Golden Gully and Archway | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage


Golden Gully and Archway

Item details

Name of item: Golden Gully and Archway
Type of item: Archaeological-Terrestrial
Group/Collection: Mining and Mineral Processing
Category: Alluvial Workings
Location: Lat: -33.0159244832 Long: 149.4162729420
Primary address: Golden Gully, Hill End, NSW 2850
Parish: Tambaroora
County: Wellington
Local govt. area: Bathurst Regional
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Orange
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
PART LOT1 DP711491
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Golden GullyHill EndBathurst RegionalTambarooraWellingtonPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Golden Gully and Archway is a major site on the Hill End-Tambaroora goldfield where large scale alluvial fossicking was undertaken by European and Chinese miners. The gully is evidence of the onset of the 1851 goldrush. It displays the difference between European and Chinese mining techniques during the 19th century. In particular the eroded gully has exposed the square European shafts and the round Chinese shafts in a dramatic and unique landscape. (Heritage Office file notes 1983)
Date significance updated: 26 Nov 99
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Builder/Maker: European and Chinese gold miners
Physical description: Golden Gully and Archway is a deeply incised man induced braided channel system. The Gully banks contain shafts and drives that demonstrate the mining techniques used by European and Chinese miners to reach gold deposits.

Intensive and successive fossicking activities had led to a massive landscape alteration. The course of the Tambaroora Creek has been changed and variegated and in all sections its bed has been lowered below the 1851 level. The combined action of fossicking and erosion and sculptured the former banks of the creek into spires, organ pipes and arches. When viewed from within the Gully these structures appear to change colour according to the time of day and incidence of direct sunlight. (Heritage Office file notes 1983)
Date condition updated:26 Nov 99
Current use: Pastoral
Former use: Mining


Historical notes: Golden Gully was created by European and Chinese miners during the 19th century. With the onset of the 1851 gold rush, the miners sank shafts, adits and drives to retrieve the alluvial gold deposits which settled on an ancient buried river bed.

In 1983 the National Parks and Wildlife Service nominated the site for listing under the Heritage Act. The site was under threat of damage and disturbance from proposed commercial mining operations. Following site visits and discussions with National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Mineral Resources and mining companies an Interim Conservation Order was placed over the site in 1987. A Permanent Conservation Order was placed over site on 2 September 1988. On 2 April 1999 the site was transferred onto the State Heritage Register. (Heritage Office files notes 1983)

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Ethnic influences-Activities associated with common cultural traditions and peoples of shared descent, and with exchanges between such traditions and peoples. Chinese mining practices-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes of mining-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Mining-Activities associated with the identification, extraction, processing and distribution of mineral ores, precious stones and other such inorganic substances. Mining for gold-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Technologies for underground mining-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act refer file

Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
(1) Garden maintenance including cultivation, pruning, weed control, the repair and maintenance of existing fences, gates, garden walls,tree surgery but not extensive lopping;
(2) Change of use
(3) Pasture improvement, not requiring substantial clearing of existing vegetation;
(4) Maintenance and repair of existing farm fences and the provision of internal subdivision fences;
(5) maintenance and repair of existing dams, water storage facilities and reticulation systems;
(6) eradication of noxious plants and animals (weed species in natural areas to be removed either by manual means or treated by spot application of herbicide to avoid effects on native vegetation);
(7) maintenance and repairs to existing access roads; and
(8) horticultural and agricultural management.
Sep 2 1988
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0061402 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0061402 Sep 88 1404657
Heritage Act - Interim Conservation Order - Lapsed 0077904 Sep 87 1405088

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Central West Pilot Program SHRP2001 Heritage Office SHRP  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1983Heritage Office file notes

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045503
File number: EF14/4370; S90/6547

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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