Brundah | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Brundah

Item details

Name of item: Brundah
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Location: Lat: -28.8691469066 Long: 153.5680400580
Primary address: 37 Norton Street, Ballina, NSW 2478
Parish: Ballina
County: Rous
Local govt. area: Ballina
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Jali
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOTC DP386403
LOT122DP759076
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
37 Norton StreetBallinaBallinaBallinaRousPrimary Address
Swift StreetBallinaBallinaBallinaRousAlternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private27 May 14

Statement of significance:

Brundah is an excellent example of the domestic timber architecture once typical of the North Coast area of New South Wales. The house is set in a fine, mature garden and is generally considered the best example of domestic architecture in Ballina. (Branch Report 1981) Brundah evokes a way of life. It is a fine example of a building style once typical of the area, but now rare. It provides as a resource for research into early twentieth century domestic life and building construction. (Built Heritage of the North Coast 1988)
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1908-1908
Physical description: Garden:
The original property comprised 0.4 hectares, half of which was sold following Roy Lang's death in 1946.

Today it sits on 2 hectares of lush, park-like land on the corner of Norton and Swift Streets (ibid, 154).

The mature garden is intact and along with the perimeter fencing enhances the aesthetic qualities of the house (North Coast Regional Heritage Study).

4 Canary Island date palms (Phoenix canariensis) which are old and significant, grow out the front.
A line of Cabbage tree palms (Livistona australis) and Cocos Island palms (Syragus romanzoffianum).
1 Hibiscus sp. shrub - an original plant - to the south of the house (pers.comm., the owner, 9/4/09)

House:
A large intact Federation style timber house with encircling verandahs located on a prominent corner position. It is a single storey building elevated on stumps and has a multi-gabled galvanised iron roof. Elaborate lattice and timber detailing around the verandah which combine with adjustable timber venetians to modify the basic design to suit the climate. The mature garden is intact and along with the perimeter fence enhances the aesthetic qualities of the house. The roof has also been utilised as a living space. (Built Heritage of the North Coast 1988)

A spacious home (Hunt, 1988, 152).
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Physical condition is good.
Date condition updated:04 Mar 98
Modifications and dates: 1908 - built

`946 - half of the original property (0.2 hectares) was sold following Roy Lang's death in 1946.
Current use: Private residence
Former use: Aboriginal land, farm, private residence

History

Historical notes: James Lang was a free Scottish settler who emigrated to Australia in the same ship as the Rev. John Dunmore Lang (no relation). In 1866 aged 18, John Lang left the Shoalhaven district to settle at Woodburn. During 1873-5 he held the contract to carry mail between Ballina and Iluka. In 1885 John and his brother Alex became proprietors of the Steam Launch Service, the launch named the Messenger, with Captain John Davis as skipper carrying passengers from Woodburn to Lismore, completing the round trip daily (Hunt, 1988, 150).

Alex Lang was among the first to settle at Prospect, where he owned a farm. Roy Lang, son of John, established a business in Ballina where he was an estate agent, auctioneer and produce agent (the building is the same one which today houes the Bank of NSW. At the rear of the building were saleyards which were later relocated to teh site of the present Ballina High School after instances of cattle escaping the yards created problems in RIver Street (ibid, 152).

Roy Lang purchsed the land on Norton and Swift Streets, where in 1908 he built the house 'Brundah' (Our Happy Home) for his young wife Charlotte, formerly Charlotte Robson of Tucki (Station). The business of buying and selling cattle throughout the Richmond district was conducted by Roy Lang with the aid of a horse and buggy until 1915 when he became the third Ballinan identity to purchase a car. The original cost of the building was 556 pounds, 1 shilling (ibid, 152).

He, like the Langs before him, has been described as a worthy pioneer, noted authority on cattle and horses. Roy Lan designed special leather boots for his draught horses so their hooves would not mark the golf green (Owen St.) which he regularly mowed. He also mowed the school playground, believing children should not have to play on areas covered with weed growth. The 1938 Richmond River Historical Journal describes John Lang as 'a worthy pioneer, a man of indomitable spirit - another of those gallant and enterprising pioneers who blazed the trail for later generations' - surely no less could be said of Roy Lang (ibid, 152).

The original property comprised 0.4 hectares, half of which was sold following Roy Lang's death in 1946. The house remained in the Lang family until the death of Charlotte Lang in 1980, aged 101.

Brundah is the spacious home built by the Langs of Ballina. It has recently been acquired by new owners who under the guidance of the Heritage Council of NSW intend to restore it to its earlier elegance (ibid, 152). The new owner is a former Noosa Heads developer, Phillip Smart, his wife Christine and two sons. Mr Smart said he planned to spend about $40,000 on renovations, mainly to the inside of the home. THe northern side of the house would be opened up through the use of period wood doors, he said. The Smarts moved from Noosa Heads to Ballina about 12 months ago (ibid, 154).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Changing the environment-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and gardens of domestic accommodation-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Federation Style residential development-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing townsfolk - terraces and cottages-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Bungalows-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Changing land uses - from rural to suburban-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Townships-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Subdivision of urban estates-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing suburbia-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Federation Arts and Crafts-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Landscaping - Federation period-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Brundah was built in 1908 for the Lang family of Ballina. (Branch Managers Report 1981)
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
A supberb unspoilt example of the fine domestic timber architecture once typical of this area set in a garden planted with palms, norfolk pines, bougainvillea and other shrubs typical of the period. (Chivell & Broadbent 1981)
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The house and garden are particularly fine examples of early materials and designs adapted to the climate and conditions of the far northern areas of the State. (Chivell & Broadbent 1981) It provides a resource for research into early twentieth century domestic life and building construction. (Built Heritage of the North Coast 1988)
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 
Recommended ManagementCarry out interpretation, promotion and/or education 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0019402 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0019409 Sep 83 1244164
Regional Environmental Plan  23 Dec 94   
Local Environmental Plan 198819 Mar 93 261267
Local Environmental Plan  09 Feb 87   
National Trust of Australia register   24 Aug 81   
Register of the National Estate  25 Mar 86   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Built Heritage of the North Coast - Amendment to North Coast REP 19881988S02Department of Planning  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1981Branch Managers Report
WrittenHall, Glen1983Port of Richmond River (1840s-1980s), being a personalised regional history of Ballina and the Lower River
WrittenR Chivell and James Broadbent1981House including fence and garden

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045519
File number: 14/4348; S90/05657 & HC 32643


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