to ground and first floors.

1866 - First official record of license at Great Northern to William Fitch [Feb 1866]

April 1866 - Lady Carrington [wife of Governor Carrington] stays at The Great Northern.

1868 - Prince Alfred Duke of Edinburgh stays at The Great Northern.

1880 - The Great Northern substantially extended along Scott Street by this time accommodating 50 beds.

1890-1910 - Centralisation of brewing facilitated by expanded NSW Rail network sees Tooths Brewery Sydney acquire The Great Northern Hotel

1923 - Tooths completes rebuild of the hotel in late Federation Style.

1936 - Design for new hotel proses staged construction enabling eastern end of existing hotel to remain operational during first stage of new construction. This approach appears to have been abandoned in the revised scheme which modified the initial Art Deco design in favour of a design more influenced by the then emerging Inter War Functionalist Style.

1938 - Completed fourth version of the Great Northern Hotel opens on 24 January 1938.

1940-1960 - The Great Northern maintains prominent position as premier hotel in Newcastle.

1954 - Fifth floor additions raise outer wings to height of central elevation.

1961 - Extensive interior refit removes or covers much of the Art Deco detailing in the hotel or provides poorly resolved copies of original detailing.

1964 - The Great Northern accommodates 150 guests in 132 rooms.

1973 - August 1973 reports of The Great Northern Hotel being sold to Sydney based syndicate Yoxlang Pty Ltd.

1977 - The Great Northern Hotel transferred to local family Gerakiteys family

1979 - National Trust of Australia (NSW) classifies The Great Northern Hotel

1981 - The Great Northern Hotel included in the Register of the National Estate.

1987 - Controversy over removal of large mural paintings from Lobby saw these eventually acquired by the Newcastle Art Gallery in 1988.

1988-The Great Northern Hotel put to auction on 12 November 1988.

1989 - The Great Northern Hotel extensively damaged in Newcastle Earthquake. Limited repairs undertaken. The hotel was partially closed and limited to low rent tenants with further degradation of fabric.

1997 - Lease controlled by Donna Batist of Hazrahan

2001 - Action against Batist and Hazrahan under the Heritage Act for illegal works to the hotel interior.

After 2003 - Lease passed to current owner who applied for and acquired development consent for restoration/ adaptation of existing interiors and additions to the eastern end and roof top area.
Source of the above: Brady, 2017).


The owners of the Great Northern Hotel say work is on track to reopen its downstairs bar early next month and start accepting overnight visitors by mid-2019.

2019. The Herald reported in July that work had begun on fitting out the heritage building, and the new publican, Ben McBeath, hoped to open before the Melbourne Cup on November 6. Former owner Kurt Braune, who is handling the refurbishment on behalf of Sydney Developer Bass Elhashem, said this week that contractors were working to meet that deadline after Scott Street reopened to traffic two weeks ago.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Cultural - Coasts and coastal features supporting human activities-
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Changing the environment-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Trading along the NSW coast-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Innkeeping-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Innkeeping-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Events-Activities and processes that mark the consequences of natural and cultural occurences Developing local landmarks-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Building settlements, towns and cities-National Theme 4
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Early land grants-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Townships-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Sub-division of large estates-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Subdivision of urban estates-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 20th century Suburban Developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing ports-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Suburban Consolidation-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Creating landmark structures and places in regional settings-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Cultural Social and religious life-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing suburbia-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing towns in response to topography-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Role of transport in settlement-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Beautifying towns and villages-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Working in an Inn, Public House, Hotel etc.-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Interwar Streamline Moderne-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Interior design styles and periods - Art Deco-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Applying architectural design to utlilitarian structures-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - 20th century Art Deco/Jazz Age-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Adaptation of overseas design for local use-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Designing in an exemplary architectural style-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation musical gatherings-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Visiting heritage places-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Gathering at landmark places to socialise-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Going to the pub-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Places of informal community gatherings-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Developing local clubs and meeting places-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act Great Northern Hotel only


Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
(1) The maintenance of any building or item on the site where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing material.
(2) Work specified in Application No. 86/0040 approved, subject to conditions, by the Heritage Council on 13th October, 1986.
Apr 3 1987
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0050702 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0050703 Apr 87 621787
Local Environmental Plan  03 Jul 92 1079344
National Trust of Australia register      
Register of the National Estate  25 Aug 81   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenColin Brady Architecture & Planning2017Great Northern Hotel, Scott Street, Newcastle - Heritage Impact Statement for proposed amendment to approved development
WrittenColin Brady Architecture & Planning2008Great Northern Hotel, Scott Street, Newcastle - Conservation Management Plan
WrittenMcMillan, 2017 (2)2017'The Great Northern Hotel set to re-open' View detail
WrittenMcMillan, Melinda2017'Great Northern Hotel set for renaissance - photos' View detail
WrittenParris, Michael2017'Great Northern still planning to restore hotel rooms despite delay' View detail

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045384
File number: S90/03251 & HC 33514


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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