Royal Newcastle Hospital - The Club Building | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Royal Newcastle Hospital - The Club Building

Item details

Name of item: Royal Newcastle Hospital - The Club Building
Other name/s: The Club Building - Royal Newcastle Hospital
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Health Services
Category: Hospital
Location: Lat: -32.9287596132 Long: 151.7850481210
Primary address: Pacific Street, Newcastle, NSW 2300
Parish: Newcastle
County: Northumberland
Local govt. area: Newcastle
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Awabakal
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT100 DP883220
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Pacific StreetNewcastleNewcastleNewcastleNorthumberlandPrimary Address
King StreetNewcastleNewcastle  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Belcafe Pty LtdPrivate 

Statement of significance:

A distinctive Federation Queen Anne style domestic scaled building which provides an important townscape element within the Royal Newcastle Hospital group.
Date significance updated: 25 Jan 01
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: GM McRae, Stephenson & Turner
Construction years: 1913-1917
Physical description: The Club building is central to the hospital, with enclosed links between the Club Building, Nurses' Home and Wheeler House. A two storey domestic scale building in the Queen Anne style with an asymmetrical plan, achieves an appearance of a large cottage. Relatively intact interior. Forecourt contains two significant palms.
Modifications and dates: Constructed in two stages evidenced by the change in brickwork and mortar, terracotta roof tiles.
Current use: Currently used as clinical offices and medical recreation club.
Former use: Aboriginal land, Nurses' Home, Hospital

History

Historical notes: Newcastle Hospital
Newcastle's first hospital was established in 1817. The first hospital was originally a jail. Convicts, the general public and government workers were treated there. Many convicts were admitted for treatment for wounds received from floggings. Some used the hospital as a chance to escape, requiring guards at the entry. Coal miners working in nearby mines, were often brought in after industrial accidents and suffering from black lung. Medical treatment remained somewhat medieval and primitive, in the 19th century. Treatments were often ineffective and fatal. There were no antibiotics or antiseptic treatments. medical supplies were often in short supply. There were many deaths. Sometimes the hopsital was a place of last refuge, where people went to die. It also acted as an unofficial asylum for the mentally ill. Its location on a sand-covered hill was problematic. Windows had to be shut to prevent sand blowing in. This hampered the supply of fresh air for patients (Newcastle Herald, 9/11/17, 17).

In 1836 the hospital was basically stuck in the sand hill. And a few years later, the morgue area was completely covered in sand (ibid, 2017).

Nurses's Home (now Medical Recreation Club), c.1913-14
Originally built c1913 - 14 as a Nurses' Home and taken over in 1917 by NSW Government Architect GM McRae for the Hospital. Currently used as clinical offices and medical recreation club.

The 200 year anniversary of the establishment of Newcastle Hospital will be marked on 11 November 2017 at a Hunter Post-Graduate Medical Institute event, with a range of speakers reflecting on its medical past (ibid, 2017).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Significant Places How are significant places marked in the landscape by, or for, different groups-Monuments and Sites
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Health-Activities associated with preparing and providing medical assistance and/or promoting or maintaining the well being of humans (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Health-Activities associated with preparing and providing medical assistance and/or promoting or maintaining the well being of humans Caring for the sick in hospitals-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Subdivision of urban estates-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing suburbia-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th Century Infrastructure-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Working in health care-
7. Governing-Governing Welfare-Activities and process associated with the provision of social services by the state or philanthropic organisations Hospital-
7. Governing-Governing Welfare-Activities and process associated with the provision of social services by the state or philanthropic organisations Hospital/nursing home phase-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with George McRae, architect-

Recommended management:

Requires reasonable care to protect external architectural integrity and the character of key internal spaces and structural systems.

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 
Recommended ManagementCarry out interpretation, promotion and/or education 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0082402 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.130 Order - Lapsed  23 Jan 81 19475
Heritage Act - s.130 Order - Revoked  12 Jun 92 68 
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register 04/2/1/100001 Feb 92   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Department of Health - s170 Register199204/2/1/100Schwager, Brooks & Partners Pty Ltd  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenNewcastle Herald2017'Medieval medicine in our convict past', in 'Topics'

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045481
File number: S91/00611


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