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House

Item details

Name of item: House
Other name/s: Jellore Cottage; Munday Cottage (Former Jellore Cottage)
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Location: Lat: -34.4891780561 Long: 150.3337403250
Primary address: 16 Jellore Street, Berrima, NSW 2577
Parish: Berrima
County: Camden
Local govt. area: Wingecarribee
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Illawarra
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT62DP758098
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
16 Jellore StreetBerrimaWingecarribeeBerrimaCamdenPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private 

Description

Physical description: Block:
Cottage garden to street with a (recent, sympathetic) low timber picket fence to Jellore Street and the cottage set well back on the block. Long block running north to the WIngecarribee River. Rear of cottage is the 'Settler's Cottage' (see below) and a garden. West of the cottage is a line of tall, mature Bhutan cypresses (Cupressus torulosa), a former hedge. To the rear is a Lombardy poplar tree (Populus nigra 'Italica')(Stuart Read, pers.comm., 15/1/2014).

Cottage:
A single storey weatherboard cottage with gabled roof continued as a skillion over the front verandah. Has 2 external brick chimneys at east end with simple band of projecting brickwork as neck moulding. The timber framed verandah is supported on 5 square timber posts (not original). The weatherboard lining of the main gable end walls is continued over the ends of the verandah. The original windows have also been replaced with modern timber colonial style windows.
Run as bed-and-breakfast accommodation.

Settler's Cottage:
Vertical slab cottage that has been moved here from another site and re-built. Run as bed-and-breakfast accommodation.
Modifications and dates: Prior to 1991: Original windows replaced with aluminium framed components. Modern steel balustrade to front verandah and modern fence. (See 1991 photo.)
Prior to 2010: Aluminium windows replaced with timber colonial pane type. Fence replaced with timber picket fence. (See 2010 photo.)(LEP, 2010).

History

Historical notes: Berrima is the second oldest (European) settlement in Wingecarribee Shire and the oldest continuing settlement in the shire. The first town settlement in the district was in 1821 at Bong Bong, 8km south-east of Berrima on the Wingecarribee River (Webb, 2008, 9).

The site of Berrima was selected by Surveyor General Sir Thomas Mitchell in 1829 on a visit planning the route for a new road alignment from Sydney to replace the old Argyle Road, which had proven unsatisfactory due to a steep hill climb over the Mittagong Range and river crossing at Bong Bong. In 1830 Mitchell instructed Robert Hoddle to mark out the town based on a plan Mitchell's office prepared, along the lines of a traditional English village (with a central market place and as many blocks as possible facing onto the WIngecarribee River), and using the local Aboriginal name. The new line of road came through the town (Allman Johnston, 2007). Berrima was to be established as the commercial and administrative centre for the County of Camden.

Following the approval of Governor Bourke in 1831, the period 1824 to 1841 saw significant flourishing development as mail coaches changed their route to this new line of road. Early town lots were sold in 1833, predominantly to inn keepers and around Market Square, including the first town Lot sales to Bryan McMahon (Webb, 2008, 9).

Governor Bourke designated Berrima as a place for a courthouse and gaol to serve the southern part of the state (Webb, 2008, 9). With construction of the Jail from 1835-9 and its Court House in 1838 to serve the southern part of the state the town flourished into the 1840s as mail coaches called, public buildings including churches in 1849 and 1851, establishment of many hotels and coaching houses to service local resident needs and passing trades, persons and commercial travellers. Its 1841 population was 249 with 37 houses completed and 7 more in construction. Research has indicated there were some 13 hotels or grog houses in Berrima at the one time in the early days before the coming of the Southern Railway to the Moss Vale area, which by-passed Berrima (Allman Johnston, 2005).

The 1851 census showed the number of buildings remained the same but the population had dropped to 192. During the 1850s Berrima experienced another boom period after the discovery of gold. When the Great Southern Railway bypassed Berrima in 1867 the town again began to decline as Mittagong, Moss Vale and Bowral developed. Berrima remained virtually unchanged for the next 100 years, preserving the town as an almost intact colonial village (Webb, 2008, 10).

In 1948 the Berrima Training Centre, a minimum security correctional centre opened at the Berrima Gaol. In the 1960s the National Trust of Australia (NSW) started to classify and seek to protect heritage properties (Webb, 2008, 22).

Since the classification of a number of buildings in Berrima by the National Trust of Australia (NSW) in the 1960s, the popularity of Berrima has increased, particularly as a tourist destination. Recent developments in the town have seen the emergence of bed and breakfast accomodation facilities, reflecting the early years of the town's development that provided accomodation for travellers through the construction and operation of various inns (Webb, 2008, 10).

In 1992 the Sydney to Canberra Freeway (F5) bypassed Berrima (Webb, 2008, 22).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing townsfolk - terraces and cottages-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Role of transport in settlement-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This cottage is significant to the local community as a typical representative of the small 19th century weatherboard cottages to be found throughout Berrima. Its overall form and what remains of its early detailing also contribute to the significance of the group of early buildings along Jellore Street (LEP, 2010
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
This cottage is significant to the local community as a typical representative of the small 19th century weatherboard cottages to be found throughout Berrima. Its overall form and what remains of its early detailing also contribute to the significance of the group of early buildings along Jellore Street.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0010102 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0010116 Jan 81 80327
Local Environmental PlanWLEP 2010 16 Jun 10   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Wingecarribee Heritage Survey1991WI0237JRC Planning Services  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenWebb, Chris & Charlotte2008Conservation Management Plan, Coach & Horses Inn, 24 Jellore Street, Berrima

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045495
File number: S90/05773 & HC 32523


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